• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Philosophy - analysis of Nietzsche, Sartre and Tolstoy

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Q18: What criticisms does Nietzsche have of traditional ?Christian? morality and what sort of morals would he rather put in its place? Explain why you do, or don?t, find his arguments to be sound. Criticism 1. He believes that humans should not believe in a divine order to have a purpose in life. 2. Humans in the past have replaced an old myth when it came crashing down with a new myth to keep themselves believing in a higher order as the meaning to life 3. Says it is not enough to realize that ?god is dead? but we must also stop thinking about the world in theistic terms 4. Believes the justification we give to many of our practices does not really explain why we do them. 5. Though we have broken through the belief that the world is structured in our belief in God we still think of the world in theological terms where we take the world to have a purpose and the universe to be ordered. Nietzsche Morals: - The fact that life might ultimately be meaningless is something that one has to face, and we need to recognize that religion is our justification for many practices. - We now need to find new explanations and disregard our theistic perception of the world since the practice persists even if their putative justification does not. ...read more.

Middle

Men is nothing else but what he makes himself 5. This impacts our lives because we are choosing for all of mankind, we are the lawmaker FORLORNNESS: 1. Forlorness means that God doesn’t exist and we have have to face all the consequences 2. Basically nothing to follow, have to do things yourself – No guidelines, values 3. This impact our lives because we have nothing to look up to and that we have no excuses for our actions DESPAIR: 1. Confine ourselves to reckoning, depends upon our will, or probabilities which make our actions possible 2. Since we choose our own values, everyone values differ and as a result, we cannot assume other people are good 3. Our environment can affect how we act 4. Don’t believe in faith, if things were going bad, no reason to think that it won’t stay that way 5. This impacts our lives because it is harder for us to trust people since everyone has different values WHY HIS VIEWS ARE NOT PLAUSIBLE 1. Essence precedes existence because God created us and has already determined a plan for our existence 2. for people who do not believe in God, there are already expectations laid upon us by others like our family and people who are close to them ï SOCIALIZATION 1. Forlornness: what about the people who believe in God? ...read more.

Conclusion

Do not worry about problems as much as the sick soul 3. Try to solve any problems right away or they would ignore it an try to come back to it later WHAT IS REQUIRED TO MAKE THEM HAPPY 1. Removes tension from what is wrong in the world SICK SOUL: 1. Very sensetive to problems that arise 2. Think about the future negatively, world will eventually end and this causes them to be unhappy 3. If problems arise, instead of just solving it right away, they evaluate all their options and choices WHAT IS REQUIRED TO MAKE THEM HAPPY 1. If they are not satisfied, they feel hopeless, they always want to achieve something better WHICH IS MORE COMPELLING AND WHY: 1. The healthy mind is more compelling because they are removing the tension from their life which makes them happier Q27: ?we have a right to believe the physical order to be only a partial order? we have a right to supplement it by an unseen spiritual order which we assume on trust, if only thereby life may seem to us better worth living again? (ILWL pp. 5-6) 1. Therefore James believes that as humans we are required to believe in a larger reality followed by the existing world because it is the only way to give meaning to our life. 2. Need to define the healthy minded and the sick soul and their perspective on life, since they healthy minded don?t need to be born twice. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Synoptic Study, Satre, Engels and Marx

    We are free to paint what ever we want like we are free to live how we like, there are no rules. Every line represents a choice we make and slowly we begin to create our painting, starting from nothing and ending up as a complex complete picture.

  2. Compare and Contrast the Philisophical Contributions of Nietzsche and Mill to our understanding of ...

    you will not be condemned by society. - Mill furthermore claims that it would be a great misunderstanding to suppose that this doctrine is one of selfish indifference about the well being of others. - There is indeed a need for an increase in the exertion of promoting the good

  1. Plato and Nietzsche on Authority

    Emotions are an important part of human life, and a great leader would have to understand (and this would usually be best understood by feeling the emotions oneself) human life to be effective. Plato argues that this would come from knowledge of the Forms, the perfect example of something - there is one for every notion that exists on earth.

  2. Nietzsche and Mill on Conventional Morality

    Of Kant's deontological ethics, Nietzsche writes that it is "his (Kant's) hearts desire made abstract" and in order to understand Nietzsche's views on Conventional Morality this perspectivist viewpoint must be remembered. Nietzsche believed conventional morality to stem from Christianity. However, Christianity, he believed, like any other value system, could be understood and explained, and therefore explained away.

  1. Philosophy: Life After Death Analysis

    lump of raw ore and the other a well-defined, precise piece of machinery capable of performing a function. He held that the distinction between these two is that one has a designer and one does not, the wider implication of this being that the universe's/human being's complexity was evidence of design.

  2. Pamela Michael's The Gift Of Rivers and Dan Millman's mini-series, Way Of The Peaceful ...

    Many people solve problems with his/her mind and are never really satisfied with the sensation of 'knowing' for certain, because this sensation can only be found when using the brain. In simpler terms "[y]ou'll have to lose your mind before you can come to your senses" (p.166).

  1. Can computers think?

    correctly reply to questions such as "'Consider the machine specified as follows.... Will this machine ever answer 'Yes' to any question?' The dots are to be replaced by a description of some machine [...]."6 A machine that could perform all of these tasks would clearly be a very complex one.

  2. Introduction to Philosophy.

    The divine in the world is all eye , thought & ear. He was also an anthropologist. History Civilization Social Thought Sociobiology culture Natural history Mental history * DEITY is the divine & Gods. The contrast or relation of humans to the divine & Gods.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work