• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Religion and Morality

Extracts from this document...


Religion and Morality (a) Examine the reasons for the view that morality is based upon religion. Many people believe that morality is based upon religion and based on the rules written in the Bible and other holy books. Although, some say that religion is completely opposed to morality and it is wrong to mix the two. Dostoevsky argued that 'religion provides people with a reason to be moral because if there were no God everything would be permitted.' Meaning that there is no point to morality if God didn't set the moral values in the first place. But we could also say that we only behave morally because we are scared of God: 'responsibility and guilt point to God' which is not the right way to think about doing good. We shouldn't behave well in the hopes of a reward or because we are scared, we should do good things because we want to. ...read more.


But more and less are predicted of different things according as they resemble in their different ways something which is the maximum... so that there is something which is the truest, something best, something noblest... Therefore there must also be something to which all beings the cause their being, goodness, and every other perfection and this we call God". Aquinas based this argument on Plato's theory of eternal forms. 'Eternal forms' were Plato's idea that we are pale reflections of God's goodness. Kant's moral law demands that humans aim for the 'summum bonum' (virtue crowned with happiness). He believed it was impossible to achieve it in this life and therefore there must be a God and an afterlife in order for us to accomplish this. (b) Examine and consider the view that morality is independent of religion. Many believe that morality and religion are independent of each other as a lot of the population are not religious yet still believe themselves to be moral. ...read more.


If a moral decision as been made by a religious person in the hope of getting a reward in the afterlife surely this makes the decision immoral? It could be said that an atheist who leads a very good life is more moral than a Christian as they are not doing they're actions in the hopes of a reward at the end. In conclusion I believe that Dostoevsky makes a very good point in saying that anything is permitted if there is no God because without God who do we have to prove anything to? You could even go as far as to say what is the point of living if anything goes, as there would be no boundaries, nothing would be untried and we would eventually run out of things to prove to something that isn't there. I admit there are flaws in religion and certain issues surrounding it may need to be brought up to date, but without religion we may not have the socially acceptable set of moral laws we have today. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Practical Questions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Practical Questions essays

  1. (a) Examine the reasons why some argue that morality is linked ...

    The New Testament continues this pattern. In the Sermon on the Mount Jesus declares that he has come not to abolish the Law but to fulfil it (Matthew 5: 17). The so-called 'Golden Rule' - ' In everything do to others as you would have them do to you; for this is the law and the prophets' (Matthew 7:12)

  2. Discuss some of the issues raised in Meta-Ethics. How convincing is the view that, ...

    It pulls on the emotions. Certainly, Stevenson suggested one's moral code is an emotional response - one simply 'feels' something is good or bad. Again, then, it is impossible to say that when we talk of morality, we talk of facts because, as 'Emotivism' shows, individual feelings differ and, therefore,

  1. "Humanitarian intervention, which is ruled out by realism and the morality of states, can ...

    shock the moral conscience of mankind."5 The government and the individuals of rich and powerful states, those who actually hold the power to make a difference, ought to help individuals no matter where they are. There is then the argument about distance, and how far one should go to help

  2. Evaluate Korsgaard's discussion of the Universalizability Argument. In what ways does she conform with ...

    If it can be willed as a law it is a reason and therefore the agent can will it, can endorse it in effect. It can be endorsed because it now has in itself intrinsic normative structure. If it cannot be willed as a law, the reflective mind rejects it, and it gets obligation.

  1. Humans are Eternal Beings

    Most people never achieve this direction and allow their lives to be dominated by physical needs and sense pleasures. For instance, you really crave a cigarette, but your mind knows that smoking is bad for your health. 'The Republic', shows a more in depth look at the soul, now: reason, emotion, and base appetites.

  2. Anaylse of the critiques of Religion and Morality.

    For why praise him for what he has done if he would be equally praiseworthy in doing exactly the contrary.' Ultimately, even if moral values from an atheist perspective are relative, and therefore derived by the subjective self, it still leaves the dilemma that religious objective moral values lead to a subjective choice of a deity.

  1. The arguments for and against the view that morality is dependant on religion, and ...

    Or do you weigh up different parts of text to best suit your situation? Natural moral law, a deontological theory of St Thomas Aquinas, he believed that humans should act in a way that glorifies God, as He is the creator.

  2. Examine the key ideas of one critique of the link between religion and morality. ...

    Christians are reduced to acting out of fear of divine punishment in order to gain eschatological reward. This presents the question of whether their actions are truly moral, if their motives are tainted.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work