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Mills objection to the teleological argument is stronger than the objections of Hume. Discuss.

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Introduction

?Mill?s objection to the teleological argument is stronger than the objections of Hume? The teleological argument (TA) stems from the word ?telos?, which means ?purpose? or ?end?. The TA is the idea that there must be a designer who designed the earth for a specific purpose. However, many people oppose the idea of a designer such as Hume and Mill. J.S Mill is a strong critic of the design argument, however he does not say that the world could not have been designed, but evidence of this does not point towards the perfectly good biblical God. Mill see?s this through observing nature and the disorder of the universe. He uses the fact that living creatures inflict cruelty onto one another and that many animals are designed and live in inhumane ways. An example of this is the female digger wasp as used in an example by Dawkins. A female will lay her eggs in a caterpillar and purposefully sting her prey as to paralyse it but not kill it. ...read more.

Middle

Mill believed that there could not be an omnibenevolent God as all evidence points towards a God who wants to inflict suffering and pain on his creation. He also argued that it does not make sense to use the world as evidence for a good God. However, many theists would argue that Mill?s criticism is weak as human?s are the primary reason for evil in the world due to the Original Sin where Adam and Eve disobeyed God and were thrown from the Garden of Eden. This helps the TA to recover as Mill fails to see human influence of natural evil amongst the world and how there could still be God, but evil is just down to humans. Hume is also a critic of the TA and draws most of his criticisms from empirical evidence. He argues that as humans we do not have sufficient knowledge of the origins of the world to assume that there is only one designer. ...read more.

Conclusion

He also argued that this world could be a prototype by an ?apprentice? God who went on to create bigger and better worlds and that is why there is evil in the world as God make mistakes on his first attempt. This criticism also causes issues for the TA as there is no evidence to suggest it wasn?t the traditional theistic God and was in fact a team of weaker Gods. Although many theists like Paley would argue that it?s only an analogy and faith is strong enough, it raises issues within the TA. Overall, Mill?s objection to the TA is not stronger than those presented by Hume as Mill?s oppositions can be explained to recover the TA such as that there is an evil for purpose. Whereas Hume creates a strong and almost flawless argument against the TA as he uses empirical evidence and uses the Epicurean thesis to explain that there doesn?t have to be a designer at all, it could all have happened randomly. These flaws within the TA blemish the majority of the analogies such as Paley?s watch and Aquinas?s archer and arrow. ...read more.

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