• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Humes criticism of the cosmological argument do not succeed. Discuss (10)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Hume?s criticism of the cosmological argument do not succeed. Discuss (10) The Cosmological argument cannot succeed giving the evidence of Hume?s criticisms. The most famous expression of the Cosmological Arguments is known as Saint Thomas Aquinas' 'Five Ways,' seen as proofs of God's existence. These ways are formatted from the use of ?posteriori' knowledge, and because of this we can be uncertain of the validity if this theory. A posterior reasoning can only offer us probability, and not conclusive proof. Finding truth from our experiences/ senses can be doubted as we can be false judgments or get things wrong. ...read more.

Middle

who began the chain of events. This Prime Mover, who is unchanging, must have the power to change things thus starting the domino effect off. Hume criticises this and argues that there is no reason why the cause and effect chain cannot be infinite. We do not have to look back at the beginning of time when it must have started. This point is valid because one may say that the first and second ways state that nothing can cause its own existence, yet there is an exception for God who causes its own existence and therefore questions that if God is an exception to this rule then surely the universe itself could be an exception and therefore makes the need for a creator invalid as the universe could have formed itself. ...read more.

Conclusion

In contrast we cannot say this for certain. Hume pointed out that one event would not necessarily lead to another. You cannot infer the cause by looking at the effect; therefore we can?t assume God is the cause by looking at the universe as the effect. Furthermore we cannot assume that the Christian God is the cause of the universe. There could be many Gods that caused the universe to exist or even a team of daemons. All these points clearly out weight the strengths of the cosmological argument and Aquinas?s attempt to prove this. From the evidence that we know I believe that the statement is false and that Hume does provide a successful argument against the cosmological one. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Describe the main strengths and weaknesses of the cosmological argument for the existence of ...

    Why there is something rather than nothing also requires a sufficient reason to explain why it should be so. Everything in the world requires a reason for its existence, since nothing happens without a reason. But everything in the world can be explained with reference to something else within the

  2. Explain Aquinas cosmological argument for the existence of God. Humes criticisms ...

    Aquinas believes cause and effect are natural in our world and that whatever happens is caused by something else. It would be illogical to say something can cause itself because that means it was there before it began, "It is necessary to admit a first efficient cause to which everyone

  1. Assess Humes reasons for rejecting miracles

    He highlighted how the early history of countries is full of miracles and visions due to the ignorant and barbarous populations, such as the very long life of Adam. However as the country becomes more developed and the populations better educated such stories disappear.

  2. Compare and contrast the contributions of Descartes and Humes on the issue of the ...

    triangle together with its three angles' But Descartes reply is to agree this is true when it concerns a triangle, but false when it comes to God. Descartes argues that for God existence is part of essence. However Kant objects even further by claiming that Descartes treats existence like a property.

  1. St Thomas Aquinas and the Cosmological Argument

    * A further problem has been raised. The question was whether it makes sense to speak of a "necessary being". It seems impossible to argue that we have any concept of necessary being because what can be necessary? And if nothing but G-d is necessary and we cannot see necessity directly then there is no concept.

  2. Fathers and Sons - The Quarrel – Chapter 10 .

    At this point I think Bazarov is winning the argument, as Pavel seems confused and temporarily overwhelmed by Bazarov's questions. But Pavel does do the right thing next by asking Bazarov what he feels should be done about the situation, but again Pavel adds another personal statement at the end

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work