• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Management Ethics.

Extracts from this document...


Contents Page Contents Page 1 Ethical Theory 2 Conclusion 4 References 6 Management Ethics Assignment Ethical Theory Ethics (sometimes known as moral philosophy) itself is not easily defined and philosophers provide differing explanations of it. It is certainly a subject that is used in discussions about how we should live, what is right and wrong and what we mean when we use words like right and wrong, good and bad. However, it must be remembered that Plato put the question of is there an ultimate answer of what is good or the right thing to do. Tobacco has been a highly discussed and controversial topic for many years now. While it has been almost fifty years since the dangers of cigarette smoking were first discovered, it seems as though with each passing day that new information is being discovered or divulged as the case may be. Tobacco Companies actively market a highly addictive and lethal product, and have done so for many years here in the United Kingdom and abroad. Their lack of ethics and social responsibility in the business world are apparent in documentations brought to light during lawsuits against them in recent years. The desire for profit and expansion, rather than a concern for societal health, has dictated big tobacco company operations. ...read more.


Business has allowed corruption in the workplace. Competition is the essence of business. Winning is more important than how the game is played and the reward for tobacco companies is financial and financial alone (Friedman 1962). Managers understand right and wrong in their personal life, but do not feel it applies to business practice. Generally people make an ethical decision when going to work for a company, then leave the ethical decisions to the company. This whole argument that the tobacco companies are unethical in the way they do business is grounded in the utilitarian moral doctrine. This states that "we should always act to produce the greatest possible balance of good over bad for everyone affected by our action." By good, Utilitarian's mean happiness or pleasure. This is obviously the case. For example, thousands of people are positively affected in the tobacco industry: lawyers, employees, executives, farmers, and the receivers of the taxes placed on the product. To these people, tobacco and cigarettes bring much pleasure, from money, to a job, to a way to relax, and not just to them, but to those around these people who are affected by their lives. Many people benefit from its existence. However, many millions of people die every year from smoking. ...read more.


as it leads to death & disease and the intent of the tobacco companies (de-ontological) is purely to make money so how can advertising the product be right and ethical thing? Foreign Direct Investment may benefit developed countries but in the Third World it can lead to dependence this is the case with many tobacco that operate in third world countries and allows them to get away with many unethical issues, and in some cases even changing legalisation. Conclusion Most of the theories used in the course were of some relevance & help when it came to understanding the case study surrounding Tobacco & advertising. When researching the case it was useful to look at a range of theories in order to draw out both the good and bad. However when applying theories it is possible to come up with a different answer or perspective with each theory that is used depending on one perception. I found that Subjectivism offer the only real answer as to whether or not tobacco companies like British American Tobacco were in the wrong to advertise their products and thus deemed to be unethical. The fact that moral decisions are made by the individual allows for change and diversity in society. The use of these theories have greatly aided my understanding of management ethics and have made me think harder before making important decisions. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Practical Questions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Practical Questions essays

  1. Utilitarianism VS Kantian Deontological Ethics

    The headmaster would keep the whole class in detention. He would tell the class how naughty they are, and how good rugby is. If it was a universal law, some pupils from the class would get tired of the constant detentions and simply move to a different school, resulting in no philosophy class at RGS.

  2. Business Ethics

    There are three essential components of managing ethically: integrity, morality, and principle. Integrity as a manager involves developing and maintaining trust and mutual respect between the manager and those managed. Morality is a bit broader term and is based on a foundation of ethical goals, motives, and standards.

  1. Business Ethics

    Or on regional level, European Union adopts directives on corporate social responsibility, which force companies to spend some funds into socially responsible investments. Also 2005 was declared European year of corporate social responsibility by EU. And Kofi Annan, secretary general of the United Nations, has launched the Global Compact, at

  2. The Ethical Debate Concerning Cloning.

    Roy E. McDonald. fact that doctors are among our most conservative people, and therefore the very idea of collectivism is alien to their social values, therefore the very idea of collectivism is alien to their social values, but the hospital is obviously a radical collective.

  1. Duties and Deontological Ethics

    Third, Pufendorf provided a detailed categorization of all duties into three main groups: duties to God, duties to oneself, and duties to others. In the selection below, from The Duty of Man and Citizen (1673), Pufendorf argues that duties to others are the most foundational of the three, since this

  2. A Role of the Environmental Ethics in the modern society.

    Inquiry authored and published a paper in Inquiry "The Shallow and the Deep, Long-range Ecology Movement" in 1973, which was the beginning of the deep ecology movement. Important writers in this movement include George Sessions, Bill DeVall, Warwick Fox, and, in some respects, Max Oelschlaeger.

  1. With reference to the topic of abortion , examine and comment on the controversies, ...

    Sanctity of life is a moral absolute but there are times when it can be broken. There are two forms of the sanctity of life, strong and weak. The Church of England does not condone abortion, but it is only accepted when the principle of the lesser of two evils arises.

  2. Does the "War on Terror" mean the just war doctrine is dead?

    In modern times, however, Grotius? just war theory has been replicated in international law with the creation of the Geneva Conventions, specifically the Third Geneva Convention, that stipulates the protection of prisoners of war. The Bush administration?s war on terror has violated numerous international treaties and law pertaining to the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work