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Meta Ethics can simply be defined as the nature of ethical evaluations.

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Introduction

Meta Ethics Meta Ethics can simply be defined as the nature of ethical evaluations. In basic terms it defines what is meant by a word used in an ethical statement. A meta-ethical theory, unlike a normative ethical theory, does not contain any ethical evaluations, it evaluates the evaluations. In meta ethics there are two kinds of belivers, those who say ethical terms can't be diffined - the non-naturalists, and those who say ethical terms can be diffined - the naturalists. To compare the two, we will look at the differences between the two beliefs using the term 'good'. We use good in everyday life, for example most people would agree that Nottingham Forest are a good football team, expecially when campared to a team like Derby County. But can we actually define what good is? G. E. Moore a non-naturalist said goodness is a simple, undefinable, non-natural property. He didn't mean that goodness is a 'super special' word, it just means it can't be reduced to natural properties like human needs, wants, pleasures, and so forth. ...read more.

Middle

That's the idea. That's how you'd know that the cake is good, if you thought that goodness might be a natural property. But if you're Moore, and you think that goodness isn't a natural property, then how do you know that anything is good? How do you distinguish the good things from the bad? Unlike the non-naturalists, naturalists believe that ethical terms can be defined. They believe that words like 'good' can be defined using other words, as they are natural properties and can therefore be defined by other natural properties. So the fact that ethical sentences can be reduced to nonethical sentences is really like saying that ethical sentences are a kind of shorthand, a kind of useful abbreviation, for claims about what are ultimately nonethical facts about human needs, desires, and so on. People would then ask, if good can be defined, how do you define it? One definition states that good is estentially 'Hedonism' another word for pleasure. ...read more.

Conclusion

A girl may agree that abortion is wrong but feel in her situation it is the best decision to make. We tend to make wrong decision only if we feel they will lead to better outcomes, in much the same way as proportionalism. In conclusion we can see that there are many different ways in which the term 'good' is used in Meta ethics. In Intuitionism it is used to describe moral principles that are self evidently right. In Emotivism, when we say something is 'good', it is what we see as being right according to out emotions and feelings. Prescriptivism on the other hand uses reason and logic to determine what is 'good'. Utilitarianists perceive something to be 'good' pending the results that follow the action. How we determine what is 'good' or 'bad' to ourselves, greatly depends on which ethical view we take to situations as a result of our opinion. There is no one definition for what is 'good' and so it is down to us to decide which one we believe to be right and then try to live our lives accordingly. ...read more.

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