• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Religion and Morality

Extracts from this document...


Religion and Morality (a) Examine the reasons for the view that morality is based upon religion. Many people believe that morality is based upon religion and based on the rules written in the Bible and other holy books. Although, some say that religion is completely opposed to morality and it is wrong to mix the two. Dostoevsky argued that 'religion provides people with a reason to be moral because if there were no God everything would be permitted.' Meaning that there is no point to morality if God didn't set the moral values in the first place. But we could also say that we only behave morally because we are scared of God: 'responsibility and guilt point to God' which is not the right way to think about doing good. We shouldn't behave well in the hopes of a reward or because we are scared, we should do good things because we want to. ...read more.


But more and less are predicted of different things according as they resemble in their different ways something which is the maximum... so that there is something which is the truest, something best, something noblest... Therefore there must also be something to which all beings the cause their being, goodness, and every other perfection and this we call God". Aquinas based this argument on Plato's theory of eternal forms. 'Eternal forms' were Plato's idea that we are pale reflections of God's goodness. Kant's moral law demands that humans aim for the 'summum bonum' (virtue crowned with happiness). He believed it was impossible to achieve it in this life and therefore there must be a God and an afterlife in order for us to accomplish this. (b) Examine and consider the view that morality is independent of religion. Many believe that morality and religion are independent of each other as a lot of the population are not religious yet still believe themselves to be moral. ...read more.


If a moral decision as been made by a religious person in the hope of getting a reward in the afterlife surely this makes the decision immoral? It could be said that an atheist who leads a very good life is more moral than a Christian as they are not doing they're actions in the hopes of a reward at the end. In conclusion I believe that Dostoevsky makes a very good point in saying that anything is permitted if there is no God because without God who do we have to prove anything to? You could even go as far as to say what is the point of living if anything goes, as there would be no boundaries, nothing would be untried and we would eventually run out of things to prove to something that isn't there. I admit there are flaws in religion and certain issues surrounding it may need to be brought up to date, but without religion we may not have the socially acceptable set of moral laws we have today. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Practical Questions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Practical Questions essays

  1. Anaylse of the critiques of Religion and Morality.

    Claiming an action is in the 'name of God' is the very reason why some quite terrible atrocities have been carried out around the world and throughout history; this was particularly the reason for 9/11, the inquisition or crusades. Bertrand Russell in 'why I am not a Christian' argues that

  2. The arguments for and against the view that morality is dependant on religion, and ...

    For IVF a sample of male sperm needs to be produced, this is done by masturbation, and according to the deontological absolutist view of natural moral law, this is wrong, as it does not lead to "continuation of the species through reproduction," masturbation in this sense can be seen as

  1. (a) Examine the reasons why some argue that morality is linked ...

    The New Testament continues this pattern. In the Sermon on the Mount Jesus declares that he has come not to abolish the Law but to fulfil it (Matthew 5: 17). The so-called 'Golden Rule' - ' In everything do to others as you would have them do to you; for this is the law and the prophets' (Matthew 7:12)

  2. Religion and Morality

    This is supported by philosophers such as John Newman who states that feelings of responsibility and guilt point to God, and by D.I Trethowan, who suggests that an awareness of obligation is an awareness of God. Aii) Morality as independent from Religion A belief in morality as being totally independant

  1. Is there a link between Morality and Religion?

    You neighbour might start torturing their pet, you however refused saying you cared for you pet and would not want to hurt it. Would you consider yourself and neighbour to have equally moral principles just because a deity claimed there was no problem with torturing you pet?

  2. Describe Kant’s theory of Duty as the basis of morality (33 marks).

    He said that humans are rational beings, we are all capable of resolving problems using reason.

  1. "Humanitarian intervention, which is ruled out by realism and the morality of states, can ...

    In the instance of Kosovo, the issue of culture was not clear-cut, as it was disputed whether or not Milosevic's actions were part of Serbian or Yugoslav culture. In reality, the question of cultural relativism really should not be applied, because of the nature of humanitarian intervention, as it is

  2. Examine the key ideas of one critique of the link between religion and morality. ...

    If God can no longer claim ultimate responsibility of control, his omnipotence is damaged because it means he is not ?all? powerful. Moreover, God depends on his goodness to the extent to which he conforms to an independent moral standard.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work