• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Hick gives the best solution to the mind-body problem. His theory is both scientific and theological in his approach. Discuss.

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Megan Humphries Hick gives the best solution to the mind-body problem. His theory is both scientific and theological in his approach. Discuss. John Hick is a materialist, he believes that the body and the soul are one and at death the body and soul both die. Hick aims to show that the concept of life after death doesn?t depend on human beings having souls in the way Plato and other thinkers believed. He believes that even though the death of our body is the death of the person, there is no separate soul to live on and he argues that this doesn?t rule out the possibility of our existence after death. Although Hick believes that the body and soul both die, he also says that it could be possible for the dead to exist after death as the same person if an exact replica of them were to appear. ...read more.


Hick agreed with St Paul however he believed that he contradicted himself by saying that the soul is immortal and by also saying that we have a spiritual boy. Therefore Hick improved upon St Paul?s ideas using his replica theory. Many philosophers don?t accept that a replica body is still the same as the ?I? that died. Hick tried to solve this problem with a series of experiments to prove that the ?I? that existed in this world is the same ?I? that is resurrected in the next world. He used the idea of a man called John Smith; Hick said imagine John Smith who lived in America, one day his friends watched as Smith vanished without a trace. At the same moment as he disappeared, a replica John Smith appeared in India. Hick believes that this is the same John Smith. Hick then used this idea in a different scenario. ...read more.


The soul is not matter which is unthinking. The physical world in which the body exists, the soul however is immaterial. The aim of the soul, according to Plato, is to break free from the chains of matter and escape to the realm of ideas where it will be able to spend eternity. Plato believes that the body wouldn?t survive death, but the soul would continue. There is nothing scientific about Hicks replica theory; he is simply theological in his approach. By saying that when we die we there is a replica of us in heaven doesn?t make sense, this is because the replica would not be the same person as it wouldn?t have the same genes and DNA as the living individual. This theory also wouldn?t give the families of the dead any comfort especially if the individual died in pain, this is because the replica theory would mean that the person is still the same as they were when they were in pain and therefore isn?t how the families would prefer to remember them. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Discuss the characteristics of the scientific method which makes it superior over other methods ...

    The desired result is then played on for future use and noted by the researcher. It can be quite a time consuming activity, however, similar problems in the future may benefit from the experiment. 3. Tenacity Tenacity is the determination to continue what you are doing.

  2. An embodied life in heaven is entirely possible. Discuss.

    However, unlike Descartes, Plato argued that the soul both pre-existed and survived the body, going through a continual process of reincarnation or "transmigration". This view derived from his theory of "the Forms", in which Plato suggests that beyond our world is a world of perfect "forms" or ideas.

  1. Theories of Resurrection of the body are logically coherent - Discuss

    believed that the soul is eternal and can be seen to be 'imprisoned' in the body. Plato believed that the soul recalled knowledge from the realm of the Forms, and our duty in life is to become 'philosopher kings' and separate our soul - this follows his idea of escaping from the cave.

  2. Natural law is the most reliable approach when making judgements about sex and relationships. ...

    Catholic churches, we can state that the view in which these both hold is that one in which states that to have sexual inclinations towards someone of your sex is not a sin but to act on these inclinations would be wrong.

  1. Plato & The Soul

    For the soul to enter the world of the forms, it must be a simple entity that is flawless and perfect; which Plato argues for in Phaedo. He argues that the soul in itself is inherently perfect and simple and is affiliated with form like quality.

  2. 'A belief in the life after death solves the problem of evil' Discuss

    The idea being that the human race was not created in a state of perfection but in a state of imperfection but leading to a state of perfection. In order for us to develop morally toward God we had to be created and exist at a distance from him, therefore there had to be horrid things in the world.

  1. Plato's Theory of Forms

    What makes a thing intelligible as a certain kind of thing cannot be constantly changing: otherwise, it could not be identified as that kind of thing, nor would it be that kind of thing. So a thing is what it is in virtue of something that is not changing.

  2. The Concept of Life After Death is Incoherent - Discuss.

    Dr Raymond Moody had studied a large number of patients who had said they experienced some kind of out of body experience during a serious operations. In his study he found that there were a great deal of similarities between the cases he had studied.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work