• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Life after death and problem of evil

Extracts from this document...


Life after death solves the problem of evil. Discuss. The problem of evil is how can an omnipotent, omnibenevolent and omniscient God exist in the face of both moral and natural evil? One theory proposed to defend classical theism is the existence of a life after death. If evil can be justified through punishment and eternal gain, surely there is no problem? There are however, many problems with this argument with criticisms come extensively from non-Christians. The best way to analyse if life after death does solve the problem of evil is to look at it on the basis of two variables: the existence of life after death, the existence of evil and how the three main views combining these variables would answer this question. For a life after death to solve the problem of evil, both must exist. This is an assumption with little proof beyond that of faith, which is why it often only appeals to Christians. Augustine was a key believer in both, he believed that on judgement day those who had sinned would go to hell and those who had not would go to heaven. ...read more.


This is the view of many atheists, and those Christians who take a more liberal approach to the bible (as it specifically states heaven, a literal Christian would take this as word). As D Z Philips states, a life after death is just the misinterpretation of language and should not be taken as fact. This is one of the few areas where science and religion have a common outlook. One of the fundamental principles of science is that energy cannot be destroyed. If we take the definition of life in an open way, then in fact life after death does exist through energy, just not in the way we our thought to believe. Other theorists such as Hume argue firmly against the existence of life after death. While agnostic, he is a firm believer in the idea of proof. Faith and written word is not enough to prove the existence of God or a life after death, therefore until it can be scientifically proved a life after death does not exist. They key criticism of Hume is can you objectively say that evil exists? ...read more.


Perhaps this is why Pascal's wager works, it is better to believe in a God in case he does exist, than to not believe in one at all. In conclusion, to agree that life after death solves the problem of evil requires the belief that both exist. It is a lot more logical to believe that evil exists, as despite the claims of God's greater plans, or even the scientific version of the larger picture for society, it is clear that some forms of evil will always override these claims. The existence of a life after death is a lot harder to appreciate as a non-Christian. As a firm believer in the idea of proof, I agree with Hume that until it can be proved it does not exist. I do however, I also agree with the idea of an alternative life after death, specifically the idea of energy always existing. It is interesting to see how two very religious originating ideas as evil and heaven can both become ideas that hold true in ideologies outside that of Christianity, and also too in science. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Christianity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Christianity essays

  1. The Synoptic Problem

    Some people believe that it could be argued that Luke did not use the Q source but instead compiled his gospel from that of Matthews. However if this is the case then during the compiling of the bible there would be no point including all three gospels as if they

  2. RS Evil and Suffering Essay

    Those who believe in Jesus, Augustine argued, will only find the solution and because salvation through Jesus is good thing, he called the Fall in the Garden a felix culpa because otherwise man would not have been able to be served by Jesus' death.

  1. ai) describe how a Christian may follow the call to discipleship through daily life ...

    to love God and this should come above all other in his teaching on the Sermon on the Mount. Consequently because of this many people may misinterpret the message given since not only can show the same devotion and love by leading a contemplative life but you can also show the same devotion and love by leading an active life.

  2. To get to heaven you must behave morally. Discuss.

    not exist, and everything that religion seeks to explain can or will be explained through science. However, with little proof of such claims, both Dawkins and Darwin hold very little above that of religion, as neither has too much proof for what they claim.

  1. Critically assess the view that the two Patrick theory solves the puzzle of Patrick

    This draws O'Rahilly to the assumption that Palladius' full name was Patricius Palladius, as Patricius was a common name at this time. He concludes that in Ireland he was referred to as Patricius, where as in the Chronicles of Prosper, they used his surname.


    Paul is identifying with their struggle yet still hammering down their responsibilities, which they are guided in by the Holy Spirit. Paul progresses to the denouement of chapter five by which point he seeks to shed light on the Galatians freedom.

  1. Reasoned arguments cannot account for the amount of evil in the world. Discuss.

    These qualities can only be achieved by having challenging life experiences with the existence of evil. People supporting this view often draw examples from the Bible, and a good example would be Job. In order to test and strengthen Job?s faith, God takes away all his possessions, as well as his all his children, and later even his health too.

  2. Contemporary discussion on Augustine

    He does not agree with Dawkins either, as he believes that even though it is difficult to decide a certain moment when humans possess moral consciousness, ?suffering, conflict, and death long preceded the advent of humanity.? He believes that Fall and redemption can be seen as continuing processes in everyone?s individual life.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work