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To What Extent Was Mohammad Ali Jinnah Responsible for The Foundation of Pakistan?

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To What Extent Was Mohammad Ali Jinnah Responsible for The Foundation of Pakistan? Pakistan was formed out of the northwest provinces of India which contained a majority of Muslim inhabitants and so became an independent Muslim state from Hindu India. Muslims had found it increasingly difficult to become apart of India with the dominant Hindu community discriminating against them, and so a state like Pakistan was sought for the interests of the Muslim Community. However, an ongoing question amongst historian considers who was responsible for the foundation of Pakistan and in particular, how responsible was the 'Qaid e azam.' Mohammad Ali Jinnah played a large role within Muslim politics, initially apart of The National India Congress and elected to the Imperial Legislative council. ...read more.


However, some also suggests that Jinnah merely delayed a Muslim state from forming in his constant fight for unity. Jinnah was first proclaimed as 'the best ambassador of Hindu-Muslim unity' as his first aim was to achieve Muslim-Hindu unity within India. This fight for equality was only discarded after Mohanda Gandhi and the India National Congress refused to form coalitions with the Muslim League within Indian provinces with a majority of Muslims. It is often suggested that this only slowed the development of a Muslim state and if it were not for Jinnah, a Muslim state would have been found much earlier. Perhaps evidentiary to this claim would be Jinnah's return to England and apparent desertion of the Muslim cause. ...read more.


Furthermore, the name Pakistan (Persian for Pure Land) was allegedly 'invented' by a group of Indian students and first ridiculed by Jinnah. However, the extensive work that Jinnah did do for the Muslim cause cannot be ignored. Despite his original aims of unity within India and his failure to form an alliance with the British government or form a real Muslim movement, Jinnah certainly worked hard for the Muslim state. Although Iqbal was the first to suggest it, Jinnah carried it through and battled against the Congress, Gandhi and Hindu press, in gathering supporters and making the idea a reality. Certainly, Jinnah was not independently responsible for the foundation of Pakistan but he played a substantial part. ?? ?? ?? ?? Becky Clark ...read more.

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