• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Luke's Gospel

Extracts from this document...


(a) Outline your knowledge and understanding of the sources used and structure of Luke's Gospel The Gospel according to Luke is the first part of a two-volume work that continues the biblical history of God's dealings with humanity found in the Old Testament, showing how God's promises to Israel have been fulfilled in Jesus and how the salvation promised to Israel and accomplished by Jesus has been extended to the Gentiles. In the prologue Luke states that his purpose of the two volumes is to provide Theophilus and others like him with certainty and assurance about earlier instruction they have received. Among the sources which were used by Luke were at least two written documents, one of them the gospel of Mark in substantially its present form, and the other a collection in Greek of sayings of Jesus, incorporating some narrative details; known as 'Q'; from the German Quelle meaning source. The use by Luke of these sources can be demonstrated because, in the case of Mark, the source itself is available, and a comparison of the texts of the three gospels leaves no reasonable doubt as to its employment in the two Gospels as Matthew and Luke independently copied Mark for its narrative framework. In the case of 'Q'; a quarter of Luke is very similar to one third of Matthew therefore it is suggested that there was a common source used between them, although the original document has not survived, the occasional verbal agreement in 'non-Marcan' passages of Matthew and Luke ...read more.


This is thought to be true as Lukes source are most certainly Palestinian. Luke therefore had to adapt the style, culture and theology of these sources so that they suited his audience; which were many Gentiles living outside of Palestine and his purpose. This process is known as redaction. This explanation fits in with Luke's rather cavalier treatment of Mark as a whole. He treats the general framework of Mark with respect, and preserves, with some significant exceptions, his order, but whether he is fitting Mark into Proto-Luke or not, he does not hesitate to omit Mark's stories and sayings when he has what he considers a better version. There are different structures that Lukes Gospel is argued to have. The first is a simple thematic structure. This states that the Gospel of Luke is organized into seven primary sections that describe the life, ministry and miracles of Jesus Christ. The first section begins with a prologue that explains the purpose of this Gospel. The second section, describes the events surrounding the coming of Jesus Christ and John the Baptist. This section describes the birth of Jesus and some events of His childhood. The third section details the events leading to the public ministry of Jesus. The fourth section of Luke's Gospel describes the ministry in Galilee including many lessons and teachings of Jesus that are principles for living according to God's way of life. ...read more.


All history is recalled with a bias Luke therefore selected relevant material to suit his purpose which was to teach about the life of Jesus and to show that through history God has offered all people the chance of salvation. Luke therefore needs to use history to show exactly how God offered salvation through the Old Testament, the life of Jesus and through the life of the church. The historical detail in Luke is thus an aid to the overall aim; history is used so that the audience can be certain of what they are reading. Since the aim is theological the gospel will not be an exact 'orderly account' of the Good news as historical accuracies becomes subordinate to the overall purpose. There are scholars; such as Dibelius who say Luke's history is so inaccurate to the extent that he makes up stories to fit his theological purpose. However Luke's interest in history is so only that he can enhance, clarify or strengthen his theology It was believed that something had to be chronological in order to be historical; however Hellenistic recognises that just because something isn't chronological doesn't mean it isn't historical. The Rabbis went even further and said that scripture doesn't need to be chronological in order to be historical. In conclusion Luke is a theological historian. History and theology are linked. But at times Luke teaches theology at expense of chronology and this means symbolic alteration therefore, times dates and places are changed but as the events aren't changed this is acceptable and the Gospel isn't any less historical or any more wrong. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Christianity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Christianity essays

  1. A2 Religious Std Authorship of the Fourth Gospel

    Barrett goes further to questioning Irenaeus' claims by stating Polycarp never literally said it was John who wrote the Gospel; this means that it might have been written in John's authority instead. John's age by the time of the reign of Trajan also raises concern about whether he was alive

  2. St.Mark's Gospel

    Oral tradition may be from Peter or other Christians. What are the contents of the Gospel? Chapter/s Contents 1:1-13 Jesus' baptism and temptation. 1:14-3:35 Initial opposition to Jesus' teaching in Galilee. 4:1-34 Jesus teaches using parables. 4:35-8:26 Jesus performs miracles and healings amid growing opposition to his work.

  1. Outline and Examine Jesus attitudes towards outcasts in Lukes Gospel.To what extent do these ...

    which shows how Zacchaeus was viewed at the time; However, we once again see that Jesus is here to help the outcasts, as he says "For the son of man has come to seek and to save the lost." which is a reference to those who have sinned and now

  2. Examine the main differences between Matthews and Lukes accounts of Jesus trial, crucifixion and ...

    They had not deserted the faith of their fathers, the faith of their fathers (as interpreted by the Jewish authorities) had deserted God. 6. Matthew 27: 52-53, The earthquake and resurrection of the saints at the death of Jesus emphasises the belief that his death marks the beginning of a new era.

  1. To what extent did Jesus intend to replace the Torah?

    Jesus was emphasizing the importance of the commandments hence the Torah. His intention was to reprimand the Pharisees and how their tradition such as the Corban undermines the Torah itself. He was not replacing the Torah but instead underlines the initial purpose of it.

  2. This essay shall be based on the portrayal and characterisation of the Pharisees and ...

    have been portrayed negatively in a sense in Luke?s gospel, however they have in some respects had positive moments in Luke?s gospel. For example they invited Jesus to table fellowship with them which was a sign of respect. They often addressed him as teacher respectively.

  1. Comparing accounts in the Gospels of Mark and Matthew

    And about the fourth watch of the night he came to them, walking on the sea. He meant to pass by them, but when they saw him walking on the sea they thought it was a ghost, and cried out, for they all saw him and were terrified.

  2. With reference to the topics you have ...

    The body is concerned with the senses, the soul with reason. The soul is not always perfect because the body corrupts it and drags it down. Humans have the task of taking care of the soul, but this is easily corrupted.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work