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Outline the key ideas of the Teleological argument and identify at least two if its strengths.

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Introduction

Outline the key ideas of the Teleological argument and identify at least two if its strengths. The teleological argument (also called design argument) is an a posteriori argument from the order in the universe to the existence of God. The name "the teleological argument" is derived from the Greek word teleos, meaning "end" or "purpose". When such arguments speak of the universe being ordered, they mean that it is ordered towards some end or purpose. The suggestion is that it is more plausible to suppose that the universe is so because it was created by an intelligent being in order to accomplish that purpose than it is to suppose that it is this way by chance. The argument states that if one uses one's senses to look at order, such as gravity and the motion of the planets, which exists in the world, it is likely that one will accept that there is a designer God who created the world and gave it this order. ...read more.

Middle

Paley states that if one were crossing a heath and saw a stone, one would not question its existence, as it is just a stone which could have been there forever. However, if one came across a watch, one would be able to see that all of the cogs and hands worked together intricately for the purpose of telling the time. This would, Paley argues, lead one to believe that the watch must have been carefully put together by a human watchmaker. With this theory applied to earth, he stated that the intricacies of the world pointed to an intelligent creator. As well as examining the purpose of the world, Paley also looks at its order and regularity, thus his argument is also one of Design Qua Regularity. Paley argues that as the cogs and hands of the watch move in an orderly way to tell the time, so the world has order in order to enable life. ...read more.

Conclusion

It looks at the purposes that every part of the world has (for example trees take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen that we breathe) and from these purpose serving things in the world, the argument states it was placed there by a creator to serve this purpose. The Design Argument has also been reformulated in modern times by Richard Swinburne. Swinburne's two versions of the argument can be found in his book, "The Existence of God." The first of these arguments is the Argument from Spatial Order, which examines the complexities of the world and uses these to point to the existence of God. This version uses the Anthropic Principle to argue that the order of the world and the scientific laws which allow for the conditions of life need to be explained. Swinburne, using Ockham's Razor, states that the simplest and therefore best explanation for this order is that God created the world. "The probability of order of the right kind is very much greater if there is a God, and so, the existence of such order adds greatly to the probability that there is a God." ...read more.

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