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Study the authorship of one book in the bible.

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Introduction

The Pastoral epistles are the letters of 1 Tim, 2 Tim, and Titus, which contain instructions and advice. These epistles are traditionally associated with the apostle Paul, however the authenticity of this authorship was brought into question in 1807 when scholars, such as Friedrich Schleiermacher and J.G. Eichhorn, began to point out the differences in style. Which suggested that Paul, was not in fact the author of the Pastoral Epistles. The Pastoral Epistles present a striking difference from the other epistles attributed to Paul. The epistles are addressed to Pauline delegates, giving instructions to them for when Paul is absent. These epistles present a very different authorial style than any other of Paul's epistles; this raises the question were the Pauline epistles written by Paul? The Deblius - Conzelmann commentary states that the language of 1 Tim, 2 Tim and Titus is a higher form of Hellenic Greek than the rest of the New Testament. The difference in language raises questions. Another issue that needs addressing is that the events portrayed in the pastorals do not directly correspond with the accounts of Paul's life in Acts. In addition all of Paul's writings are to congregations whereas the pastorals are to individuals; this seems unusual for the writing of Paul. Paul was a persecutor called Saul who actively opposed the new Christian religion. ...read more.

Middle

The table below illustrates Paul's joint authorship: The Letters of St. Paul Paul Paul, Silvaneus, & Timothy Paul & Sosthanes Paul and Timothy Paul and Brothers 1 Timothy * 2 Timothy * Titus * Romans * 1Corinthians * 2Corinthians * Galatians * Ephesians * * Philippians 1Thessalonians * 2Thessalonians * Philemon * Hebrew * (unknown) Colossians * Prior argued that because Paul mainly wrote letters with others hence it is perfectly feasible to suggest that the Pastoral Epistles are the most truthful to Paul's penmanship, as the others may have been affected by the influence of Paul's writing companions. Another solution is that the Pastoral Epistles were written pseudo-graphically. It is thought that the writer of the Pastoral Epistles wrote them with the requirements of the church in his day, and devised three forged letters giving advice to his aides. The author used several literary devices to create the impression that Paul was writing: firstly ensuring it was normal Pauline letter writing, this includes the address, greeting and personal details. Secondly he created such texts as II Tim 4.13, 1.4 to add appeal to Paul's everyday needs and to strengthen the fiction. He also rooted the church offices of his own day to the personal bond between Timothy and Paul. H.J Holtzmann gave "the most serious assault on the authenticity of the pastorals"3. ...read more.

Conclusion

The bible is becoming more and more inaccessible as time moves on, and although taking Paul's name was unwise, it may have been the only way that followers would have listened and understood their faith in relation to the operation of the church. If we know that it is inauthentic then this may encourage the church now to relate bible stories in a more modern context as well; this may open the beliefs of Christianity to more people, as the stories are more understandable. It is also important in our understanding of the formation of the church in terms of structure and preaching. If Paul were not the author of the Pastoral Epistles then the way in which Christians practice faith does not have to be so rigid with the ways set out in the bible. The authorship of the Pastoral Epistles does matter - Christianity has its foundations in the word of the bible and hence must be sure of all its origins today, meaning the questionable authorship of 1Tim, 2 Tim, and Titus is still worthy of valid debate in present times. 1 P.N. Harrison. 2 Paul the letter writer - 2. Statistical Methods and the pastoral epistles - Michael Prior CM 3 Paul the letter writer - Michael Prior CM 4 Paul the letter writer - 1. The problem of the Pastoral Epistles. Michael Prior - CM 5 1 Tim 6:20 6 Paul the letter writer - 1. The problem of the Pastoral Epistles. Michael Prior CM ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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