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Give an account of the fundamental ideas of the Design argument for the existence of God.

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Introduction

´╗┐Adaeze Ifeacho i)Give an account of the fundamental ideas of the Design argument for the existence of God. The Design argument is a posteriori argument for the existence of God. The basis and structure towards the Design Argument is all about a creator and designer whom set things and planned everything to be the way it is today, and the designer must have been God. Key supporters such as Paley and Aquinas, using analogies to compare the world to similar objects both agree that there is some creator or designer whom created the world in a specific way and to perform tasks to the best of their best abilities. Therefore, the Design argument is an a posteriori argument (based on experience), which attempts to prove God's existence by looking for order and purpose in the universe. One of the fundamental ideas of the Design argument is the fact that it finds experience within the universe to which shows regularity. When discussing the purpose of nature, Aquinas believed the world could not just be. Similar to the principle of metaphysical necessity; there had to be some kind of designer or purpose of it. Aquinas uses the analogy of the archer to illustrate his point. He said that an unintelligent arrow cannot be aimed towards its goal without an intelligent archer. ...read more.

Middle

The complexity of the universe caused Swinburne to believe that design is far more probable. Using Ockham?s razor he argued that, the order of the universe is ?beyond chance? and that God provides the simplest explanation to account for the existence of such an orderly universe. This intelligent designer must be God. In conclusion there are many points, which support the case for the existence of God. The theories of a planned world and the need for intelligence to guide others are crucial. Many theists and philosophers view the universe as having been designed by a supreme intelligence, as its complexity seems far too powerful to have just come about by random chance. ii)Comment on the view that the weaknesses of the Design argument outweighs the strengths The weaknesses of the Design argument do outweigh the strengths. Although different philosophers offer necessary proofs that reinforces the God of Classical Theism, their conclusions are limited to empirical knowledge. Critics such as Charles Darwin and David Hume use this inductive and ?a posteriori? argument to point out that, it does not give enough logical proof. These weaknesses outweigh the strengths because it makes massive assumptions to prove that the designer is God. A key weakness is David Hume?s claim that the argument from design cannot lead to the concept of a perfect God. ...read more.

Conclusion

He argues that, the harmonious order of the world could be determined by another principle, rather than intelligence. It could be God, but it could also be a team of Gods, or a Goddess from any religion in the world. A basic assumption cannot be made. The argument itself is also inductive- meaning that, we do not have to accept the conclusion as it is not a philosophical proof. Furthermore, the design argument, the makes the word 'design' seem like it has the same meaning as 'order' and 'purpose' , when in the real sense both words have different meanings. Swinburne may counter this judgement using Ockham?s razor to assert that God is the simplest explanation to account for the existence of such an orderly universe. However, his proof that the universe is ?beyond chance? is still rooted from probabilities. At the end of the day, it is just a hypothesis. This undermines the premise that the universe shows evidence of being designed, and so makes the conclusion invalid. To conclude, the arguments from design may be persuasive but they are nothing more than hypothesis compared to actual proofs. However, it is impossible to prove or disprove the arguments for and against design as well as the argument for and against a supreme God behind everything. Every individual has their own opinion on the issue. ...read more.

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