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Is the activity of an intelligent designer the best explanation of our universe as a whole?

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Introduction

´╗┐Is the activity of an intelligent designer the best explanation of our universe as a whole? I believe that the activity of an intelligent designer is the best explanation of our universe as a whole, as the inherently teleological features that exist within our universe cannot be explained purely by chance. As Aquinas said, all things ?achieve their end, not fortuitously, but designedly?therefore, some intelligent being exists by whom all natural things are directed to their end..? (Aquinas, T. 2009). Teleological arguments aim to establish the existence of God from order and design in the universe. The traditional argument is as follows: 1. The universe exhibits apparent design. 2. Similar effects have similar causes. 3. The cause of apparent design in human artifacts is intelligent action. 4. The cause of the apparent design in the universe is intelligent action. (Shalkowski, 2012) To begin, in 1802 Paley put forward an analogy from Design qua Purpose, which looks at design in the universe relative to their purpose. ...read more.

Middle

A more alternative view that came from Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion was the idea that the universe was spun from the stomach of a spider, something unintelligent that creates an intricate web that has both design and purpose. Hume?s ideas contest the activity of an intelligent designer, but I believe these are flawed because he appears to acknowledge that there is design, but gives no explanation for it. Furthermore, Hume gives an ambiguous account of how he believes the universe simply could have existed through chance, which still does not disprove the activity of an intelligent designer being the best explanation of our universe as a whole, as will be shown later. In addition, the idea of Design qua Regularity, looking at design in the universe and how this correlates to observable uniformity, leads many to conclude that there is an intelligent designer. Paley?s argument from regularity came from his observations of Newton?s laws, namely gravity and the rotation of planets, stating that, ?if the..forces had varied according to any direct law..great desctruction and confusion would have taken place.? (Paley, W. ...read more.

Conclusion

It could also be argued that we should not be so surprised that our universe seems perfect for us, it is more that we fit the universe as evolution takes place within the parameters of its environment. Furthermore, we are only aware of one way in which the constants of the universe allow for intelligent life exist, but it is not inconceivable that evolution would have simply taken place differently. However, I still do not believe that these oppositions are strong enough to refute the existence of an intelligent designer as they still do not give an alternative as to how the universe came to be so finely tuned that sentient beings are able to be sustained. To conclude, the aforementioned points outline how an intelligent designer is the best explanation, not only because it appears a more logical argument, but also due to the pitfalls of other arguments that do not give plausible responses or alternative ideas. Therefore, the activity of an intelligent designer is the best explanation for our universe as a whole. ...read more.

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