• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

summary of the design argument

Extracts from this document...


Examine the main strengths and weaknesses of the design argument for the existence of God. (21 marks) The design argument , otherwise known as the teleological argument, for many people provides a strong basis for belief in the existence of God. It is an a posteriori argument as it is based on experience and observation. The argument demands that there are certain features within our universe that display strong, deliberate design that could not be the result of mere coincidence. The teleological argument believes that this conscious and almost calculated design can only be explained by the presence of an intelligent and personal designer. For countless people, this is God. There are various well-known forms of the teleological argument and I will touch upon what I consider to be the most vital, in order to examine the main strengths and weakness of this argument as a claim for God's existence. To begin with I will look to the works of Thomas Aquinas in order to strengthen the teleological argument as a proof of God's existence. In his most famous work, "Summa Theologica" he provides five ways for the existence of God, in which he believes God is revealing true qualities. ...read more.


Upon stumbling across a watch, built with such complex and calculated design, you would have to infer that it had a designer- Paley maintains that we must also infer that our intricate world must have a designer. Paley explains how the world is made up of such detailed parts, all of which work towards a goal for the benefit of the whole. William Paley's theory is a strong one as it demonstrates how all of the small adaptations in nature are proof of an intelligent designer. Expanding on William Paley's theory; even the atheist philosopher David Hume acknowledged that "A purpose, an intention, a design, strikes everywhere the most careless, the most stupid thinker". We must acknowledge the immense design and order in our universe, and this is the strongest proof of God's existence. F R Tennant would have agreed as he said that the rules and natural laws of science and maths, show the world to be orderly and not chaotic. Tennant explained that things appear so precisely that they suggest deliberate design, "fluke or fortuitous events can be ruled out". Also, any signs of chaos are simply consequences of a rule maker ensuring that everything in the universe can be explained rationally. ...read more.


Therefore religious beliefs about the existence of God arise from a natural desire to blame natural problems on invisible forces, instead of examining them scientifically or at least rationally. To expand, Kant argued that it is human nature to impose order upon things. As humans we try to look for order and regularity, we would impose order on whatever universe we were in, be it orderly or chaotic. A main weakness of the design argument is the acknowledgement of universal design but the dismissal of a God-imposed design. Aside from all else mentioned, it is so very obvious that the design argument can only be seen as flawed when considering Darwin's theory of evolution. Evolution, science and natural selection outweigh any possibility of a designer of any kind. Evolution provides us with a much more verifiable and rational account of how the universe and all species within it display order and purpose. Science provides a more logical account of creation compared to the design argument because it holds no responsibility of the imperfections in the world. Whereas the design argument is contrary to the classical theistic view of God; if there is a conscious designer of our universe (God) then He cannot be omniscient and benevolent. He cannot be classical theistic God. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Assess What Can Be Concluded From The Teleological Argument

    This does not discount the teleological argument as who designed the world initially and the humans in which to care for it? If the universe didn't fit together then it simply would not be a universe. The theory of Epicurean Hypothesis states that infinite particles all in motion must eventually

  2. Assess the view that the design argument provides a convincing proof for the existence ...

    So, Hume rejects the idea of an omnipotent, external designer, in favour of a being we can relate to as humans. However, this argument is easily counter-criticised. A perfect human, by definition, cannot exist and even if a human did have the power to create the universe, this idea can

  1. Outline the teleological proof of the existence of God

    This argument is devastating because Mill himself comes from a religious background so it would shake himself as a person because it is damaging to his own faith. Darwin's challenge is that natural selection can account for the diversity of the universe and just by looking at somewhere like the

  2. The Design Argument

    The Bible states that we are made in God's image. Therefore, there are certain things that we will respond to. Also, evolutionists have difficulty accounting for apparent design in objects like the eye, the heart, and the brain where many different parts come together to form the whole thing.

  1. "The design argument is challenged far more by science than by philosophy." Discuss with ...

    The challenges posed by Darwin in his theories of evolution and natural selection are not really that hard to answer for believers of the Design argument. They can just argue that God placed these processes on earth at the very beginning of existence and ever since there has been a kind of continuous process of design.

  2. Critically assess the design argument

    that the cause of this order is design and planning, he argued that order and design could have evolved. Similarly, Einstein is against the design argument as he argues that it is more probable that the universe came about by chance and is ruled by blind forces.

  1. Sartre is a very strong proponent of strong determinism, that is, he does not ...

    in order to manifest itself as adverse or helpful.2 This particular allegory seems to scream of the importance of how we can turn any sort of empirical obstacle into a preliminary choice that would help us form subsequent choices. For instance, if our goal was not to move the mountain

  2. A Critical Analysis of Lao Tzu's Tao Teh Ching - Chineses philosophy.

    When they have grown and tend to make a stir, It is time to keep them in their place by the aid of the nameless Primal Simplicity, Which alone can curb the desires of men. When the desires of men are curbed, there will be peace, and the world will

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work