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The key difference between someone using counselling skills and a qualified and trained counsellor is that 'the counsellor is bound by a code of ethics and practice and carries a set of professional responsibilities' (1) Generally anyone can be trained

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Introduction

Assignment Unit 1: Professional Framework Report Assignment Contents: Criteria 1 Differences between a Person Using Counselling Skills and a Qualified and Trained Counsellor Criteria 2 The BACP Ethical Framework for Good Practice in Counselling and Psychotherapy Criteria 3 Comparison of BACP Framework to other Codes and Organisational Requirements Criteria 4 Key Issues Criteria 5 Safety Criteria 6 Importance of Casework and Managerial Supervision Bibliography Criteria 1 Differences between a Person Using Counselling Skills and a Qualified and Trained Counsellor The key difference between someone using counselling skills and a qualified and trained counsellor is that 'the counsellor is bound by a code of ethics and practice and carries a set of professional responsibilities' (1) Generally anyone can be trained to use counselling skills however often they use them in the context of their own environment i.e. Nurses use skills at work but are bound by their own employer's set of standards and practices, therefore counselling skills can be subject to a conflict in interests e.g. a Nurse who has used counselling skills with a patient may be obliged to disclose information given if their employer's guidelines dictate so i.e. the patient discloses that they are HIV Positive. This conflict of interest, on the whole, does not exist with the trained and qualified counsellor, so the client retains the confidence that what is being said is confidential and will not be repeated outside of the session. The other aspect of professional counselling is the 'Contract' this allows for the counsellor to agree boundaries with the client and notes when confidentiality may be broken, it also outlines both what the clients and counsellor's expectations of the relationship will be. ...read more.

Middle

Criteria 4 Key Issues The issues which are key to the ethical framework are as follows: * Professional Conduct The framework states that 'all clients are entitled to good standards of practice and care'* and that this requires practitioners to maintain 'professional competence; good relationships with clients and colleagues; and commitment to and observance of professional ethics*'. Counsellors specifically are required to: o Attend Supervision o Keep the Clients trust o Keep up to date with training and workshops o Be compliant to any new or existing legislation * Ethical Issues A selection of ethical principles has been devised in order for guidance in ethical issues; Counsellors can refer to these principles in making ethical decisions and as long as the decision is 'strongly supported by one or more of these principles'* without contradiction, it is regarded as reasonably well founded. Principles are described as: o Fidelity o Autonomy o Beneficence o Non-maleficence o Justice o Self Respect * Confidentiality Trust is the most vital element in a successful relationship between a client and counsellor therefore it is important that clients be informed at the contracting stage of the relationship of any circumstances where confidentiality may be breached. It is also important to note with the client that should such a breach be required that their consent would wherever possible still be sought. * Boundaries Boundaries are in put into place to outline the relationship between the client and the counsellor, in order for both parties to be aware of what is expected of them. ...read more.

Conclusion

Having minimised potential hazards in the room and organised procedures for dealing with such behaviour limits risk to both parties. It is important to note though that overt measures such as using a desk as a physical barrier between you and the client will have an opposite reaction; leaving the client feeling vulnerable and not trusted; so measures taken need to address this factor. For Emotional and mental safety of both the client and the counsellor it is important that: o The counsellor regularly attends Supervision o Abides by the BACP Ethical Framework o Make appropriate referrals o Is clear in the contracting stage about expectations and what is on offer Criteria 6 Importance of Casework and Managerial Supervision Casework/Supervision Casework or Supervision is a 'formal arrangement for counsellors to discuss their work regularly with someone who is experienced in counselling and supervision' (2). The Supervision process allows Counsellors to discuss there own feelings towards clients dilemmas and allow the Supervisor to confront, discuss in detail and monitor issues surrounding the relationship between counsellor and client. The monitoring of the relationship ensures that it remains effective and ensures adherence to ethical standards. Managerial Supervision The managerial supervisor's priorities lay with the organisation needs, specifically they are concerned with: o Staffing Levels o Client Numbers o Client Turnover o Fees and Budgets o Statistics They may also carry out a client assessment to see whether a client meets the criteria of the service provisions given. Managerial supervision effectively removes some of the tasks required by an organisation from Counsellors and allows them to concentrate their activity purely on their service to clients. ...read more.

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