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Outline the Cosmological Argument for the existence of God

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Introduction

Outline the Cosmological Argument for the existence of God (28 marks) The cosmological argument dates back from ancient Greece has been used over the centuries by various philosophers and theologians from, Aristotle and Plato to the medieval age of Thomas Aquinas. The key ideas derived from the cosmological arguments are that the universe and everything in it is dependant on something other than themselves for their existence. Thus attempting to justify the existence of God based on nothing could come from nothing therefore God must exist for everything to be there. The first form of the cosmological argument was developed by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato in his book the 'Law' after examining differing types of motion in the universe from motion in space, motion occurring with changes of state and motion implied through growth and decay. ...read more.

Middle

Aristotle suggests an eternal causer in other words God who most be necessary. As motion is not a necessary feature in the world there most be something outside the world not limited by time this most be an eternal being who is an uncaused- causer of everything in the world. The most popular cosmological arguments for the existence were by Thomas Aquinas and wrote in his Five ways, set on the theory's of Aristotle Aquinas wrote three different forms of cosmological arguments based on the way the world is, why things are in the world and how they could be used as evidence to support the existence of God. In Aquinas' first way he describes motion. ...read more.

Conclusion

As things in our universe did not have to exist they could either be there not for example apples they could not on their own have come into existence. As the universe and everything within it could have not have existed Aquinas was led to think what had to exist for everything else to also exist. God was necessary in existence because as everything else in the universe is contingent meaning it is dependant on something that is necessary to exist which is God. Furthermore Aquinas concluded if there was no God than nothing would have ever existed. The cosmological argument can be used by many to justify and proof the existence of God however it can backfire as for example with Aquinas' second way of causes. It is said everything has a cause it can be argued then 'shouldn't God have a cause'. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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