• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Reasoned arguments cannot account for the amount of evil in the world. Discuss.

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Reasoned arguments cannot account for the amount of evil in the world. Discuss. The problem of evil has troubled theologians, especially Christian theologians, for centuries and many have put forward reasoned arguments, known as theodicies, that reconcile a all-powerful and all-good God with the amount of evil in the world. The two most famous theodicies are proposed by Augustine and Irenaeus. Some people believe that theodicies provide a rational defense of belief in God even though evil exists. The Augustinian theodicy states that God is not responsible for the existence of evil because it is not a separate entity, but rather the privation of goodness. God, as the creator of the universe, cannot be held accountable for something that he did not create. In my opinion, however, that evil is not merely the privation of goodness. Some examples of evil, such as seeing a homeless beggar and decide not to give him any money, can indeed be said to be a privation of goodness; however, other examples of evil, such as the Holocaust, are simply too ?evil? to be called a privation of goodness- they are much more than that. ...read more.


Other people believe that reasoned arguments can indeed account for the amount of evil in this world. Following on from the Augustinian theodicy, some argue that the amount of suffering in this world is in fact proportionate to the amount of sin, i.e. the abuse of free will which causes one to fall away from goodness. Every one of us has selfish desires and everyday we commit sins, however small the sins may be. In other words, we are abusing our free will on a daily basis. When we add up the amount of sins committed by everyone in the world since the beginning of time, the existence of the enormous amount of evil in the world can be justly explained. The Christian God, who is a God of justice, does not have a choice but to punish us according to the gravity of our sin. I do not agree with this view as it does not seem to be fair for righteous people to suffer the consequences of sins which they never committed. ...read more.


Another example is the prophet Jonah. God intended for him to be the one who preaches repentance to the city of Nineveh. Initially he lacked the faith to do so and decided to run away; however after three trying days in a whale?s stomach, where he repented and prayed to God, he gained faith and succeeded in his mission. Joseph is another example and this view can be summarized in what he says in Genesis 50:20, ?What you meant for evil, God used for good.? I do not agree with this view because some people suffer much more than their fair share and the fact that many are broken by the amount of suffering and consequentially lose the will to go on shows that God has already tested them beyond their limits, if it is indeed God who has inflicted the suffering on them. In conclusion, I agree with the statement. I believe that reasoned arguments can only account for a limited amount of evil, but not the enormous amount of evil that exists in this world. I believe that, fundamentally, the notion of the inconsistent triad still holds truth. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Christianity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Christianity essays

  1. Life after death and problem of evil

    it was the work of the devil outside of God's control and others state that God created evil. The former opinion coincides with the belief of a process theodicy. We need to suffer to become like God. Another way to look at this statement is from the viewpoint that evil exists, but a life after death does not.

  2. RS Evil and Suffering Essay

    This is surely not the kind of feature that a loving God would have included in a world that he created. So the religious believer needs to be able to justify why God does not do anything to remove this evil from the world.

  1. Cyrano de Bergerac Act V Character List.

    She says it was him in all the letters, all the dear, foolish words, the voice in the dark, and the Soul, it was all Cyrano. When Roxane says this to him, he denies everything, but she knows the truth.

  2. Outline the arguments of scholars for and against the view that the author of ...

    The 'Rylands Fragment', dating from about 150 AD, is the earliest piece of New Testament manuscript found and it has parts of John's Gospel enscribed on it.

  1. Outline the arguments for the dependency of morality and religion

    However Koukl stated that a God who is all loving will always command what is right and what is just because it is in his very nature to do so. Religion is not always moral. The Westborough Baptist Church (WBC)

  2. God is responsible for everything that happens in the Universe. Discuss.

    Since justice is one of God?s qualities, he must have given humans free will. It is not to say, however, that God gave humans free will so that they could choose to sin against him, because if this was his purpose, then humans could not be justly punished whey they

  1. Miracles provide great hope for a hurting world. Discuss

    They suggest that this world is not all there is; there is another much greater world that we catch glimpses of through miracles. The miracle central to Christianity ? Christ?s resurrection ? can give a hurting person hope.

  2. Contemporary discussion on Augustine

    order to become real ?children of God? we have to spend our lives learning to choose God instead of following our baser instincts. Jean-Paul Sartre Jean-Paul Sartre is an atheist existentialist philosopher. While Augustine believes that the will and the sinful body are constantly at battle, Sartre believes that battle

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work