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This is regarded by many as the foundation pillar, because if this is not accepted it is not possible for the other pillars to be followed.

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Pillar 1 Shahadah This is regarded by many as the foundation pillar, because if this is not accepted it is not possible for the other pillars to be followed. The bearing of witness or declaration of faith. It is a creed of Islam and outlines some of the beliefs, "I believe that there is no god but Allah, Muhammad is the messenger of god". It is repeated as the first thing a new-born baby hears, repeated first thing in the morning upon waking, repeated last thing before sleeping and are the last words uttered to or by the dying. It has important values such as people showing their belief in Allah and accepting to submit to his will. And secondly to value Muhammad as the final prophet (the seal of the prophets), to follow his example (Sunnah), and to follow his sayings (hadith). Pillar 2 Salah This is praying 5 times a day. First of all the Muezzin gives the first call to prayer from the Minaret. The first call is the adhan and the second is from inside the prayer hall and is called the iqamah, this shows how important Muslims place praying as they make sure that everyone knows about it. The 5 set prayers and prayer calls have special names, the 1st is between the first light of day and sunrise, Salat-ul-Fajr. The 2nd the Salat-ul-zuhr is after the sun has left the midst of the sky. The 3rd the Salat-ul-Asr is between mid afternoon and sunset. The 4th the Salat-ul-maghrib is between sunset and the last light of day. And the 5th is between darkness of dawn. The fact that they prey 5 times a day every day shows ongoing commitment and self-discipline. They all pray together facing Mecca, shoulder to shoulder, which is very important as it shows brotherhood and unity, (Ummah). Also the facing towards Mecca shows their belief in Muhammad as the final and most important prophet, as this was where he set up the first Mosque, and rid out of all idols. ...read more.


It is about being accountable for things and forgiveness of sins. Stoning at Mina- this is throwing seven stones at some pillars in a pit. This is the importance of withstanding temptation, which is sent by the devil. And submitting to Allah's will. Sacrifice at Mina- this is sacrificing a goat remembering how Ibrahim was prepared to sacrifice his son for Allah, but Allah let him kill a sheep instead. This values sacrificing things for your religion, and the reward for the faithful. Section B Pillar 1: Shahadah This creed saying, "I believe there is no god but Allah, Muhammad is the messenger of god." It is repeated first thing in the morning upon waking, last thing before going to sleep, the first words said to a new-born baby, the last words said to or by the dying and during their prayers. Because it is said so much, it is constantly reminding them of Allah and what their devotion to Islam is all about. This means that Allah is always in their thoughts so they will think about what Allah wants them to do, so they will always follow Allah's will. Pillar 2: Salah This is prayer 5 times a day. It is began by a ritual wash, which involves washing various parts of the body three times. This affects them because they wash at least 5 times a day; it is so they can smell the sweet scent of heaven and forget about the world they are in at the moment. Then when they are in a fit mental state to pray they enter the prayer hall and whip out their prayer mats. They face the Ka'bah in the First Mosque in Mecca, and put them down. They then, lead by the Imam (prayer leader), begin the rakkah. After they have done the rakkah once they have done this once, they do it again for a second time. ...read more.


For example the paying of the Zakah is very clearly illustrated, so it is obvious what to do. It provides a set structure for Muslims' lives, how to live their lives and spend their money. Also, very importantly, it avoids any confusion over the right way to worship Allah, or how to be a committed Muslim. This is very important in Islam, because the Qur'an is not allowed to be officially translated into any other language (other than Arabic) to avoid any mistranslations and confusion. Also essentially for Muslims if they know exactly what to do, then they wont' give in to temptation, as this is one of the biggest sins in Islam. Disadvantages In non-Muslim countries it is very hard for Muslims. During Ramadan when shops don't shut during daylight hours this can be very hard. And there may not be a Mosque anywhere near where they live. In Muslim countries there is practically a Mosque on every street corner. It is a very strict structure, which doesn't allow for modern life. As Muslims must pray five times a day, it may become a habit and lose its meaning, which would defeat the whole object of praying in the first place. If Muslims just follow the five pillars they may be lead to think that they have achieved more than they actually have. For example they may think that they have achieved eternal life when they haven't. As there are other things in Islam to follow such as Mohammed's hadiths. Also it restricts their freedom to worship Allah in their own way and their general freedom of expression. Conclusion I think that a strict structure is a good idea in someways, as it does give some obvious guidelines. But for me it is very important to be able to express yourself in any way that you wish. So in my opinion, that is too restrictive, and a bad idea. Also it is just not practical for some people in non-Muslim countries to do some of the things involved, so the rules need to be more flexible to allow for modern life. ...read more.

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