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Islamiyat Assignment

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Introduction

Islamiyat Assignment The Expedition of Khyber Typed and presented by : Abdullah Ezadin Typed and presented to : Sir Hafiz Ibrahim Date: 15th of Feb 2003 Introduction: The expedition of Khyber was set out by the Prophet Muhammad towards the end of the month of Muharram 7 AH. He set out of Medina for Khyber at the head of a small force of about one thousand four hundred poorly armed soldiers and a troop of two hundred horses between them. The Prophet allowed to come only those who had pledged allegiance to him under the tree. Allah Refers to them in the Quran and says: "Allah was well pleased with the believers when they were pledging allegiance to you under the tree, and He knew what was in their hearts, so He sent down Tranquility upon them, and rewarded them with a near victory and many spoils to take; and Allah is ever Mighty, Wise. (48: 18-19)" Also with them, Twenty women accompanied the army in order to care for the sick and wounded and to prepare food and supply water during the fighting. ...read more.

Middle

. They met the early workers of Khyber carrying their spades and baskets but when they saw the Messenger of Allah and the army, they cried, 'Muhammad with his army!' and fled. The Messenger of Allah said, "Allahu Akbar" and then he added, "Kharibat Khyber" (Khyber is destroyed). When we arrive in a community, it is a bad morning for those who have been warned.' The people of Khyber held a council of war. They were proud of their mountain citadels and their men were among the most expert marksmen of Arabia. They outwardly appeared as one whole; but their hearts were divided. Their greatest weakness was lack of unity. A Victorious General: The prophet attacked one fortress after another. The easier fortress fell one by one. The most powerful resistance which the army had to face was at a stronghold named Qamus. This belonged to Marhab.; a Jewish Chieftain. Every attack made here was repulsed. The Prophet said," 'Let the standard be taken by a man who loves Allah and His Messenger and he will conquer this fort.' ...read more.

Conclusion

Poisoned Meat: During the Khyber expedition, an attempt was made to poison the Messenger of Allah. A Jewess, Zaynab bint al-Harith, the wife of Sallam ibn Mishkam, presented him with roasted mutton, after coming to know that the Prophet liked the shoulder the best, she put a quantity of poison in it and took it to him. When he tasted it, he realized immediately that it was poisoned and spat it out. He summoned the Jews who gathered round and asked them, 'Will you be truthful about something I will ask of you? 'They said, 'Yes. 'Did you put poison in this mutton?' 'Yes. 'What made you do it?' 'If you were false,' they said, 'we would get rid of you. But if you are really a Prophet, the poison would not harm you. Zaynab was then brought to the Messenger of Allah. She confessed, 'I wanted to kill you. He answered, 'Allah would not give you power over me. His Companions asked, 'Shall we kill her?' 'No,' he said, and she was set free. However, when Bishr ibn al-Bara' ibn Ma'rur, who had also eaten some of the mutton, died a painful death, Zaynab was killed. ...read more.

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