• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent do modern virtue ethics address the weaknesses of Aristotles teachings virtue? (35 marks)

Extracts from this document...


Sam Casson/Page of To what extent do modern virtue ethics address the weaknesses of Aristotle?s teachings virtue? (35 marks) ________________ Aristotelian Virtue ethics is the most developed of the classical philosophy. Virtue Ethics is concerned with the development of ?virtues? within a moral agent. Aristotle argues that a ?virtue? is an ethical quality that lies between excess and deficiency. His book ?Nicomachean Ethics? features a table of personality traits in which there is ?excess? and ?deficiency? and the doctrine of the mean, which outlines the optimum development of an ethical quality, but it is relative to the people involved, it is described in the book as ?that which is neither excessive nor deficient, and this is not one and the same for all?. One example he uses in the table of virtues is ?Shame?, in which shamelessness is excessive and shyness is deficient while modesty lies between them and is the doctrine of the mean. In modern times, Scholars have criticised Aristotle?s Virtue ethics for being too relative, vague and self-centred. Many Modern Ethicists have written their own theories of virtue ethics to try and address some of the issues. ...read more.


If one advocates the principle of the greatest good for the greatest number and that food could go off; then surely if that food could do the ?greatest good? in the economically developed country that the agent lives in- then it should remain there- because none of it will go off. However, if in the long run, what is left of the food could feed 1000 people, who could eventually change the world- then the greatest good lies in giving the food to them. As explained in this paragraph, Franklin?s virtue ethics are less ambiguous then Aristotle?s, yet they still fail to provide real ethical guidance on how one should behave. Annette Baier and Micheal Slote argue that Aristotle?s Virtue ethics are outdated, and that they do not account for today?s social values. Annette Baier?s ?Ethics of Care? is a theory of Virtue Ethics that aims to address Aristotle?s theories outdated nature. She is a feminist Philosopher who argues that Aristotle?s virtues are androcentric because Aristotle was a man and therefore he thinks of Ethics in his own terms. She argues that terms such as autonomy or justice are male, whereas terms such as caring are female. ...read more.


He describes being virtuous as ?more than having a particular habit of acting eg. Generosity, it means having a fundamental set of related virtues that enable a person to live and act morally?. An issue with both Keenan?s and Aristotle?s teachings of virtue is that a person develops virtues to behave morally, as such they develop the virtue out of their own self-interest, rather than a desire to do good. For example if one develops the virtue of Fidelity, they do it out of their own self-interest- rather than to benefit others, but the acts it produces are moral within themselves. 30/35 Recommendations from teacher: Introduction: Loose the first sentence. First paragraph: ?whereabouts of virtue?. Needs to be followed with this means? for example? and then why is it for CA marks. Second paragraph: to develop comments on Slote. General conclusion comments: ?You have presented some very good ideas. Well explain subject knowledge and good use of evidence and examples. Some good criticism and some good CA, but more of this is needed- see first paragraph. Much more succinct this time; this is excellent?. A01- KNOWLEDGE MARKS 18/21 A02- EVALUATION MARKS 12/14 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Practical Questions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Practical Questions essays

  1. Utilitarianism VS Kantian Deontological Ethics

    funerals as they exist at the moment would cease to be convention. People would most probably mourn in their own homes, which would be fine, and thus the only rebound from telling your relatives you don't want to come would be emotional feelings, which are according to Kant, is not morality and therefore irrelevant in this case.

  2. "Virtue ethics is of little use when dealing with sexual ethics". Discuss - 35 ...

    Therefore, it should be taught universally that child molesting isn't right so people won't grow up thinking someone virtuous does such a thing and follows their example. Michael Slote, a virtue ethicist took a different approach and emphasised the importance of care in a relationship.

  1. Business Ethics

    A marketing research ethical approach is required so that the desired marketing research task is completed in the right manner and the results are a true indicator of the sample set evaluated. Results of the research are strong indicators of what is happening now or might happen in the future.

  2. explain aristotle's virtue theory

    He then went on to say about the soul. The soul can be divided into two separate parts- rational and irrational. Rational can then be subdivided into calculative and scientific. Scientific is the part of the mind that grasps knowledge of facts, and calculative is the section which makes us

  1. Ethical Criticism of McDonalds

    Over the 50 years, 'the McDonald's Corporation has traveled from pioneer of a new and uniquely American eating experience, to icon of the global appeal of American capitalism, to perhaps one of the most despised corporate symbols in the history of private enterprise' (Baker, 2005).

  2. Critically Asses Virtue Theory & Explain the concept of a miracle

    Another problem with the theory is how to distinguish which virtues are most valuable and therefore the virtues which must be cultivated, someone who is considered as a virtuous role model for one person, may not be desirable for another.

  1. Examine the key features of Virtue Ethics

    Mill labelled intellectual activities as high forms, and behaviors such as gluttony as low forms. Aristotle believed that these high virtues are what separate us from animals, as the difference between humans and animals is the human ability to reason.

  2. Explain the theory of Virtue Ethics

    Aristotle said that a virtue was a ?Golden Mean? in between to vices. These ?Vices? are two extremes of a scale at opposite ends, one of excess and one of deficiency. For example the vices would be shamelessness and shyness, and the virtue modesty.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work