• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent do modern virtue ethics address the weaknesses of Aristotles teachings virtue? (35 marks)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Sam Casson/Page of To what extent do modern virtue ethics address the weaknesses of Aristotle?s teachings virtue? (35 marks) ________________ Aristotelian Virtue ethics is the most developed of the classical philosophy. Virtue Ethics is concerned with the development of ?virtues? within a moral agent. Aristotle argues that a ?virtue? is an ethical quality that lies between excess and deficiency. His book ?Nicomachean Ethics? features a table of personality traits in which there is ?excess? and ?deficiency? and the doctrine of the mean, which outlines the optimum development of an ethical quality, but it is relative to the people involved, it is described in the book as ?that which is neither excessive nor deficient, and this is not one and the same for all?. One example he uses in the table of virtues is ?Shame?, in which shamelessness is excessive and shyness is deficient while modesty lies between them and is the doctrine of the mean. In modern times, Scholars have criticised Aristotle?s Virtue ethics for being too relative, vague and self-centred. Many Modern Ethicists have written their own theories of virtue ethics to try and address some of the issues. ...read more.

Middle

If one advocates the principle of the greatest good for the greatest number and that food could go off; then surely if that food could do the ?greatest good? in the economically developed country that the agent lives in- then it should remain there- because none of it will go off. However, if in the long run, what is left of the food could feed 1000 people, who could eventually change the world- then the greatest good lies in giving the food to them. As explained in this paragraph, Franklin?s virtue ethics are less ambiguous then Aristotle?s, yet they still fail to provide real ethical guidance on how one should behave. Annette Baier and Micheal Slote argue that Aristotle?s Virtue ethics are outdated, and that they do not account for today?s social values. Annette Baier?s ?Ethics of Care? is a theory of Virtue Ethics that aims to address Aristotle?s theories outdated nature. She is a feminist Philosopher who argues that Aristotle?s virtues are androcentric because Aristotle was a man and therefore he thinks of Ethics in his own terms. She argues that terms such as autonomy or justice are male, whereas terms such as caring are female. ...read more.

Conclusion

He describes being virtuous as ?more than having a particular habit of acting eg. Generosity, it means having a fundamental set of related virtues that enable a person to live and act morally?. An issue with both Keenan?s and Aristotle?s teachings of virtue is that a person develops virtues to behave morally, as such they develop the virtue out of their own self-interest, rather than a desire to do good. For example if one develops the virtue of Fidelity, they do it out of their own self-interest- rather than to benefit others, but the acts it produces are moral within themselves. 30/35 Recommendations from teacher: Introduction: Loose the first sentence. First paragraph: ?whereabouts of virtue?. Needs to be followed with this means? for example? and then why is it for CA marks. Second paragraph: to develop comments on Slote. General conclusion comments: ?You have presented some very good ideas. Well explain subject knowledge and good use of evidence and examples. Some good criticism and some good CA, but more of this is needed- see first paragraph. Much more succinct this time; this is excellent?. A01- KNOWLEDGE MARKS 18/21 A02- EVALUATION MARKS 12/14 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Practical Questions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Practical Questions essays

  1. Utilitarianism VS Kantian Deontological Ethics

    less close relatives of your future absence from the proceedings as this could result in unwarranted concern. Kantian deontological ethics requires you to act so that you could universalise your maxim. The maxim in this case may be 'never do something that could lead to suicide', which, assuming you don't

  2. "Virtue ethics is of little use when dealing with sexual ethics". Discuss - 35 ...

    if we are to be considered as good people in relation to this topic. Virtue ethics then seems to imply that an action is right if it is what a virtuous person who exercises the virtues would characteristically do in a situation.

  1. Kant's theory of Ethics

    The second formulation is known as 'The Formula of the End in Itself' 'So act as to treat humanity, whether in thine own person or in that of any other, in every case as an end withal, never as a means only' (Fundamental Principles, page 47)

  2. Business Ethics

    To stand out from the rivals, some of the marketers offended the social responsibilities and business ethics just to obtain their marketing goals. The marketing ethical issue is under control by a set of law, while the purpose of law is not to make marketers or stakeholders in organization to

  1. Kantian Ethics and Universal Maxims

    represents the combination of virtue and happiness. * Everyone seeks the Summum Bonum. * What is sought must be achievable because the universe is fair. * The Summum Bonum is not achievable in this life. * So it is necessary to postulate a life after death which the Summum Bonum can be achieved.

  2. The Ethical Debate Concerning Cloning.

    At one time, hospitals were places where the victims of pulmonary tuberculosis came to spit their lives out. That common killer is now a thing of the past. But success has its price. One of our troubling problems is how to balance what we gain and what we lose when a new drug or therapeutic agent carries undesired side effects.

  1. explain aristotle's virtue theory

    He then went on to say about the soul. The soul can be divided into two separate parts- rational and irrational. Rational can then be subdivided into calculative and scientific. Scientific is the part of the mind that grasps knowledge of facts, and calculative is the section which makes us

  2. Examine the Strengths and Weaknesses of Kants Ethical Theory

    So for example, a Hypothetical imperative would force an action upon a being in certain circumstances i.e. 'If I wish to satisfy my thirst I must drink this water'. However, a Categorical Imperative is an absolute; it is an unconditional requirement that should have the authority in all circumstances, and is both required and justified as an end in itself.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work