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Religious Studies Coursework- Islam

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Religious Studies Coursework- Islam A01: Explain the origins of the Quran and the importance with which it is regarded by Muslims The Quran is the Islamic Holy book. The word Quran means recitation and its verses are recited by Muslims throughout the world. The Quran was revealed to Prophet Muhammad in Ramadan, the holy month of the Islamic calendar, in the year 610CE. One night that came to be known as 'The night of power', when Prophet Muhammed was 40 years old, while meditating in his usual place, Cave Hira on Jabal-al-Nur ( mountain of light), he suddenly saw an angel appear before him. This angel was angel Jibr'eel (Gabriel). 'Read' said the angel. As prophet Muhammed was illiterate, he replied 'I am not a reader.' The angel squeezed him tight and repeated 'Read', Prophet Muhammed gave the same reply. After a third time of squeezing Muhammed, the angel said, 'Read in the name of your Lord who created, Created man from a clot of blood, Read, your Lord is most generous, Who taught by the pen, Taught man what he did not know.' (Quran 96:1-5) These were the first revealed verses of the Quran. The Quran was recorded as soon as it was revealed to the Prophet. It was written down in its original language Arabic, the only language according to Muslims, that the Quran can be fully understood in. ...read more.


(Quran 15:9) This quote clearly shows how important the Quran is it so important that Allah Himself guards it always and forever. The Quran is also very important simply for the fact that verses from it need to be memorized for Muslim prayer. Prophet Muhammed said in his last sermon, 'I leave behind two things, the Quran and Sunnah, follow these, and you will never go astray.' This quote clearly tells us that the Quran along with the Sunnah (teachings of the prophet) is the best guide we can have to living our lives as Allah intended- happily and peacefully. A02- How do the will of Allah and the teachings and example of prophet Muhammed affect the life of a Muslim in the twentieth century? The will of Allah and the teachings of prophet Muhammed affects the life of a Muslim in the twentieth century because of certain major issues, one of the most common being abortion. Abortion is the killing of an unborn child within the mother's womb. The Quran clearly condemns both the Killing of born and unborn children; however, Muslim scholars agree that the foetus becomes a human being after 120 days of contraception. Most traditional Muslim jurists claim that it is permissible to have an abortion for valid reasons during the first stage (first 120 days). This is largely based on this famous Hadith: 'Each of you is constituted in your mother's womb for forty days as a nuftah, then it becomes ...read more.


Other people say' No, it wouldn't be more useful if it was translated into modern English, because it was revealed to us in Arabic, so we should leave it in its original language to be original, not authentic.' A big argument is that if the Quran was translated into modern English, more people are likely to convert to Islam because English is seen as a universal language for everyone, however Arabic is only for a few countries which makes Islam seem like a religion for only Arabic speakers. However, it is important that the Quran be kept in its original language because, everything happens for a reason-the Quran was given in Arabic for a reason, who are we to question Allah's decision or try to change what He has created. It is said that most of the world speaks English, not Arabic, so it could be useful if translated into English for non-Muslims who are curious about Islam and even students who would like to gain more knowledge on Islam. However, it is known that the Quran can only be understood in its original language, Arabic, if it was translated into modern English, many different people would start to have many different interpretations of its meaning, which would then cause arguments on which interpretation is right or wrong. My personal view on this topic is that I think the Quran should be kept in its original language, Arabic, as I believe it was revealed in Arabic for a reason known only to its creator, and Allah's word should not be tampered with. ...read more.

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