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In what ways does the existence of evil and suffering pose physical problems for theists

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In what ways does the existence of evil and suffering pose physical problems for theists? Discuss. (33) "Theism is the belief in the existence of one or more divinities or deities. There is also a narrower sense in which theism refers to the belief that one or more divinities are immanent in the world, yet transcend it, along with the idea that divinity(s) is/are omniscient, omnipotent and omnipresent". Therefore, one of the greatest problems facing a believer in a good, all powerful God is the existence of evil and apparent undeserved suffering in the world. The problem has been presented as: "Either God wishes to remove evil but is unable and therefore cannot be all - powerful, or he is able to remove evil but is unwilling and therefore cannot be wholly good. The assumption is that a good God would eliminate evil as far as he is able. Given that he is all-powerful therefore he should eliminate it all. However evil exists. In other words God has the means (power) ...read more.


Human action brought it about. Importantly, Augustine said that God is justified in not intervening, because the suffering is a consequence of human action. So, God is perfect. The world he created reflected that perfection. Lastly, he said that evil is not a substance - but it is a deprivation. Augustine's theory hinges on the idea that evil is a privation. He uses the analogy of the blindness - blindness is not an "entity", but an absence of sight. Augustine accounts for evil by ascribing it to human agency. Evil came about as a result of the misuse of free will. All suffering is therefore a consequence of this abuse of free will. However, God has not abandoned any responsibility for the world. If God were simply just, everyone would be suitably punished. Instead, God's grace brought about the possibility of reconciliation through Jesus Christ, whose crucifixion saved a certain number from eternal punishment. Theists would respond to this in several ways by commenting on different aspects. For example, by placing the responsibility for evil on the Devil and human agencies it might be thought that God is absolved from blame. ...read more.


Also, theists believe that God is wholly good and omnipotent, but if He is to be these qualities, then why does He allow suffering to enter the world? This is important, and theists would look at Irenaeus's theodicy and formulate that, perhaps, God created this evil and suffering for human beings to develop and, eventually evil and suffering will be overcome and everyone will develop God's likeness, living in glory in heaven. Overall, theists would look at this problem in different ways as explained above in Irenaeus' and Augustine's theodicy. They believe in the existence of God and that He is immanent in the world, yet transcendent, along with the idea that He is omniscient, omnipotent and omnipresent. From this, theists would say that evil and suffering should not be a problem in the world, because God is all loving and wholly good, and He would not allow this to be present in the world today. However, by looking at Irenaeus's theodicy, one could say that suffering and evil are present in order for us as humans to grow and develop into better people. ?? ?? ?? ?? Gurleen Chaggar LVI5 Miss. Thacker Philosophy Essay ...read more.

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