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Kant's ethics.

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Introduction

Kant's ethics Abortion and euthanasia are issues that each person has an opinion on and is widely discussed in religious and philosophical circles. New views and arguments are forever arising and put forward especially with new medical technology and research constantly extending the boundary of life and distancing death. In this essay I will discuss Kantian ethics in regard to abortion and euthanasia. I will in addition compare his ideals and principals with religious views and social norms within our modern society. As with many ethical theories there are principals that individuals and societies agree with and of course disagree with. Kant raises many questions for debate one of which is his definition of a person and what aspects of a person should be used in making a moral decision. Kant regards our most important faculties as our reason or rationality and our autonomous nature in which he fundamentally supports. He continues by stating that these attributes alone are required to make a moral choice or maxim (a subjective rule that a person has in mind when performing an action) ...read more.

Middle

This therefore means he has a higher intellect and understanding, therefore would it not be wise to stand before a higher divine being when in a crisis to gain an insight into what is the best course of action. A Kantian would reply by indicating that we cannot with certainty declare that God is intrinsically good. Another issue, which a catholic would argue against, is the dismissal of aspects that form us such as our emotions and experiences in addressing a moral issue. Catholics argue that all these are instilled in every human are part of god will therefore are good. They also question the fact that we as humans are able to act without emotions all the time, as we are fallible and emotions form the very basis of interaction with society. For example the birth of a new baby will often have an emotional response that unifies society together. This therefore presents Kantian ethics as not practical within society because it denies us of what we are as human beings. Let us explore other communities with regard to Kantian ethics. ...read more.

Conclusion

His choice to dismiss all form of our humanity apart form reason leaves personally a robot without holistic natures such as spirituality and emotionally which gives us a purpose in life. The problem of God being dismissed within his theory, I believe is rather hypocritical as he tries to prevent bad maxims being made through the use of the three postulates of practical reason. However what is a postulate God? It will be different to different people unless his version of God is a Judaeo-Christian deity from his pietist background. If this is the case he is contradicting himself because one will be influenced through a God which according to Kant we have no proof if he is intrinsically good. We will also be influenced through Judaeo-Christian culture and social norm, which is implanted in the bible, which we must read to be, influenced God him when making a maxim. If this is not the God then he refers to then bad maxims could still be made because one can adopt an immoral God or create a personal one. This causes major problems in his ethical theory. I do however do appreciate his consistent nature of his theory as it would allows society to accept more this as truths then is today. ...read more.

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