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AS and A Level: Islam
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There started one of the great religions of the world. Muhammad had a strong belief that there was only one God, the creator. He believed that all humans should be equal in their relationship with this creator. This undermined the tribes of Makkah who, especially the Quarish, rose up against Muhammad and his followers. All through his life, Muhammad fought to establish Islam, to gather followers, and to create a substantial political force. In the 22 years after the first revelation, until Muhammad died in 632CE, God delivered the Qu'ran to Muhammad, his messenger.
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Friends even become status symbols, so people long to 'hang out' with a particular crowd to look cool. Often crowds have leaders with egos, so staying on the right side of certain people is important if you want to be accepted. For some this means 'sucking up' to them, for others it means undertaking actions to make them think you're 'cool'. Friendship in the West is based on using each other. The proof of this can be seen in the fact that when friends became unusable they drift apart. Typically, if someone's friend was to suddenly change and stop clubbing, partying and drooling over the opposite sex at every opportunity they would start treating them differently and normally 'break out' with them.
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Muslim prefer not to bury the dead in a coffin, so not to waste valuable wood, the body is often advised to be placed in a coffin to follow special health regulations. There is no difference in how the corpse is dressed, whether the person was rich or poor, important or humble in death and in Allah's eyes they are the same. No expenses are to be made at the funeral. The funeral must be simple; leaders do not have a special cemetery, but the same funeral as others of less importance.
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What is jihad? Do you know what it means, if so, do you think that it only means only to fight or have a battle.
Here is a hadith: "The restraining soul (or self) from its appetite, is the greatest holy war". This means struggling yourself to perform a good dead just to please Allah is the greatest holy war you could ever do. All the actions that we take such as avoiding haram things and controlling your nafs from the desires is the greatest jihad that anyone could do. Just imagine, you going to a western school, you see everyone with different hair styles. Your desires are to show your hair as well but still you wear that hijab controlling your nafs, not showing your hair or anything, you are doing jihad in the way of Allah.
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The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) has said: 'Poverty can lead to Kuffar (ungratefulness)'. This is because a deprived human being may feel that his Lord is being unjust on him, but a human being cannot understand that this life is a test from Allah and the real life is the life hereafter. What does Islam say about Zakat & Charity Wealth in the English dictionary is defined as, having huge sum of money or possession, riches, state of being well off.
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So it wrote books explaining all of this in a general manner without touching upon the details. Thus, regarding the systems of Islam, i.e. ruling system, economic system and social system it wrote books. And in writing these books it observed the practical aspect so that the Muslims realise that Islam is a practical ideology and a complete system fit for implementation. So that they adopt its systems and work to bring it back in the realm of life via the work to establish the Khilafah State which is the only method for applying these systems and establishing them in the reality of life.
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In Makkah Mohammad was seen as a troublemaker and left because of public humiliation and the establishment of the Muslim ghetto was set up and their lives where in danger.
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In Pre-Islamic Arabia during the Prophet Mohammad's lifetime he veiled his wives to stop them from being starred at and so Muslim men now veil their wives because they want to show true obedience to Allah's commands just like Mohammad did and they believe if they follow the Sunnah (life example of Mohammad)
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The Sunni's believe the revelations where passed down by Allah through the Angel Gabriel to Mohammad but the Shi'ites believe that it was passed down to Mohammad without the intermediary the Angel Gabriel. The Qur'an is seen by Muslims to be perfect and more important than the Bible or Torah because the Bible and the Torah are seen to have been distorted to suit their believing communities but the revelations in the Qur'an are believed to have been recorded immediately when Mohammad received them.
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The Sunnah is the life example of the Prophet Mohammad and the Hadith are the sayings of Mohammad, these where looked at because Mohammad was the seal of the Prophets and so what he did must be the final example of how a perfect human being should live. If it didn't have the answers in the Qur'an, Sunnah or Hadith then the Shariah would use Qiyas (analogy), Ijma (consensus) and Ijtihad (personal reasoning)
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What are the main features of the Islamic doctrine of God as summed up in the words 'There is no God but God'
eye and that he is closer to you than your jugular vein, this keeps a Muslim from neglecting their duties or committing sins. Muslims also believe that God is totally transcendent and his existence is necessary 'he has not begotten and has not been begotten and equal to him is not anyone'. Tawhid requires a Muslims to be totally obedient to the Will of Allah, if they are then they will develop self-confidence, become dutiful and upright and self-respect because they know that Allah is all powerful and everywhere.
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And surely, the Hour is coming, there is no doubt about it, and certainly, All�h will resurrect those who are in the graves. 8. And among men is he who disputes about All�h, without knowledge or guidance, or a Book giving light (from All�h), 9. Bending his neck in pride (far astray from the Path of All�h), and leading (others) too (far) astray from the Path of All�h. For him there is disgrace in this worldly life, and on the Day of Resurrection We shall make him taste the torment of burning (Fire).
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Outlining the Main Events in the Life of Prophet Muhammed (pbuh) and Assessing his Importance and Influence.
Khadijah asked Muhammed to marry her and he accepted. Muhammed was twenty-five at the time and Khadijah was forty years old. They were married for about twenty-five years before Khadijah died. In Ranadhan the year Muhammed was forty years old (about 610), Muhammed sat alone in Cave Hira in Mount Bur. An angel appeared and asked him to read. Like most Arabs of the time, Muhammed (pbuh) could not write, nor could he read, so he told the angel that he could not read. The angel squeezed him and asked him to read again, and again he told the angel that he could not read.
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He was a kind and gentle man, but tended to elect many friends and relatives to key positions. When he was 80 many Muslims, particularly the supporters of Ali, thought that he should abdicate, but he refused to do so. Soon afterwards, while Uthman was at prayer, he was killed by a group of angered Egyptians. He had ruled from 644-56 CE. Finally, 24 years after the Prophet's death, the khalifate passed to Ali. He ruled from 656-61 CE. He was famous for his extreme piety and faithful transmission of the Prophet's sayings. His supporter's thought of him as the 'Conscience of Islam'.
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So almost from the beginning of his life he was both poor and something of an outcast from Meccan society. This shows that muslims are taught to trust in Allah's goodness, and to accept death as a stage in their life and not the end of it. It is, however, known for certain that when he was eight Muhammad was sent to live with his uncle, a merchant called Abu Talib. From the age of 12 Abu Talib took him with him on his long trading trips, which sometimes lasted for many months.
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Describe and explain what followers of the religion which you are studying may believe about the power of good and the power of evil.
Although if you choose to live a life of godlessness and evil, which Muslims believe you, are equally free to do you will therefore live a life of misery and have a bad life. Hence when you die you will have to face the horrible prospect of hell. Muslims believe that everyone has freedom of choice and we cannot know our true destiny the belief of the Muslim faith is that you can choose evil as well as good. If you deliberately choose to do evil instead of good then we will one day be punished.
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The former meaning was emphasised by Sufis (Muslim mystics), who devote themselves to the inner jihad (Jihadul-Nafs), the greater jihad of the two. When used in the latter sense, jihad is closely identified with the statement in the Qur'an, "command the right and forbid the wrong" (3:104, 110). The close connection of jihad with the struggle for justice is reinforced in the hadith, the sayings and actions attributed to the prophet Muhammad (). Muslims must strive to avert injustice first by words and if that is not possible, by violence, qital (fighting or warfare)
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' Men are responsible for women because God has given the one more than the other, and because they spend of their property ( for the support of women ). Virtuous women are therefore obedient, guarding in their ( husbands' ) absence that which God has guarded.' ( 4:4 ). The husband is expected to provide for the home i.e. he is responsible for bringing in money - this is his duty. The husband is responsible for the cost of his wife's food, clothes and accommodation.
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Outline the teachings of Christianity and Islam about the creation of the world. What beliefs about the treatment of the environment can be drawn from these?
Muslims believe that Allah created everything: the solar system, the Earth, the animals, plants and human beings. The Qur'an also mentions the reason of creation to be for people to serve Allah and that Allah maintains everything. Scientific theories do not affect Islamic views about the creation of the world, as Muslims believe that they explain what the Qur'an already teaches. However, theories such as the evolution theory are not accepted my Muslims. It is believed that Allah created apes in their own image, and humans were created as humans; not by evolution descending from apes.
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Other duties were to make sure justice had been done and oppression put down. He was in charge of making sure that none of his people were to live in hunger, without shelter, education or someone to car for them. Abu Bakr was the first male adult to have believed in the message that was sent through Prophet Muhammad. He was also the father of the Prophets youngest wife Aishah. He was well respected for his wisdom and gentleness. After the Prophets death there was an election where Abu Bakr's votes outnumbered Ali's.
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When the scholars reach a consensus this is what ijma is. This is especially important in modern times because there are many new technologies which were not present at the prophet?s (pbuh) time.For a Muslim, all matters, laws and legislation must be according to the Islamic Shariah to be acceptable. The previously mentioned sources of the Shariah must be used in the order they were given. A verdict on any issue is first researched in the holy Qur'an, then the Sunnah of Prophet Mohammad (pbuh).
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Muslims believe that the Quran is different from all other books in ways that are impossible for any other book to be
Muslims also believe that the book was sent down to human kind in order to put everything into the correct perspective or position. The Qur'an was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad by God in Arabic. The Quran is regarded by Muslims as a book of signs not science although the Quran contains many scientific statements in various topics including embryology and the creation of the earth. The Qur?an teaches that everyone is equal in the sight of God regardless of their skin colour or their background.
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