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The Design Argument

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Introduction

The Design Argument In this essay I intend to look at the Design Argument in depth. I will outline the key features of the Design Argument, looking at the historical aspects, the modern version (including the anthropic principle) and the important people in the Argument for Design;, such as William Paley and David Hume. I will then examine the strengths and weaknesses, and evaluate. The Design Argument is also known as the Teleological Argument coming from the Greek word 'telos' meaning 'end' or 'purpose'. It is a form of natural theology based on reason rather than special revelation. Its basis is on the evidence of design that people can see in the world around them. The biblical writers assume that the world exhibits order and design and is the 'handiwork' of the Creator (God). Quote: 'For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualities - his eternal power and divine nature - have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse'. The Argument from Design originated with Thomas Aquinas. Aquinas said that nature points to the notion of order in that things seem to have an innate sense of purpose/design. ...read more.

Middle

It states that how even a slight change in the way the world is made up then intelligent life would have been unlikely to develop. This theory is often labeled 'the new design theory. Tennant argued that there were 3 types of natural evidence in the world to favor a natural designer: * The world can be analysed in a rational manner. * The fact and way in which the inorganic world sustains life. * The fact that evolution has moved towards intelligent life. The Design Arguments main strength is of being based on empirical observation rather than the abstract reasoning found in arguments like the ontological argument, and, to a lesser extent, the cosmological argument. The evidence that supports the Design argument can be seen in the world around us. This argument is simple to understand. It is very logical and has value since humans are designers by nature and it is natural to think in terms of things having purpose. It is also strong because it is consistent with Scripture: Quote: "For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse." ...read more.

Conclusion

Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution/Natural Selection is important as it gives an explanation to what has happened that does not include God. The theory is that animals with the fittest genes (those which best suit its environment) survive and others are wiped out, hence giving the effect/image of evolution over generations as they adapt to the precise conditions in which they live. There is no place for any designer, for God, in this theory. Darwin said that things such as the complex structure of the eye evolved as a progression of slight improvements in answer to anti-evolutionists argument that things such as the eye are too complicated too have evolved. In conclusion, I side with the critics of the design argument. I think that its key arguments are too easily picked apart and turned against it such as in the way which Hume did so. In my opinion as well, the universe and a watch are too dissimilar to be used to argue such a point. I also think that it has very little in defense against the theory of evolution/natural selection. The defense that complex structures such as the eye could not have evolved lacks foundations and I think that there is enough evidence of time in which a gradual progression of slight improvements (as Darwin said) could have lead to the evolution of the eye. ...read more.

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