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Humes criticism of the cosmological argument do not succeed. Discuss (10)

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Introduction

Hume?s criticism of the cosmological argument do not succeed. Discuss (10) The Cosmological argument cannot succeed giving the evidence of Hume?s criticisms. The most famous expression of the Cosmological Arguments is known as Saint Thomas Aquinas' 'Five Ways,' seen as proofs of God's existence. These ways are formatted from the use of ?posteriori' knowledge, and because of this we can be uncertain of the validity if this theory. A posterior reasoning can only offer us probability, and not conclusive proof. Finding truth from our experiences/ senses can be doubted as we can be false judgments or get things wrong. ...read more.

Middle

who began the chain of events. This Prime Mover, who is unchanging, must have the power to change things thus starting the domino effect off. Hume criticises this and argues that there is no reason why the cause and effect chain cannot be infinite. We do not have to look back at the beginning of time when it must have started. This point is valid because one may say that the first and second ways state that nothing can cause its own existence, yet there is an exception for God who causes its own existence and therefore questions that if God is an exception to this rule then surely the universe itself could be an exception and therefore makes the need for a creator invalid as the universe could have formed itself. ...read more.

Conclusion

In contrast we cannot say this for certain. Hume pointed out that one event would not necessarily lead to another. You cannot infer the cause by looking at the effect; therefore we can?t assume God is the cause by looking at the universe as the effect. Furthermore we cannot assume that the Christian God is the cause of the universe. There could be many Gods that caused the universe to exist or even a team of daemons. All these points clearly out weight the strengths of the cosmological argument and Aquinas?s attempt to prove this. From the evidence that we know I believe that the statement is false and that Hume does provide a successful argument against the cosmological one. ...read more.

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