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If god knows what we are going to do, does he have the right to reward the good and punish the wicked?

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´╗┐Nusrat Hossain Philosophy-Miss. Gault ________________ If god knows what we are going to do, he has no right to reward the good and punish the wicked. (35 marks) If God has the right to reward and punish the wicked then this shows that God has complete and perfect understanding of human?s morals and that the human concepts of good and evil are identical to him which shows he is omniscient. In many world religions God is described as omniscient (all knowing) this helps followers to get a specific understanding and knowledge of God. Many philosophers agree such as Anselm, for example he described God as ?supremely perceptive?. However, this shows that God knowledge is limited as in the book of Genesis it said ?God made man in his image?; therefore he has similar knowledge to humans and knows what is logically possible. Omniscient shows that God must have knowledge of future human actions and this creates a problem if free will is defined in the manner of John Locke ?as the ability to do other in a situation?. If God knows what is logically possible to know, then it is more compatible with the concept that God is a temporal. ...read more.


This is the same as if I saw a man about to rape a woman, and I possessed sufficient force to stop him, but chose to not act saying that both the man and the woman had to learn the extent of their free will and choose to be good like me. He chose not to help us, and gives us an unproductive punishment in Hell which doesn?t make him omnibenevolent. However, Luis de Molina would argue that God does not interfere with human decisions. Instead, he simply observes all of the possible outcomes of our decisions. If this is the case than it seems fair that God would reward or punish as it shows that humans have free choice in what their actions are. And Aquinas agrees with this view, suggesting that God's omniscience is similar to the vision of a man standing on a mountain, in that he can witness the various paths our lives may take, but chooses not to influence them, and so avoiding conflict with free will. In contrast, Richard Swinburne believes that God is everlasting and progress through time. ...read more.


So, John Calvin agrees with the term omniscient which means that he knows the past, present and future. So, the future actions or beliefs follow according to God. Christians follow God and they accept God alone decides eternal destination to each person without regards to man?s choice. This view suggests that God has the right to punish and reward even with having the knowledge of what humans actions will be in the future. Overall, while it may be fair of God to punish and reward our actions, it is not necessarily possible as the idea of God intervening in our world is not coherent when we consider the other qualities described in the scriptures of world religions. The argument for God?s omniscience is a strong one and seems to rule out human freedom and this would only be the case if God?s foreknowledge were in time. But, Boethius solutions suggests God is timeless is the only hope of preserving the goodness of god. Despite other philosophical theories, it is coherent and means that God does not affect or determine our actions. The actions are our own and we can be rewarded or punished for them. ...read more.

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