• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Meta- ethics is a branch of ethics that is mostly about the question Whats goodness? and How do we define what is good and what is bad?

Extracts from this document...


META-ETHICS: MORAL REALISM AND MORAL ANTI- REALISM Ali Hamrayev Introduction to Ethics Essay on topic: Meta- ethics: Moral Realism and Moral Anti- Realism Date: 20.11.2012 Professor: Oscar Horta Alvarez Essay Outline 1. Introduction: What Meta- Ethics is all about? 2. The Concept of Moral Realism 1. Components of Moral Realism 1. Objective 2. Cognitive 3. Metaphysical 1. Categories of Moral Realists 1. Theistic 2. Naturalistic 3. No naturalistic 1. The Concept of Moral Anti- Realism 1. Components of Moral Anti- Realism 1. Moral Noncognitivism 2. Moral Error Theory 3. Moral Subjectivism 1. Conclusion Introduction So, what does the ?Meta- ethics? mean and what is it all about? To be familiar with and understand better the ethical statements, properties, attitudes, and judgments, in philosophy there?s a component of ethics called meta- ethics. Being generally recognized by philosophers, meta- ethics is one of three wings of ethics, which are: 1. Meta- ethics, 2. Normative ethics, 3. Applied ethics. Meta- ethics is a branch of ethics that is mostly about the question ?What?s goodness?? and ?How do we define what is good and what is bad?? at the same time aiming to understand the nature of ethical properties and evaluations, while the other branch of ethics- Normative ethics answers mostly to the question ?What should one do??. ...read more.


that can be evaluated as either true or false, and about which through thinking about the situation you can determine or differ a ?right? from ?wrong?. One of the professors of the Hankuk University, Shin Kim, says: Cognitivism is the view that moral judgments are cognitive states just like ordinary beliefs. It is part of their function to describe the world accurately. And the last element of moral realism is ?Metaphysical Element?. Relying on this element we can derive that moral facts exist in reality but they exist beyond what we can observe with our immediate senses and this is done mostly in a logic-based way on meaning of terms rather than perceptions or observations. Coming to the categories of Moral Realists, according to John Hoffman of Arcadia University, there are three categories: Theistic, Naturalistic, and No naturalistic. Categories of Moral Realists Theistic moral realists believe that moral values exist within God; they believe that morality depends on God?s will or reason, that God?s will is an objective fact within the universe. As an example for this category we can take the ?Religious Ethics?. ...read more.


Moral Subjectivism is a view that states that moral judgments follow on to the subjective states. For instance, ?stealing is wrong? wouldn?t associate positively with a person who doesn?t like robberies and therefore this statement would be ?true? for him, whereas to a person who likes stealing this statement would be rather ?false?. When we give arguments for a moral position, we often think other people should agree with us because morality is ?not just a matter of taste.? If subjectivism is true, then moral disagreement would be impossible, and moral justification would plausibly be irrational. Conclusion Concluding my essay, I would like to say that now having read different sources about meta- ethics I have a clear idea what it is about and have an answer to my main question of the essay- ?What does the ?Meta- ethics? mean and what is it all about?? To understand the concept of Meta- ethics I have used some sources from different educational institutions and sites. Being finished with section of Meta- ethics now I can proceed to the second branch of ethics- Normative Ethics. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Situation ethics

    3 star(s)

    Sometimes people think of love and justice and opposites and Brunner held the opinion that 'love must be between two people whereas justice exists in a group of people.' Fletcher uses this statement to back up his idea that Justice is love working out its problems.

  2. Leaving home - a corrected essay.

    My mother joined my father after he had established a business and home, and as years passed they both became good citizens of Norway, and my mother joined the government working for the immigration department. Aside from their own professions, they were both journalists working for their own small community in the city of Oslo.

  1. Social Contract

    Locke develops the idea that there need be no actual agreement by saying that it is a 'tactic' agreement. This means that a person who seeks to reap the benefits of society implicitly agrees to social contract and if I don't then I am free to leave.

  2. Nietzsche and Mill on Conventional Morality

    work hard for somebody else then eventually we will be the ones who are being worked for, that we can keep our noses clean and work our way up through the system. In reality, all the work we do will always be for someone else, as long as the western world is still run on capitalism.

  1. Do you know you are reading this question?

    you have no clear idea of what justification I would demonstrate to support such a claim.

  2. The Goodness of God

    This makes God a good creator. This creation was made specifically for mankind to enjoy. This is commemorated by observing the Sabbath (seventh day/Sunday) as a day of rest, since God rested on the seventh day after six days of creating.

  1. outline situation ethics

    To Fletcher, "agape" love was fundamentally sacrificing, without any reward or pleasure, as the teachings of Jesus are told in the Bible, and he took a lot of his ideas from this. The quote in Matthew saying, "Love your neighbour as you love yourself," epitomises what agape is all about; where agape love is the ultimate duty.

  2. 'Human nature is so constituted as to desire nothing which is not either part ...

    Therefore, since happiness is a good, people should be concerned about the general happiness. There are a number of objections to this assumption, the most significant is it may be difficult to persuade the egoist that morality matters. This is a key issue in Williams' Egoism and Altruism.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work