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Reasoned arguments cannot account for the amount of evil in the world. Discuss.

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Introduction

´╗┐Reasoned arguments cannot account for the amount of evil in the world. Discuss. The problem of evil has troubled theologians, especially Christian theologians, for centuries and many have put forward reasoned arguments, known as theodicies, that reconcile a all-powerful and all-good God with the amount of evil in the world. The two most famous theodicies are proposed by Augustine and Irenaeus. Some people believe that theodicies provide a rational defense of belief in God even though evil exists. The Augustinian theodicy states that God is not responsible for the existence of evil because it is not a separate entity, but rather the privation of goodness. God, as the creator of the universe, cannot be held accountable for something that he did not create. In my opinion, however, that evil is not merely the privation of goodness. Some examples of evil, such as seeing a homeless beggar and decide not to give him any money, can indeed be said to be a privation of goodness; however, other examples of evil, such as the Holocaust, are simply too ?evil? to be called a privation of goodness- they are much more than that. ...read more.

Middle

Other people believe that reasoned arguments can indeed account for the amount of evil in this world. Following on from the Augustinian theodicy, some argue that the amount of suffering in this world is in fact proportionate to the amount of sin, i.e. the abuse of free will which causes one to fall away from goodness. Every one of us has selfish desires and everyday we commit sins, however small the sins may be. In other words, we are abusing our free will on a daily basis. When we add up the amount of sins committed by everyone in the world since the beginning of time, the existence of the enormous amount of evil in the world can be justly explained. The Christian God, who is a God of justice, does not have a choice but to punish us according to the gravity of our sin. I do not agree with this view as it does not seem to be fair for righteous people to suffer the consequences of sins which they never committed. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another example is the prophet Jonah. God intended for him to be the one who preaches repentance to the city of Nineveh. Initially he lacked the faith to do so and decided to run away; however after three trying days in a whale?s stomach, where he repented and prayed to God, he gained faith and succeeded in his mission. Joseph is another example and this view can be summarized in what he says in Genesis 50:20, ?What you meant for evil, God used for good.? I do not agree with this view because some people suffer much more than their fair share and the fact that many are broken by the amount of suffering and consequentially lose the will to go on shows that God has already tested them beyond their limits, if it is indeed God who has inflicted the suffering on them. In conclusion, I agree with the statement. I believe that reasoned arguments can only account for a limited amount of evil, but not the enormous amount of evil that exists in this world. I believe that, fundamentally, the notion of the inconsistent triad still holds truth. ...read more.

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