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Outline cosmological argument presented by Aquinas and discuss strengths and weaknesses.

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Introduction

Outline cosmological argument presented by Aquinas and discuss strengths and weaknesses. The most popular form of the cosmological argument was put forward by St. Thomas Aquinas, a catholic philosopher in his book 'Summa Theological'. He developed five arguments for the existence of god using the cosmological argument. This argument is also known as the first cause argument. The first 'way' was known as the Unmoved Mover. Aquinas observed that everything in the world is in motion, but for these objects to be in motion something must have first started it. However this chain can not be infinitive and must have started with something. Aquinas believed that God was the unmoved mover and that he put the universe in motion. ...read more.

Middle

The arguments contradict themselves, because Aquinas claims nothing can go back to infinity and must have had a first cause/motion, But then this leaves us with the question of where God came from. The third way is all about contingent and necessary beings. Aquinas observed that in nature people and objects come in and out of existence. However if things have to come into existence then nothing would ever of existed. There had to be something else here first as nature shows there are necessary beings, objects that are always present. But Aquinas argued that there must have been a very first cause and claimed this presence was God. ...read more.

Conclusion

With humans we are striving to be closest to perfection, Aquinas said that to be closest to perfection then we must use God as our maximum. This is argument is just another version of St.Anselms ontological argument. It does not really e4xpand on it and offers no new insight to why God is our maximum. The fifth way revolves around the concept of purpose. In the world we all must have a purpose, a means to our end. Aquinas used the example of an arrow and a target to demonstrate this point. For the arrow to reach its target it must be directed by the archer. Aquinas' argument claims that God is our archer and we are the arrows being directed to our target. This argument is quite strong, the world does show cause and effect but this argument still doesn't explain how God came into existence. ...read more.

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