• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Philosophy and Ethics: A look at Confucianism and Taoism and their Affects on the Ethics and culture of the Eastern World.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Nicole Ellen Colraine Civ 10 - 10/19/2000 Professor Weidey -- 9:00AM T, Th Philosophy and Ethics: A look at Confucianism and Taoism and their Affects on the Ethics and culture of the Eastern World Two great philosophical school of thought, Taoism and Confucianism manifested in the 6th Century BC in ancient China. The third significant school of thought, Buddhism, was introduced by India and manifested in Chinese culture around 2 AD. Confucianism is greatly concerned with social relations, conduct, and human society. Taoism, on the other hand is much more individualistic and mystical character and is dramatically affected by nature. Together, these three faiths have shaped and molded Chinese life and thought for the past twenty-five hundred years. Whatever the truth, Taoism and Confucianism are two distinct responses to the social, political and philosophical conditions of life Out of all the pre-Confucian philosophers, Lao-Tzu was indeed the greatest. Lao-Tzu lived in the 6th century BC. He composed a book known as the Tao-Te Ching, which is the foundation of Taoism. Tao-te-ching, in English, translates into 'the way and it's power". "The Way" is to lead a modest life using the elements of silence and nature. ...read more.

Middle

After his death in 479 BC, his ideas slowly won acceptance and eventually became the official philosophy of China. Confucius was interested in ways to organize a good society. To him, a good society was one which preserved peace and order amongst the individuals and between government and the people. As a result, Confucianism emerged and offered up a code for individuals to follow in their social and political relationships. Confucius's followers kept his thoughts and teachings into a book called the Analects. Confucian code of conduct stressed virtues such as loyalty, courtesy, hard work and kindness. If people practiced these virtues every moment of their life, Confucius believed social harmony to be the result. Confucius constructed five basic relationships defining everyone's place in society including the relationships between: ruler and subject, parent and child, husband and wife, older brother and younger brother, and friend and friend. The five relationships determine how society should be organized. In each relationship, each individual has responsibilities, or duties towards the other. Confucius reasoned that if everyone obeyed his or her duty, an orderly balanced society was the result. One example is a ruler has a responsibility to govern and provide a good government for his inhabitants. ...read more.

Conclusion

Thus, Taoism and Confucianism is not as controlled as Aristotelian ethics. Moreover, Taoism and Confucianism embrace time as being cyclical while the western world hold time to be of a linear nature. Although Confucianism and Taoism were established almost 25 centuries ago, they are still relevant and continue to influence modern society. Both schools of thought together are the guiding light in almost every aspect of Chinese life. A modern view of Taoism is portrayed by Hollywould through such pop culture movies as The Phantom Menace and Star Wars -- the "force" in both movies is an excellent example of modern Taoism. Even though they are differ in their practice, the underlying foundation of Taoism and Confucianism are the same. That is, the purpose of both schools of thought is to instill morality into an individual and to help one to find the path to the "good life." Through studies of Taoism and Confucianism, the East and West, both searching for a dialogue for tomorrow's world, can learn from, and help each other. The understanding of the two eastern philosophies by the west will assist in the formation of a better, more objective world -- not though conflagration, but rather through mutual cooperation in achieving peace for the future. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Practical Questions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Practical Questions essays

  1. In this essay I will be looking at Ethics and the importance of using ...

    Mearns and Thorne describe Empathy as "Empathy is a continuing process whereby the counsellor lays aside her own way of experiencing and perceiving reality, preferring to sense and respond to the experiences and perceptions of the client" (Mearns and Thorne 2001:41)

  2. The key difference between someone using counselling skills and a qualified and trained counsellor ...

    or in car park areas. The Risk Assessment also must address issues such potential threats and outcomes of a violent attack and what can be done to minimise this from occurring and should it occur what methods there are of alerting others for help. Additional personal training in conflict management and anger management may be

  1. history of philosophy and ethics

    Its greatest figures are Socrates (fifth century BC) and Plato and Aristotle (fourth century BC). But the enormously diverse range of further important thinkers who populated the period includes the Presocratics and Sophists of the sixth and fifth centuries BC; the Stoics, Epicureans and skeptics of the Hellenistic age; and the many Aristotelian and Platonist philosophers who wrote under the Roman Empire, including the great Neo-Platonist Plotinus.

  2. Virtue ethics is of little use when dealing with practical ethics Discuss.

    a virtue, and prefers to use the word "admirable" to describe an action, rather than "good" or excellent" which need qualifying and explaining. He sees the opposite as a deplorable action, which can mean both foolish and careless and morally blameworthy actions.

  1. Business Ethics

    This is a prime example of agency theory; McDonald's is most of America's agent for lunch, dinner or the afternoon snack. (Mega essay in business ethics, 2001-2009, http://www.megaessays.com/viewpaper/62923.html.) As we enter into the marketing aspect of the business, it can be seen that business marketing had been developed rapidly in

  2. meta ethics

    We can know what good is through our knowledge of good things, we recognize goodness when we see it, and just know that it is good. Emotivism is the idea that all moral statements are expressions of feeling and are meaningless .

  1. Kant's ethics.

    Therefore he insists that a logical maxim be created with the guidance of the three postulates of practical reason resulting in an action with good intention. This process results in many disagreements with religious groups let start with the Roman Catholic Church.

  2. Business environment

    even in situations where a conflict between the commitment to and the implementation of ethical actions does not exist. Where conflicts between corporate and societal objectives exist, the implementation of an effective solution for making ethically charged decisions becomes even more complex.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work