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There is no Reason to Assume I will exist after my Death.

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There is no Reason to Assume I will exist after my Death. Introduction The statement assumes that there is a standard belief in a life after death. The main issue when considering this assumption originates from the debate surrounding the mind and body argument. Life can be defined as a being having both a conscious and physical functioning. Death is the cessation of the physical body functioning, yet not necessarily the cessation of existence. Can existence be dependent on the physical body (materialism) or can one exist in a disembodied state after death due to the soul (dualism)? There is still the difficulty in defining the soul as, assuming the soul exist then it is still impossible to define it with precision. The 'concept' of the soul can be defined as what gives life to humans; it is the immaterial or spiritual part of an individual. Richard Dawkins would agree with this statement and I will build the main argument using his ideas. Dawkins is a materialist and this means that he doesn't believe in the existence of the soul. Therefore there is no chance in a life after death as there is nothing to exist after death, the mind dies with the physical body. ...read more.


This is an idea that again Dawkins completely dismissed as nonsense, due to the way he viewed religion and the existence of a God. Hick argued that: "The concept of the soul or mind was in fact not a spiritual 'ghost in the machine' but the more flexible and sophisticated ways in which humans behave and have the capacity to behave". Hick therefore believing that there was no question of there being a 'soul' that is distinct from the body, or that can survive death in a disembodied state. He argued that there was the possibility of an 'empirical meaning for the idea of life after death'. This is Hick's 'Replica Theory', that although a human by nature is mortal and subject to annihilation at death, God by an act of supreme power, resurrects the body. Upon death, God resurrects an exact psychophysical 'replica' of the deceased in another space to allow humans to fulfil their potential and making life meaningful. This resurrection in another space is the afterlife. Although Hick's theory isn't the same as Plato's or Descartes', Dawkins would use the same argument against them. Dawkins stated that the only possible concept that could be considered an afterlife is the idea that an individual can exist after death due to genetics. ...read more.


There are though, also reports of hellish realms and unbearable feelings of fear. These experiences can be interpreted not only as experiences of an afterlife, but experience of the realms, heaven and hell. Near death experiences can be considered reliable evidence as patients make true claims about things that occurred around them while they were clinically dead, and also the claim to have communicated with a relative that had just died and the patient hadn't known of the death. Richard Swinborne argues for the reliability of near death experiences, as he states how can we call someone a liar when it is his or her experience? The only thing we can question here is their interpretation of the experience, not the actual experience itself. Near death experiences seem to be the strongest actual evidence of life after death as it is not easy to dismiss them, yet they could be hallucinations occurring before the body is completely 'dead'. It is however commented that how can so many people have the same experience of a supposed afterlife? I would dismiss this question by saying everyone has a concept of heaven and hell or what else might happen after death, could it not be possible that a near death experience is a mind creating a hallucination from these concepts as a final thought? ...read more.

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