• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Our freedom to make ethical choices is only an apparent freedom. Discuss

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Our freedom to make ethical choices is only an apparent freedom. Discuss Agent Smyth: Why, Mr. Anderson? Why do you do it? Why get up? Why keep fighting? Do you believe you're fighting for something? For more than your survival? Can you tell me what it is? Do you even know? Is it freedom? Or truth? Perhaps peace? Yes? No? Could it be for love? Illusions, Mr. Anderson. Vagaries of perception. The temporary constrects of a feeble human intellect trying to desperately to justify an existence that is without meaning or purpose. And all of them as artificial as the Matrix itself, although only a human mind could invent something as insipid as love. You must be able to see it, Mr. Anderson. You must know it by now. You can't win. It's pointless to keep fighting. Why, Mr. Anderson? Why? Why do you persist?! Neo: Because I choose to. In every person the most basic desire of all is to be free, being able to act at will, not under compulsion or restraint. As I democratic society, we like to think of ourselves of being 100% free, but we are not. In every choice we make there are compulsions and restraints inflicting on the choices we have ever made from the beginning. The older and more independent we appear to be the more of these constraints we are compelled with. ...read more.

Middle

Everything including the actions we take and the choices we make are caused directly by another event. Each human mind is the product of its experiences and in every situation will react according to what it has learnt, in a similar way to a computer that has been programmed. However this links back with responsibility, if a human was already pre destined to perform a certain task they should receive no praise for correctness in taking the action, as what they have done was done not out of free will, but because they were programmed, or already decided. The action says nothing about the moral worth of the person as it had an external cause, and was not done through free will and intention. The hard determinist view that everything is decided by a constant line of causes, and that humans are not free simply because every thing we supposedly decide is already caused and so determined, ultimately means that human free will is an illusion. Free will is something we feel we experience when making decisions and choosing but is really non-existent, the actions we partake in are already set and what we feel we decide is irrelevant to anything that actually happens. For example if I sat down in a room I would be free to step out of until I realised the door was locked. ...read more.

Conclusion

It describes that we are morally responsible for our action although some are determined. Therefore the decisions we are free and able to make in our own minds count as the causes by which everything is made to occur. The midway position suggests that some of our actions are conditioned while others have a complex number of causes. For example there could be a number of reason why someone does not eat food, whether it be a diet, religious beliefs, famine or lack of money. "Real freedom," in the question seems to suggest the freedom to take these fully conscious, and reasoned ethical decisions without relying a higher power. To conclude I believe that as human beings we are not free. Our behaviour and morals will always be determined social acceptance, laws, causality, and upbringing. However we have the power in ourselves to break down these constraints and become free, if a door is locked then break it down, if I want to throw microwaves of motorways then I will do so. When we become totally free this leads to anarchy and chaos. When it comes down to it is not a case of whether we are free or not it is whether we choose to be. Architect: Precisely. As you are undoubtedly gathering, the anomaly is systemic, creating fluctuations in even the most simplistic equations. TV Screens: You can't control me! I'm gonna smash you to f***ing bits, I'm gonna show you, you can't make me do anything. Neo: Choice, the problem is choice Mark Strachan 12.6 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Practical Questions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Practical Questions essays

  1. We are free to make ethical decisions, discuss

    Libertarians accept that things may have an influence upon a decision as every decision will have a different outcome or consequence but we are still free to make a decision, we have a mind to think about decisions, and the choices that we have.

  2. God Knows the ethical decisions we will make. Discuss

    Compatibles, unlike hard determinism, allows for moral responsibility. If X does not save a drowning child because X cannot swim, he is not morally responsible. However, if he chooses not to because of his personality, a combination of his conditioning, an event in his childhood etc, then he is to be held responsible.

  1. The Ethical Debate Concerning Cloning.

    The consequences of cloning in general are impossible to foresee. However, most scholars and politicians remain tied to the idea that cloning is not simply a question of science, but rather one of ethics and religion. It is interesting to note is important to notice just how seriously we in

  2. "It is impossible to reconcile any kind of determinism with the concept of freewill." ...

    If one acquires a hard determinist approach one believes we are not free and cannot be held morally responsible for our actions. Hard determinism takes a number of forms, particularly biological, psychological, and sociological determinism. We are fated by either our biological inheritance, early childhood effects on our psychological being, or the particular social environment we were unfortunately born into.

  1. Examine the differences in ethical and Christian views concerning homosexuality

    This doesn't fit into St. Paul's argument of godless homosexuals. While biblical references are very powerful to Catholics as God's spoken word, there are also many modern day references that are used by Catholics such as the Declaration on Sexual Ethics (1975)

  2. `Always tell the truth and Always keep your promises' Kant's Categorical Imperative.

    If I universalised my telling of lies I would be logically destroying the accepted tradition that on this occasion I wished to break. Note that, for Kant, it is not my honour, or my friendship, or my friend's feelings that are at stake; what is at stake is the illogicality, the irrationality of the action when it becomes universalised.

  1. Outline the general ethical responsibilities on helping relationships and discuss them with examples from ...

    The general codes of ethics are: * Responsibility - safety of clients or patients rests with the professional whilst in their care. However, according to Jones et al 2000, counselling may tend to be concerned with the principles of autonomy, and therefore do not often take responsibility for their clients,

  2. Discuss the view that few business make truly moral decisions and that most implement ...

    Critics of ethical codes believe them purely to be public relations exercises rather than genuine attempts to change behaviour. It is argued that most businesses produce an ethical code to project a good public image whilst their underlying business culture remains unchanged.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work