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meta ethics

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Introduction

(1)a) Explain how meta-ethics is different from normative ethics. (33) Normative ethical theories are different moral codes of behaviour, the principles we might out into action, the rules by which we might live, the criteria we might use when making moral judgement. Utilitarianism, Kantian ethics, religious ethics, situation ethics, virtue ethics and natural law are all example of normative theories of ethics, they try to shoe us how to behave. normative ethical theories debate at ways we should of deciding what was 'good', 'bad', 'right' and 'wrong' believing them to have an absolute value. Where as... Meta ethics is a term used to describe the study of the meaning of ethical languages. What we are doing when we use words such as 'Good'? Are we expressing our feelings of approval? Meta ethical philosophers try work out what we are doing when we use moral language, because if there is no agreement about the meaning of ethical language, then ethical debates are pointless and will never achieve anything. ...read more.

Middle

Ayer believed that facts are either observable or logically necessary; moral statements are neither. They cannot be sientifically or logically proven. They are emotive expressions. Stevenson deleloped this idea, saying moral statements express subjective beliefs. Prescriptivism is the idea that moral statements instruct behaviour or hope to lead to behaviour. Prescriptivism was produced by R.M. Hare B) 'Everyone knows what good means.' Discuss. (17) Many would agree with this statement such as Normative ethical theories like Utilitarianism, Kantian ethics, religious ethics, situation ethics, virtue ethics and natural law. These theories try to show us how to behave, and debate at ways we should know what is 'good', 'bad', 'right' and 'wrong' believing them to have an absolute value. And therefore everyone knows what good is and normative ethical theories just simply shows use a good way to behave and what is 'good', 'bad', 'right' and 'wrong'. Natural Law holds that there is a good natural order to the human world which ought to be followed. Therefore natural law says that everyone should know what good is and follow the natural rules to keep the goodness. ...read more.

Conclusion

They cannot be scientifically or logically proven. They are emotive expressions. Stevenson developed this idea, saying moral statements express subjective beliefs. Moore thought that there is a difference between good things and goodness itself. An action may be good because it is an act of generosity, but good isn't identical to generosity. When we add 'good' to a sentence it has an affect that is different to that of the adjectives. A good knife is better than a bad knife, but when we use the word good we are probably talking about sharpness or shininess, however a good knife isn't morally better than a bad knife. We may use a good knife to stab someone, which is a morally bad thing to do. When we are calling someone good we are saying something very different from calling them 'tall' or 'short'. We may be referring to their character, or the kind things they do. The moral sense of good refers to actions, consequences, situations, people, characters, choices and lifestyles. ...read more.

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