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AS and A Level: Judaism

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  1. What is Halakah? Give an account of the main differences between different types of Jews.

    However in a progressive synagogue, men and women will sit together, both genders may wear traditional garments, the rabbi may be a male or female, and some of the service is in English. In addition, progressive Jews are much more open to adaptations to Jewish law, and believe that it is their right to change traditions to modern life situations of the current society culture. Orthodox Jews however believe that the scriptures are sacred and should be kept divine. They keep all Jewish festivals in a traditional way and follow Jewish laws as far as they possibly can.

    • Word count: 879
  2. "There should be no Laws telling Christians what to do on a Sunday."

    These different views are needed in the World because not everyone holds the same view on the Sabbath. Fundamentalists think that every little detail of the Sabbath Law should be observed and carried out. Their view, in the opinion of others, is somewhat extreme and is probably the group that would concur with the statement in question most. If there were no rules telling Christians what to do on the Sabbath this would probably be the group that would formulate some.

    • Word count: 691
  3. Explain how the attitude of Jesus towards the Sabbath in Marks Gospel might affect Christians today.

    They were the people who the public went to if they had any questions on how to please God or how you should live life and be "safe". The Pharisees attitude as I have briefly mentioned above was one that made sure everyone carried out every one of the 516-619 oral laws that existed and monitored the people making sure they ere not violating the Sabbath law by doing something that, for example, existed under the 39 categories of which work could be classified under.

    • Word count: 549
  4. Describe the origins of two modern Jewish groups and explain the ways in which they have developed.

    Sinai. Chassidics are the traditional Jews follow the laws of Judaism very closely, both written and oral. They believe that the laws from god are absolute and unchanging. Orthodox Jews are willing to accept Jewish traditions and practices and realise their importance even if they don't observe them themselves. The major reason that Jews divided into the two main groups, Reform and Chassidism was all to do with the way that Jews were treated in history. In Eastern Europe during the 17th century many thousands of people were living in poverty. Part of the reason for this was because of an uprising when Sweden and Russia invaded Poleland.

    • Word count: 1592
  5. What Are the Causes and Effects of a Religion Splitting Into Divisions or Sects?

    All Eastern European Jews experienced a great religious development in the eighteenth century. There was a vast spread of Kabbalistic mysticism among the scholars as well as popular traditions of mass enthusiasm, which provided the upbringing for the appearance of a new spiritual movement, Hasidism (- from hasidut, meaning 'piety'). Israel ben Eliezer, 1698-1760, who was known as the Ba'al Shem Tov -the master of the good name, was a rabbi from Podolia in southeast Poland and the founder of Hasidism. He was considered a healer, miracle worker, rapturous mystic an enigmatic leader and brought about the recovery of the Jews in Poland.

    • Word count: 7291
  6. What is the difference between Orthodox Jews, Progressive Jews, and Conservative Jews?

    Words of the Prophets are true, 7.) Moses was the greatest Prophet, 8.) the Torah was given to Moses, 9.) there is no other Torah, 10.) God knows the thoughts and deeds of all mankind, 11.) God rewards the good and punishes the wicked, 12.) The Messiah will come, 13.) The dead will be resurrected. The main source of Jewish teachings comes from the Torah in both its forms. Torah means "teachings," and is God's instructions for them. It teaches how to act, think, and even hoe to view life. The Torah contains 613 commandments.

    • Word count: 892
  7. A Summary Of Jewish Food Laws and Their Origins.

    One main answer to this question is simply because the Torah says so. The torah, however, does not specify reason for these laws but for an observant Jew, there is no need for reason. "We show our obedience to God by following these laws even tough we do not know the reason" is a substantial reason for the following. To keep Kosher can be difficult or easy depending on how observant or devoted to God they are. Keeping Kosher only really becomes difficult when you try to eat in someone's home that does not keep Kosher Even though the laws of kashrut are exceedingly extensive, all the laws derive from some simple and straightforward rules: Certain animals may not be eaten at all, not even their products.

    • Word count: 1902
  8. Covenantal Monotheism: A dissection of Jewish movements currently practiced in the United States.

    These beliefs are of significant substance however, Orthodox Judaism favors more heavily regarding other affirmations such as integration of the Jews into the national life of the countries of their birth. Orthodox Judaism is often identified with all "traditional" or "observant" Judaism. Further misconceptions are made when this common identification projects all traditional Judaism as being the same whether in practice or belief. Orthodoxy is actually made up of several different groups within itself. It includes the modern Orthodox, who have largely integrated into modern society while maintaining observance of halakhah (Jewish Law), the Chasidim, who live separately and dress distinctively (unfortunately often referred to erroneously in the media as the "ultra-Orthodox").

    • Word count: 1464
  9. How Purim Began

    He also inflicted strict laws upon them. At this time a man called Haman became Prime Minister. He disliked the Jews and therefore accused them of disobeying the Persian laws. Haman secretly obtained Xerces permission to perform a mass slaughter of the Jews. Xerces did not want to kill the Jews he didn't mind them but he was being pressurised by Haman's aggression. Haman and Xerces especially did not want the Jewish people's blood to be on their hands. So they, mainly the boisterous Haman, conspired trying to think of a plan which would leave them clean.

    • Word count: 1826
  10. The Bar Mitzvah or "Son of the Commandments" is an important ceremony which Under Jewish Law, marks the obligation to follow the 613 Jewish Mitzvot (commandments) in the Torah.

    He will also learn how to recite the Haftarah (reading from the Prophets) and to read an entire weeks portion of the Torah. Some synagogues will assess the boys knowledge through an examination or discussion. Most synagogues will require the boy to sign a document or set himself a goal in order to make it clear that Bar Mitzvah isn't the end of his Jewish study. He will also have to prepare a speech which he recites during the ceremony a Drashah on the Parshah. He will also have to attend Shabbat services such as Friday afternoon services (kiddush), Saturday Morning services and Saturday evening services (Havdalah)

    • Word count: 2054
  11. What do Jews say about God

    Firstly the Jews believe he is immanent, is able and willing to act in human affairs, this is supported in the Amidah where it says: "You support the falling and heal the sick You free prisoners And keep faith with those that sleep in the dust ... Who can perform such mighty deeds?" The Jewish faith also tells us that G-d is transcendant, which means that he is beyond both space and time and therefore does not intervene in the affairs of humans.

    • Word count: 710
  12. Jewish beliefs on life after death and Jewish Funerals

    Back to the original question the problem and arguments occur when talking about evil people. During torah times we were told of a place designed for these sinners referred to as "Sheol". When comparing this ideology to the idea of "Hell" believed by followers of the Christian belief, it was agreed that this is not the case and in fact Judaism does not believe in Hell. - Which is believed to be a mans worst nightmare and often depicted as a fiery underworld.

    • Word count: 822
  13. “Christians should not take part in sporting events or go shopping on a Sunday”Do you agree, give reasons for your answer showing that you have thought about more than one point of view.

    However in modern day society it is accepted that to devote a full day to God is very difficult and something which is, sadly not very common anymore. The majority of 21st century Christians would probably agree that Sunday is a day of leisure nowadays and to go to Mass on a Sunday is regarded enough to keep the commandment.

    • Word count: 585
  14. Christians should not take part in sporting events or go shopping on a Sunday

    Naturally people want to know how to upkeep it as a way of recognising God's sovereignty. This means that no unnecessary work should done but often this can be taken to far. On 5th February 200 a oil crew on the island of Lewis refused to refuel a plane carrying hospital patients. According to the free Church of Scotland no work should be done on the Sabbath. A spokesman said "The island has too many people who are full of religion, but who lack Christianity." This is quite true but most Christians don't hold such fundamentalist views.

    • Word count: 505
  15. The Sabbath

    It was so important to the Jews to keep the Sabbath special and to keep up the Jewish tradition, that over time, Pharisees created a number of other rules, the idea of these was to prevent people breaking the main, bigger laws of the Sabbath. Jesus objected much more to the new rules than he did do to the actual rules themselves. These extra rules were known as the 'fence around the Torah.' On the Sabbath day, nobody was allowed to work.

    • Word count: 2038
  16. Explain how Mark shows the difference in attitude between Jesus and the Pharisees over the Sabbath.

    In the Book of Exodus (31: 14-17), God gave his people the laws of the Sabbath. He told them, through Moses, to keep the Sabbath holy in the 3rd commandment, "Keep Holy the Sabbath." Whoever did not keep it and worked on the Sabbath was to be put to death. God tells his people to refrain from work on the Sabbath in the 'Affirmation of the Sabbath'. He warns them what will happen to them if they break his laws. In the Book of Deuteronomy (5:12-15), God again tells his people, through Moses, to observe the Sabbath and to make holy it.

    • Word count: 2893
  17. Explain why Jews may observe the Sabbath in different ways

    The orthodox Jews believe that the Torah is the exact word of God as given to Moses who carved out the 10 commandments. The orthodox Jews believe that Moses was only secretary to God and what is written in the Torah is exactly Gods words from Mount Sinai. This makes it very important for orthodox Jews to keep all 613 mitzvot. As a result of this strict following of the law means that the orthodox Jews have strict ways of following the Sabbath.

    • Word count: 677
  18. Christians should not take part in sporting events or go shopping on a Sunday

    This is because the early Christians changed their Sabbath to Sunday because this was the day of the week that Jesus rose from the dead. Some Christians go to church on Sundays, but this is a small majority of people. Some Christians feel that people should not take part in sporting events or go shopping on a Sunday because of the Sabbath's law of not working.

    • Word count: 302
  19. What are the causes and effects of a religion splitting up into divisions or sects?

    However the most important lesson from Rabbi Shem Tov was that you should have joy in serving God. His teachings helped raise the masses out of their misery and in believing this the Jews really felt God really loved them. Many scholars appreciated his methods when he showed them that the Kabbalah was the way of illuminating Judaism. However there were some who were opposed to the Hassidic movement. Two generations ago a man named Shabtai Zvi claimed to be the messiah and changed life in Eastern Europe. This made people think that Rabbi Baal was also a fake messiah.

    • Word count: 4350
  20. The Coming of Age in the Jewish Tradition

    When we are Bar Mitzvah we will be able to form a minyan, which is the required 10 men needed present in a Synagogue before prayers can be read. In preparation for the ceremony I will have to: Go to classes to learn to read and chant the Torah in Hebrew, what it says and why it is important. Hebrew is especially hard to learn because it is written from right to left and there are no spaces, punctuation or vowels!

    • Word count: 1007
  21. Explain Judaism as a theory of religious ethics

    This is seen in the Torah when Avraham is commanded to sacrifice his son, Isaac. If an independent good existed irrespective of and not connected to G-d, and murder was always seen as bad; then Avraham would have argued with G-d and claimed that to murder his son would be wrong. However, instead he accepted it because G-d sets the standards and if G-d says murder is good, then murder instantly becomes good. In addition, Rabbi Meir Simcha of Dvinsk said, ?that G-d created the world so that the world contains within it G-d?s definition of good.

    • Word count: 1421
  22. Discuss at least four key Biblical events and their significance to Jewish Scriptures

    Noah and his family are the only ones who survived. In Bereshit it says ?I have placed my rainbow in the cloud, and it will be a sign of the covenant which is between me, and you, and every living creature?. This is the sign of the covenant that G-d set up between Him and all the flesh that is on the Earth. G-d realises that in some respects humans are incapable of perfection and need more specific laws to give them direction of morality.

    • Word count: 1758

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