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Hick gives the best solution to the mind-body problem. His theory is both scientific and theological in his approach. Discuss.

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Introduction

´╗┐Megan Humphries Hick gives the best solution to the mind-body problem. His theory is both scientific and theological in his approach. Discuss. John Hick is a materialist, he believes that the body and the soul are one and at death the body and soul both die. Hick aims to show that the concept of life after death doesn?t depend on human beings having souls in the way Plato and other thinkers believed. He believes that even though the death of our body is the death of the person, there is no separate soul to live on and he argues that this doesn?t rule out the possibility of our existence after death. Although Hick believes that the body and soul both die, he also says that it could be possible for the dead to exist after death as the same person if an exact replica of them were to appear. ...read more.

Middle

Hick agreed with St Paul however he believed that he contradicted himself by saying that the soul is immortal and by also saying that we have a spiritual boy. Therefore Hick improved upon St Paul?s ideas using his replica theory. Many philosophers don?t accept that a replica body is still the same as the ?I? that died. Hick tried to solve this problem with a series of experiments to prove that the ?I? that existed in this world is the same ?I? that is resurrected in the next world. He used the idea of a man called John Smith; Hick said imagine John Smith who lived in America, one day his friends watched as Smith vanished without a trace. At the same moment as he disappeared, a replica John Smith appeared in India. Hick believes that this is the same John Smith. Hick then used this idea in a different scenario. ...read more.

Conclusion

The soul is not matter which is unthinking. The physical world in which the body exists, the soul however is immaterial. The aim of the soul, according to Plato, is to break free from the chains of matter and escape to the realm of ideas where it will be able to spend eternity. Plato believes that the body wouldn?t survive death, but the soul would continue. There is nothing scientific about Hicks replica theory; he is simply theological in his approach. By saying that when we die we there is a replica of us in heaven doesn?t make sense, this is because the replica would not be the same person as it wouldn?t have the same genes and DNA as the living individual. This theory also wouldn?t give the families of the dead any comfort especially if the individual died in pain, this is because the replica theory would mean that the person is still the same as they were when they were in pain and therefore isn?t how the families would prefer to remember them. ...read more.

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