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Outline the cosmological argument for the existance of God. and plan.

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Outline the cosmological argument for the existence of God. (15 marks) The cosmological argument is one that attempts to prove the existence of God through a series of a posteriori (arguments made from experience of the universe) cases describing the necessity for a first creator. The argument is inductive, meaning that it rests on the notion that if its premises are true then it is unlikely that the conclusion will be false. The cosmological argument must and can only explain the universe in terms that a limited human mind can understand. Its based on the idea that everything is contingent and has a creator or beginning somewhere. Thomas Aquinas used the cosmological argument in three of his five ways to prove the existence of God. His first way was called the 'first mover' argument. This argues that everything that has motion must be in time, because to move from one thing or state to another time must have passed. This means that everything that is in time has a mover (something that first caused it to move) and that in turn has a mover etc... but that this chain of mover and moved cannot go back forever and their must be a mover outside of time which caused the first event which then in turn caused the rest. ...read more.


mover things cant go back 4eva infinite regress is impossible 2) causer cannot cause itself or come before itself 3) contingency (necessary being) kalam roots in ara bic philosophy William laine craig actual infinites (a beginning less series of events in time) creator of the world must be personal BOOKCASE!!!!!!! Greek philosophy leibnich What are the main criticisms of the cosmological argument? How for is it fair to say that the strengths of the argument outweigh its weaknesses? (15 marks) The cosmological argument can be seen as a strong argument because it is a posteriori, meaning it's based on personal experience, and therefore available information that has been on mass witnessed and approved by the vast majority of people (for example the common consensus that there are natural laws, and we understand the way they work). Swinburne argues from the perspective of an argument called Ockham's razor (called so because it was a point first raised by a man called Ockham, and the argument is sharp and concise like a razor). This argument simply says that God is the simplest explanation for the universe. Unfortunately many would disagree by saying that at face value this may be so but in depth the presence of a classical theistic God causes too many problems and denying God is a simpler explanation. ...read more.


It could be said though that as there are many arguments for the existence of God, together they build a strong argument for the cosmological argument. This being said many weak arguments do not necessarily create one strong argument but are more likely to create a large but still weak argument. This suggests that both sides of the argument have their faults but I do not think that the as a whole the cosmological argument can be said to provide a truly satisfactory answer to the problem of God and the universe. Timed. PLAN strengths it's a posteriori so based on available information swinburnes ockhams razor it's the easiest to state. Leibniz must be a reason that is god . support mackies railway train weaknesses Hume why must the universe have a beginning may not be the ctg may just be some lesser deity coulsons god of the gaps kant the universes rules can only be applied to that in our experience not what is outside of it (ie god) russels brute fact, mother theory conclusion subjectivity its based on weather u ask why otherwise its invalid increases probability?? my opinion. ?? ?? ?? ?? Charlotte Rowe 12Rog Religious Studies Cosmological essay. ...read more.

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