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AS and A Level: Islam

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  1. Salaah, the second pillar of Islam.

    The word 'Ibadah' comes from the Arabic "Abd", which means slave or servant. Man is a born subject and servant of Allah. When he turns to Allah with humility and devotion, he performs an act of Ibadah. In Islam, every good deed performed to seek the pleasure of Allah is an act of worship. One example of Ibadah is prayer (Salaah).The Salaah, which is the subject of this project, is an essential part of Ibadah. The Prophet (S.A.W) is reported to have said: "Salaah is the pillar of Islam and whosoever abandons it, demolishes the very pillar of religion".

    • Word count: 2507
  2. Describe the main events which take place in a Muslim person's life. For example birth childhood divorce death etc.

    Even if the baby is bald a money donation is still given and usually the amount is well above the weight of the hair. Some Muslims offer a sacrifice the pre-Islamic practice of thanksgiving. The meat is shared with family, visitors and the poor. The choice of name is important. It is either a family name or a name from the prophet's family. Names that declare that a baby possesses names suggesting slavery to anyone other than god is forbidden.

    • Word count: 2708
  3. Describe and explain the ways in which Muslims worship in the Mosque.

    * Shirk- association (i.e. associating anyone or anything else with Allah) * Tughyan- arrogance, tyranny Although this obligatory form of worship can take place in the home, on the street or anywhere (so long as it is a clean area, a prayer mat is used and one is facing the Quibla), it is recommended in a Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) that attendance to the Mosque (the Holy building in which Muslims worship Allah) is vital. This Hadith says that if one can attend a Mosque he/she must, unless they are ill or the Mosque is too far away.

    • Word count: 2712
  4. Who are the Muslims ?

    There is none worthy of worship except him, the ever-lasting! Slumber does not overtake him nor does sleep. Whatever is in the heavens and the Earth belongs to him. The following beliefs are vital for every Muslim: Allah (the one God) Angels The Books of Allah The Prophets Life After Death A Muslim cannot believe in one and ignore the other. . Muslims believe in one God. He has ninety-nine names, or attributes, but is usually referred to as Allah. Tawhid The simplest belief a Muslim has about Allah is Tawhid.

    • Word count: 994
  5. What is Hajj?

    Since Muhammad's pilgrimage, Makkah has been sacred to all Muslim's. They want to follow in the footsteps of Muhammad and the prophets Adam, Ibrahim and Isma'il as they believe that Allah is there to guide them through life just as he guided the prophets. Makkah is classed as Holy Ground and people go there to change their life as they wash away their sins. They believe that Hajj and Makkah makes them a better person. Hajj must take place at certain times because of its historic roots. It is to be taken place between 8 and 13 Dhu'l Hijjah, the twelfth month of the lunar calendar.

    • Word count: 1669
  6. Examine the philosophical beliefs about life after death in Islam.

    " Verily, those who say: "our lord is Allah (Alone)" and then they stay firm on this (by following all that Allah has ordained) on them of their death saying) "Fear not, not grieve! But receive the glad findings of paradise which you have been promised!" Fussiliat. (41): 30 In Islam Akhirah is known as the life that follows death, it is an Arabic word, which means 'that which comes after' or the 'the future' or 'the last'. The Qur'an uses the word in the sense of the life Hereafter, as one of the Unseen things in which a Muslim should believe.

    • Word count: 2833
  7. Islam And Infertility.

    The first and foremost thing is that in the Qur'an children are seen as a gift of Allah and as a blessing. On the other hand, infertility is also seen as a gift and a blessing and a cause of great reward either in this life or in the after-life. There is no specific teaching in the Qur'an about infertility treatments because at the time the Qur'an was revealed to Muhammed (PBUH) and written, medical science and these treatments didn't exist.

    • Word count: 999
  8. Life after death - Islam and Christianity

    The Shahadah is the most important of all the pillars. A muslim declares his faith by reciting; The Arabic word meaning; "There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is the messenger of Allah". The book of Islam is the Qur'an, which is the direct word of Allah and 'Tawhid' (oneness of Allah), 'Risalah' (prophethood) and 'Akhirah' (life after death) sumarises the whole of the Islamic system of life. All muslims around the world follow the Qur'ans authority in matters of 'Iman', iman means 'to know' and represents faith or belief.

    • Word count: 3628
  9. A study of Christian and Islamic beliefs about life after Death?

    and Akhirah (life after death) summarises the whole of the Islamic system of life. All Muslims around the world follow the Quran's authority in matters of iman, iman means 'to know' and represents faith or belief. Islam has five key beliefs, which can be described as the foundation stones upon which the religion is based. Shahadah (declaration of faith) Salah (five compulsory daily prayers) Zakah (welfare contribution) Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) Sawm (fasting during Ramadan) The life that follows death is Know in Islam as Al-Akhirah.

    • Word count: 3777
  10. Select, Describe and Explain those rituals of the Hajj which will be of spiritual value to the pilgrim

    Therefore, women usually wear white burqa and drop the veil. It is sown cloth normally. The spiritual value behind it is that it symbolizes purity of the soul and equality between all since everyone there is wearing basically the same. No one is considered more important than anyone else and does not have to wear ihram. It is a cloak of Allah- it takes you away from worldly things so that your mind will be focused primarily on Allah and Allah only.

    • Word count: 840
  11. Explain how Muslim practises reflect Islamic teaching on the role and status of women

    She has the right to be looked after when in pain. She does not have to fast during Ramadan, because she is going through so much pain, therefore she must be treated with respect. It is a privilege given to women because Islam recognizes the crucial role they play in life. Since they are burdened with the responsibility of upholding the home and bringing up the children, she is not expected to work or earn money. Allah says in Qur'an, surah 2, verse 228, "and women shall have the rights similar to the rights against them, according to what is

    • Word count: 936
  12. The Mosque - its importance to the islamic religion

    While the prophet faced the Bait al-Maqdis in his heart he longed to face the mihrab of Ibrahim in the Ka'bah. The Jews also used to face the Bait al-Maqdis, they therefore didn't like the idea of the Muslims facing the same qiblah as they did, and they tried to dishonour the Prophet by using this against him. The prophet used to look in the sky and await the revelation of Allah in the matter. This verse was revealed at the time:- "Verily!

    • Word count: 1921
  13. Understanding the meaning of chaplaincy.

    A lot of the clients just want someone to listen to them, to alleviate their turmoil and difficulty. Listening also means to show full attention, to be completely receptive, but at the same time the client must feel completely satiated to his queries and questions. The Prophet (peace be upon him) was a very good listener. The Quraan describes him by the word "uzun" which is translated, as "he was all ears" which means he had all the time to listen to the needs of the people.

    • Word count: 2806
  14. Discussing the Islamic dress code for women: the Hijab.

    to draw their outer garments around them (when they go out or are among men). That is better in order that they may be known (to be Muslims) and not annoyed.." (Qur'an 33:59) From this we know that the Hijab is a compulsory act on Muslim women. Hijab in Arabic means to hide or conceal. When a woman wears the Hijab she is protecting her modesty, decency, chastity and above all, respect. The head covering is not only a physical barrier against prying eyes, but also a defence against a society obsessed with unachievable beauty.

    • Word count: 813
  15. What is hajj?

    For those Muslims are able to make the journey to Makkah, the Hajj is the highest point of their religious life. Describe and explain why a Muslim might take place in Hajj and what this involves? "Praise is to Allah to whom we ask for help and forgiveness. We seek the protection of Allah from our sins and our evil deeds. No one can misguide whom He guides, and whom He does not guide will never find a guide.

    • Word count: 547
  16. An Insight Into Prophecy: Infallibility.

    Prophets, as characterised by Judaism, the first of the three Abrahamic faiths, were people who felt very deeply. They were devastated by the suffering of those that were oppressed. Having great resonance with the life of our final messenger, Muhammad (s.a.w), the Jewish prophets tended to have three main phases to their lives; contemplative seclusion, scathing criticism of the status quo and finally the provision of a means to salvation. And yet, when reading the Old Testament, it becomes very much apparent that the prophets were not of an impeccable character; they appear fallible and at times guilty of serious sin.

    • Word count: 1838
  17. The Young Man Has Changed.

    But even though having all this, deep inside I was feeling no peace, no buzz as if something was missing. Living the life of Islam was the answer to all my difficulties. At the time I knew this but I still could not do it as it was asking me to leave all the things I loved and this was including girls and music. However the weakness which was making me follow my desires and not the way of Allah did at last leave my life.

    • Word count: 1095
  18. Islamic Sects.

    Further, Muhammad was also the last of a line of God�s Messengers, he was the seal of the Prophets. (9) In his life he had laid the foundations for a community ruled by the laws of God. (10) "The formation of an umma on a definitely religious basis". (11) By the time of his death in 632, Muhammad had won the allegiance of most of the Arab tribespeople to Islam. (12) For the future guidance of the community he left the words of God revealed to him and recorded in the Koran, and the Sunna, the collective name for his opinions and decisions as recorded in the tradition literature, (Hadith).

    • Word count: 4560
  19. A Studyof Islamic and Christian Beliefs On Life After Death.

    is the messenger of Allah' 2. 'Salah'- This is the daily prayer performed by every Muslim, if they are able to perform it i.e. they are pure and aren't travelling. 'Shi'i' Muslims often shorten their prayers into three daily prayers if they aren't able to perform all five at the right times. All Muslims pray towards the direction of the 'Kab'ah' 3. 'Zakah'- This is the compulsory giving of 2.5% of Muslims annual earnings to charity. Muslims can also pay extra which is called 'Sadaqah'. A Muslim isn't obliged to pay 'Zakah' if he is in debt.

    • Word count: 3560
  20. Explain and comment on the ways in which Muhammad set about creating a united ummah between 622 and 632.

    The first undisputed, all-out battle of the creation of the ummah was in 624. This was the Battle of Badr. While Muslims claim that the battle was fought out of loyalty to Allah alone, non-Muslims claim that it was based on a desire for revenge against the Meccans who had forced them to leave their original home. The evidence that Muslims claim to have supporting their argument is the very fact that Muhammad and his followers won the battle - they had Allah on their side, as is described in Sura 7.

    • Word count: 1065
  21. Al-Qur'an - the Great and Holy Book.

    He added that the only solution was to try and separate the Holy Qur'an from the Muslims of Egypt. At the end of the speech; a committee was formed to decide upon ways and means of carrying out Gladstone's recommendation. The committee resolved to send some experts to Egypt who would launch a campaign which would weaken the faith of people and make them suspicious of the truth of the Holy Qur'an. The aim was to discourage people to refer to the Holy Book and gradually make them turn against the Islamic way of life.

    • Word count: 628
  22. If possible, before a Muslim dies, the call to prayer should be whispered into the persons ear. Just as this happened at birth, so Allah should be the last word a Muslim hears before death.

    The body must be buried with the face turned towards the Kab'ah in Mecca (the house of Allah). When Muslims are dying, they recite the Islamic declaration of faith, the Shahada: There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. They may try to say the last words of Muhammad (peace be upon him): Allah, help me through the hardship and agony of death. The dead person's body is washed and wrapped in white cloth. Muslims prefer not to use a coffin. Muslims try to bury the dead person as fast as possible, within 24 hours.

    • Word count: 1235
  23. A study of islamic and hindu belief about life after death.

    Western scientists and many Muslims, too, have a different point of view, and consider Islam as historically beginning with the first revelations to Muhammad in 610 in Mecca (Saudi Arabia). This After Life is called the Real and the True Life accourding to islam. The Quran explicitly refers to the After Life as the True Life while the life in this world is a superficial one. "What is the life of this world but amusement and play? But verily the Home of the Hereafter - that is Life indeed, if they but knew."(29:64)

    • Word count: 2718
  24. The life of Muhammad.

    As well as protection of traders, the Quirash also controlled the Ka'bah and the water supply of Makkah. Due to their high influence in Makkah, the Quirash were also able to make a profit out of passing pilgrims. Hanif Due to the many visitors to Makkah the Quirash were able to become very wealthy. As well as being a centre for worship, Makkah was also a center for gambling and cheating people out of their money. Many Quirash joined in in the cheating of pilgrims and some of the more honourable tribesmen were unhappy with the greed, corruption and selfishness that came with the money.

    • Word count: 2962
  25. Give an account of how Muhammad was called to be a Prophet of Islam and explain what was special about Muhammad's message.

    These words came from the Qu'ran (Surah 96, verses 1-5). The voice belonged to the angel Jibreel (the archangel Gabriel), he asked Muhammad to recite 3 times, but each time he told him he could not. Muhammed was distraught, he really wanted to read those words, to please the angel and to please Allah, but he physically could not, his throat had seized up so badly, he thought he was going to die. He probably wondered why Allah chose him; after all, he was only a plain ordinary, middle class man.

    • Word count: 604

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