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Reflection on Descartes' Second Medtitation

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René Descartes was the famous mathematician, physicist, and philosopher. His major philosophical work “Meditations on first philosophy” is very mathematics inclined metaphysics, which was written in specific style that needs reader to reflect on it. This essay will be about my reflection on the second meditation from this work. Firstly, I will write the reflection and then will conclude by the giving context to it. As in ancient time Archimedes seek to find at least one immovable, stable point in order to move the entire world, Descartes was looking to find at least one thing in which he could be certain about. So that he began to assume that everything in this world is false and he cannot be sure about it; he is being deceived and actually he did not have any senses and memory. No one can be certain about even unchangeable things such as shapes, places and extension, hence they always change and being false. ...read more.


However, then he assumed that the highest power in the world is an Evil God who deceives him, so there is no confidence about the existence of body and the soul. After he finds his «Archimedean point», - the understanding that «I» always exist - he recognizes that the only thing making this point to be is the idea, or thinking. Thinking that is not separable from the I: so I am and I exist as long as I think that I exist. Even if the Evil God deceives him, there is an immovable and firm I for Descartes that is being deceived. It can be concluded that «At least I know that I am something». Then in order to understand the concept of the «Descartes' Archimedean point» better he suggests to look at it from the different angle, or by looking at corporeal things that can be examined by senses, as they are better known than the surreal «I» and gives an example of the wax. ...read more.


At the second meditation he speaks on the topic of the beginning of the understanding of what is certain, through the finding the most certain thing in the world ? ?I am?, and the nature of the thinking of people, that it is the most important in identification of certainty. The third meditation talks about the first cause of the all ideas in the world. According to Descartes, cause must be at least as real as or more real than the effect, so that idea could be created only by something that is significantly more than it, so he assumes that it is the God. Before he was saying that God is evil and deceiving, but in Meditation five he says that God is not deceiving, but all-powerful and the most perfect one of all. In his work Descartes clearly showed his genius of a philosopher, applying understandable examples explaining the essential knowledge of our nature and universe. ...read more.

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