• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Theories of Resurrection of the body are logically coherent - Discuss

Extracts from this document...


Theories of Resurrection of the body are logically coherent - discuss. The idea of bodily resurrection remains a 'grey' area for many philosophers, this is why there's such a variation between interpretations of post-mortem existence, or even doubt as to whether there is an existence after life, as we know it. The nature of this topic is complex since there's no way to gain eschatological proof to verify or falsify any theories of post-mortem existence. There are four main types of life after death incorporating a disembodied existence or survival of the body: Bodily Resurrection, Dualism, Monism and Reincarnation. A large part of Christianity is the belief that death is not the end, but merely the end to physical life and the beginning to a new stage of life. Christian's believe that when we die there is a 'particular judgement', where God judges us on our actions throughout our life, upon this judgement humans will either be rewarded in Heaven or punished in Hell, depending on how moral they've been. The Bible mentions how following the death there will be a resurrection, but it doesn't state whether this will be physical or spiritual. ...read more.


Other Dualists such as Descartes and Kant have also distinguished the body from the soul. Descartes famously said 'I think therefore I am', he demonstrates how we consider ourselves thinking beings distinct from the body. Kant also suggests that the soul is for thinking, but refers to this as 'reason'. Kant suggests how we need to separate the soul from the bodily desires to make reasonable moral decisions, so the soul can reach Summon Bonum (the Supreme Happiness). Following these beliefs, both Plato and Price deduced that the soul/mind will live on because the body is finite. This implies that theories that suggest bodily resurrection are incoherent, since it is the soul/mind, which are eternal, and that body is finite and therefore cannot exist after death. Whilst other dualists such as Descartes and Kant, believed that the 'thinking' or 'reasoning' function of the soul makes it superior from the body, and thus they also would believed that bodily resurrection is incoherent because it is the soul that is capable of a post-mortem existence. Alternatively, Monists would believe that any belief in the afterlife is incoherent, disagreeing with Christianity, Hick and Dualists. ...read more.


Both these religious theories follow the idea of karma and suggest an almost dualist distinction of body and 'soul' (self/consciousness). Both would call the idea of bodily resurrection logically incoherent since they're monotheistic and follow their religious doctrines, through meditation and 'indoctrination' of texts. However, arguably the lack of eschatological proof makes these religious theories just as incoherent since there is no proof to verify faith. On balance, I think the four main theories on the afterlife: bodily resurrection, dualism, rebirth and monism, could all be deemed illogical and incoherent by an opposing theory, principally since the nature of this topic makes all theories unverifiable. However, at the same time Hick claims that his argument is coherent since it cannot be falsified, and covers all the 'gaps' in his argument by claiming that we'll find out eschatologically, whilst Christianity claims an accessible personal relationship with God would be proof. Therefore, I think for Christians and supporters of Hick their theories may seem logical and coherent, but for other theories there may seem a lack of proof and thus deem bodily resurrection as illogical and incoherent; I this is because faith is unverifiable and ultimately no theory is more coherent than another. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Theories of the resurrection of the body are logically coherent.

    4 star(s)

    The soul is separate from the body being immortal but is incarnated within the mortal body. Therefore, at death, the body ceases to exist, whereas, the soul goes on existing. This way a dualist who believes in the reality of the soul can argue against the resurrection of the body whilst, at the same time, arguing for life after death.

  2. An embodied life in heaven is entirely possible. Discuss.

    A world where perfect examples of everyday things exist eternally. Things in the everyday world share in the idea of the "form" but are not eternal or perfect. These ideas are not physical things, so they belong to a spiritual realm of reality.

  1. Plato & The Soul

    for his conclusion, rather than seeking a conclusion based on all of his own logic.

  2. Body soul destinction

    From a religious view this is evidence for the replica theory as it appears that Jesus died and when he came back had the same physical appearance as well as the same personality. Identity theory puts forward a materialist view of the soul.

  1. The concept of disembodied existence is coherent - Discuss

    The central logical problem for materialist versions of the resurrection is personal identity. On dualist assumptions, personal identity is preserved by the persistence of the soul between death and resurrection. But for materialism, nothing bridges the spatio-temporal gap between the body that perishes and the resurrection body; how then can the "resurrected" person be identical with the person who died?

  2. Philosophy: Life After Death Analysis

    Being of a pre-quantum time, this lead Descartes to divide the universe into two basic substances - that which is matter and that which is mind. He arrived at the idea that both these substances existed due to a fundamental purpose - mind-material's purpose is to think, actual matter's is to take up space.

  1. The Concept of Life After Death is Incoherent - Discuss.

    of the dead went on to live in the Sheol (the place of shadows). This was the consequence of the 'Fall', the sins of Adam and Eve. By the time of Jesus, opinions were derived about the afterlife in Judaism.

  2. Examine the key concepts associated with two of the following: Immortality of the ...

    Resurrection comes from the Latin, resurrectus and it is the promise of post ? death existence in a re-created human body. A key feature of resurrection is that it is a monist theory, in that a physical body is required for redemption.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work