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Islam - considering Hajj, the status of women, and the possibility of being a Muslim without going to the Mosque.

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ISLAM 1) Why do Muslims go on Hajj? 2) Select, describe and explain those rituals of the Hajj which will be of spiritual value to the pilgrim. 3) How is Muslim behaviour directed by Islamic teaching on the role and status of women? 4) Do you think it is possible to be a Muslim without going to a mosque? (Consider more than one point of view) Introduction The name of this religion is Islam, the root of which is Silm and Salaam which means peace. Salaam may also mean greeting one another with peace. One of the beautiful names of God is that He is 'The Peace'. Islam means submission to The One God, and to live in peace with the Creator, within one's self, with other people and with the environment. Islam is a total system of living. A Muslim is supposed to live in peace and harmony with all these segments. A Muslim is any person anywhere in the world whose loyalty is to God, the Lord of the Universe. Allah is the name of the One and Only God. Allah has ninety-nine beautiful names, such as: The Gracious, The Merciful, The Beneficent, The Creator, The All-Knowing, The All-Wise, The Lord of the Universe, The First, The Last, and others. He is the Creator of all human beings. He is the God for the Christians, the Jews, the Muslims, the Buddhists, the Hindus, the Atheists and others. Muslims worship God whose name is Allah. They put their trust in Him and they seek His help and His guidance. Muhammad was chosen by God to deliver His Message of Peace, namely Islam. He was born in 570 C.E. (Common Era) in Makkah, Arabia. He was entrusted with the Message of Islam when he was at the age of forty years. The revelation that he received is called the Qur`an, while the message is called Islam. Muhammad is the very last Prophet of God to mankind. He is the final Messenger of God. ...read more.


* Putting on the Ihram: A male pilgrim has to dress himself in two white sheets of seamless cloth. One sheet is wrapped around the waist covering the lower abdomen, while other is slung over the left shoulder so that the right shoulder and head remains bare (fig 1). Women may dress themselves in simple Islamic clothes and are not required to cover their faces but if she is in the presence of other men who are not her immediate relatives like her husband, father, brother or son then she should cover her face. Ihram should be worn in a station of Al-Miqat. Stations of Al-Miqat are small out-posts situated around the boundaries of Makkah. * Tawaf :(Performing the seven circuits of The ka`ba which is the House of Allah): The pilgrims enter the Haram and go around the Ka`ba (House of Allah) seven times anti-clockwise reading a du`a (prayer).The du`a is: Here I am my Lord, here I am, Here I am. There is no associate with Thee. All praise and bounty are yours; Thine is the kingdom. There is no associate with Thee. The Ka`ba according to the Holy Qur`an, is the first House of Worship which was established on Earth. It's a very simple stone structure. * Performing the Sa'ee: The pilgrims walk and run seven times between Safa and Marwah, two small hills situated close to Ka`ba, reconstructing the actions of the search by Hajera, wife of the Prophet Ibrahim (A.S) for water for her infant son Ismail(fig 2). 2) Select, describe and explain those rituals of the Hajj which will be of spiritual value to the pilgrim. * The rituals of Hajj Day one- 8th of Dhul-Hijjah If you are performing Hajj Al-Tamatt'u (the interrupted Hajj), you enter into ihram for hajj from your residence in Makkah. Perform ghusl (shower or washing of the entire body), perfume yourself if possible, and put on the two garments of ihram. ...read more.


Performing Salat in a Mosque is more rewarding. A mosque is the heart of the Muslim community where they congregate five times a day. There is a big gathering of Muslims on Friday which multiples on the two Eid Days. Muslims can go to a mosque and ask for Islamic guidance from the Imam (Muslim priest). A mosque can be used as a kind of community centre where Muslims worship Allah and discuss their problems with each other. In the time of the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W), mosques used to work as a court and it was used for the collection of Revenue (Zakat). Basically the whole Muslim government in Madina used to run from the Masjid Al-Nabwi (The Prophets Mosque). It is not necessary to go to the Mosque but it is highly recommended. At the time of the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W), able people who did not go to the Mosque were disgraced. A Muslim should read some of his/her prayer at home because it will benefit the entire family. If there are any children in the house, then they can learn how to pray Salat by observing the elders who are performing Salat and also if there are any adults in the House then they will be reminded of the duty given to them by Allah via the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W). A person can still be a Muslim provided that he/she does Salat (within the conditions of Salat). Salat should not be missed as it is the command of Allah. It does not matter whether it is done in the home or in the Mosque but it must be done. It is reported in the Hadith that if a person misses one Salat then he/she will suffer the consequences in Jahannam (Hell) for 80 Huqbah. One Huqbah is equivalent to 80 years so one Salat missed is 6400 years in Hell. A person still can be a Muslim, whether he/she goes to the Mosque or not, as long as he/she has iman which is faith and trust in Allah. Robi Al-Amin Chowdhury 1 ...read more.

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