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'Utilitarianism works'. Assess this view

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Introduction

?Utilitarianism works? Asses this view ________________ Bentham created utilitarianism and Mill improved it. It main points are that human society exists to create happiness, that happiness is the highest goal and that everything needs to fit a purpose. The advantages of Bentham?s theory include a reasonable link between moralities, the pursuit of happiness and the avoidance of pain. According to Bowie it seems natural to consider the consequences when deciding our actions. He stated that ?Utilitarianism offers a balanced, democratic morality that promotes the general happiness?. Utilitarianism does not support individual pursuits which could be selfish that could cause an expense to the majority. Bowie says that ?It is a common sense system that is practically applicable to real life situations. ...read more.

Middle

This would cause a breakdown of the family. Something like this may seem innocent at the time but may greatly affect the future. Another problem with relying on consequences in order to judge what is morally acceptable is that consequences never seem to end. For example a child could be fiddling with a bracelet and it could break, those beads would roll all around the floor and someone would come fall over and break their leg. And due to them breaking their leg they cannot go to work which would leave them short of money which would lead to them becoming homeless ECT. This illustrates a point of how consequences can never end. Another problem with utilitarianism is that it is difficult to accurately measure pleasure as some peoples pleasure is another?s pain. ...read more.

Conclusion

McIntyre says ?The question can always be raised of how great the price is that is being paid for the happiness?. Finally Utilitarianism is dependent on people?s ability to know what gives the greatest happiness to the greatest number or what will be good. However what makes a person happy today may not make them happy in 10 year?s time. How can a person know what will give the greatest happiness to the greatest number without asking everyone what they think? This is impossible to do for every situation. To conclude I believe that utilitarianism can work in some situations but there are many flaws that can prevent it from being an efficient way to decide what to do in many situations. I believe that if a person were to follow utilitarianism then they would have to use some sort of common sense in some situations rather than following the rules of it all the time. ...read more.

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