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AS and A Level: Judaism
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Describe in detail the way in which a fully observant Orthodox Jewish family would keep this mitzvah. You should explain the symbolism of the various ceremonies and rituals where relevantShabbat is the only Jewish holiday
For example, the mother will have prepared all the meals needed because God said it was important to have three meals during Shabbat, but that they should still abstain from growing or preparing the food. Modern technology has made this easier because the Jews are able to put their meals in slow cookers and although the parents aren't able to create a fire or turn on the heating, they are able to set a timer for the heating. The light on the fridge is also taped up so that the fridge can be opened without breaking the Shabbat rule, not to create fire or light.
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All Eastern European Jews experienced a great religious development in the eighteenth century. There was a vast spread of Kabbalistic mysticism among the scholars as well as popular traditions of mass enthusiasm, which provided the upbringing for the appearance of a new spiritual movement, Hasidism (- from hasidut, meaning 'piety'). Israel ben Eliezer, 1698-1760, who was known as the Ba'al Shem Tov -the master of the good name, was a rabbi from Podolia in southeast Poland and the founder of Hasidism. He was considered a healer, miracle worker, rapturous mystic an enigmatic leader and brought about the recovery of the Jews in Poland.
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However the most important lesson from Rabbi Shem Tov was that you should have joy in serving God. His teachings helped raise the masses out of their misery and in believing this the Jews really felt God really loved them. Many scholars appreciated his methods when he showed them that the Kabbalah was the way of illuminating Judaism. However there were some who were opposed to the Hassidic movement. Two generations ago a man named Shabtai Zvi claimed to be the messiah and changed life in Eastern Europe. This made people think that Rabbi Baal was also a fake messiah.
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