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AS and A Level: Hinduism

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  1. Examine and Comment of Christian and Hindu Beliefs about Life After Death

    This judgement that is made by God determines whether a person's soul will spend eternity in heaven or hell. Based on Jesus' teachings and other sources of revelation, Christians believe that heaven is a place of eternal life, extravagance and luxury, 'The best and sweetest flowers of Paradise God gives to his people when they are upon their knees. Prayer is the gate of heaven, a key to let us in to Paradise', 'There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away' (Revelation 21:4), these quotations show Christians believe that heaven is a place for those who have worshipped God and have followed the teachings of Jesus.

    • Word count: 2177
  2. Examine the Hindu views on arranged marriages. To what extent can Hindu arranged marriages survive in a multi - cultural society

    These are very important factors that most parents do not overlook for arranged marriages. In India, parents feel that a girl can be a potential wife at the age of eighteen and parents get worried if she remains unmarried past twenty four or twenty five. It is acceptable for a boy to remain unmarried till his late 20s, but after that questions are asked about his appropriateness as a husband. This does not necessarily apply to a growing urban middle class population.

    • Word count: 2417
  3. How Do Hindus View Suffering?

    Job may have appeared to be a righteous man on the outside, but beneath, Job could have been a man whose heart was not fully pure, and therefore was being punished by God. Here the conventional Christian attitude is that suffering is a result of ones own actions. In The New Testament the belief is that suffering may not have been brought upon by the individual but by their parents or others around them. In Hinduism the attitude towards suffering is varied.

    • Word count: 2610
  4. Abortion - Hindu view.

    However, Hinduism also teaches that abortion, like any other act of violence, thwarts a soul in its progress toward God. All Hindus believe that all life has a soul or ATMAN. This means Hinduism promotes the theory of "SANCTITY OF LIFE". Sanctity of life means that all life is a special gift from God and must not be taken without proper cause. To Hindus, to take life would incur BAD KARMA. Karma is the nature of law that will bring about good fortune for good deeds and misfortune for bad deeds.

    • Word count: 2461
  5. The Beginning Of Hinduism.

    Hinduism is a way of life as much as a religion, and different Hindus may believe different things without being 'right' or 'wrong'. Holy Books The Hindu religion has many holy books. Some of these are called Shastras. They advise on how people should live their lives. The most important Shastras are the Vedas. They are the oldest holy books in the world, Veda means knowledge. Hindus believe that Vedas came from God and had everything that is true about the world.

    • Word count: 2035
  6. With reference to a Hindu wedding ceremony, describe and explain the many points of symbolism.

    He also throws rice and spices into the fire symbolising fertility. The bride offers puja to the deities and then goes into a separate room to offer private worship to Parvati and Shiva asking for a long marriage and children, preferably sons. When the groom arrives at the place of the wedding, the bride's mother and the priest meet him at the entrance with a 'sacred light' to ward off any evil spirits. The priest prays to Vishnu and Lakshmi and together, the priest and bride's mother lead the groom into the place of the wedding.

    • Word count: 2971
  7. Christianity and Hinduism seem to have profoundly different views in relation to God and/or existence.

    Creation emerged out of Brahman; he moved from an unmanifest state (without any form) to a manifest one (with form). There was always something before creation, as it is an impossible notion to assume that anything can come from nothing. Although, we could argue that God?s ultimate uniqueness can form the ability to produce something from nothing; or the concept of an actual infinite can be put forward. However, with reference to The Cosmological argument (which is an argument for the existence of a first cause), William Craig would state the absurdity of this for we would not be able to cross an infinite, and therefore wouldn?t exist.

    • Word count: 2053

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • "It is essential for Hinduism to reform but the most important issue was the nature of the reformation" Discuss this claim with reference to the activities and teachings of A) Ramakrishna and B) Daynanda Sarasvati.

    "In conclusion the nature of reformation differed between Ramakrishna and Daynanda depending on how they viewed Hinduism. For Ramakrishna, the nature of reform needed to be directed towards the re discovery of the self. Whereas for Daynanada, the nature of reform concerned social and political reform in order to preserve the real Hinduism. Therefore it can be seen that the nature of Ramakrishna's reform was a much more tolerant, plural and liberal one. However it did nit contain all the elements for a reformation that preserved Hinduism. Daynanda's nature of reformation directed Hindu to the original truth and stripped off all the extra features that were restricting the progress of Hinduism. He advocated the education of women, belief in one God and re defining of the caste system. This was all very appropriate since he thought that religion has much more to offer than just a system to channel religious beliefs. This shows that the nature of the reform was very important since reform itself was inevitable anyway. 1 Klaus Klosterimeir 2"

  • What, according to scholars, were the characteristics of the Indus Valley Civilisation? Discuss the possible influence of this civilisation In Hindu thought and culture

    "In conclusion, the Indus Valley religion does seem to have similarities to modern Hinduism. However, it must be remembered that scholars who seeks links between the Indus Valley and modern Hinduism may be blinded by their search to the facts that suggest otherwise. Throughout humanity there are key features in religion that are universally applied, they all depend on the circumstances of the human and any similarities or link may be the result of coincidence rather than a direct link. However, it is entirely possibly that there may have been a cultural synthesis between the Aryans and the Indus, through interbreeding, which allows ideas to continue and possibly leak into the Vedas. But this is speculation and will probably not be confirmed until the decipherment of the hieroglyphs until then it depends on the perception of the scholar. 1 Hopkins, The Hindu Religious Tradition 2 An Introduction to Hinduism 3 Early India- Indus Valley Civilisation 4 Flood 5 Ancient Civilisations 6 Cotterell"

  • Evaluate and analyse the contributions of Ramakrishna to the modern development of Hinduism?

    "In conclusion I feel that Ramakrishna to a large extent has made little contribution towards enhancing the development of Hinduism, mainly as most of his ideas have failed to reform Hindu thinking. Furthermore, from a Brahmin perspective I believe that his ideas undermine the superiority of Hindu teachings. Although he stated that Hinduism was the mother of all religions, he did not actively promote Hindusim or enhance its own development. More significantly Ramakrishna himself did not affect Hinduism but instead it was his disciple Vivekenanda who put forward theory unanimity. 1 Ramakrishna class notes. 2 Steven Cross 3 W owen cole. Introduction to Hinduism 4 History of World Religions Danziel 5 Klaus K Klostermier n:\mywork\rs\hinduism\ramak contribution.doc 02/05/07 97aftab"

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