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We are free to make ethical decisions, discuss

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Introduction

Fern Chambers We are free to make ethical decisions, discuss In this essay I aim to assess whether or not we are to make ethical decisions or if we have are predetermined and so therefore are not morally responsible for our actions. Hard Determinism states that everything in the universe, including our actions and choices, are predetermined, so meaning that everything that happens and has happened in our lives has already been chosen. With our increasing ability from subjects such as psychology, to explain human feelings and emotions, people have grown to believe that we, like everything else in the world, act in accordance laws. Hard determinism says that we are all a product of our genes, upbringing and surroundings. Hard determinism says that we are all a product of our genes, upbringing and surroundings. It is created from these things, so may be our actions and decisions. Locke gave the example of a man who wakes up in a room that, unknown to him, is locked from the outside. ...read more.

Middle

Did we not have a choice, then the idea of a mind and options would be meaningless and pointless. For example, a kleptomaniac may be inclined to steal, but they have a free choice in whether or not they choose to do so, they can choose to be influenced or not. Peter van inwaged uses the analogy of choosing which branch to go down when travelling a long a road. Libratarianism recognises that people experience making decisions; they experience freedom and have control over decisions in their life. Evidence of this is our society which is based on people having responsibility for their actions, for example, in law, a person can punished for a decision which they have made . We analyse our actions and ask if we did the right thing after acting - we could only do that if we had a choice. Heisenberg is found in modern physics and puts forward an uncertainty principle. The Uncertainty Principle states that we cannot know the location of particles in space, the same way events can be uncaused and human decisions can be uncaused. ...read more.

Conclusion

When we act we always think of ourselves as free. Kant says that freedom is a postulate of practical reason. It can be viewed that because some things can be proved to have been caused because of science, then we ourselves must have been cause.Soft determinism may be seen as the view that determinism is compatible with whatever sort of freedom is necessary for moral responsibility, when applied to science, such as physics, some events are not determined or random meaning that science cannot completely explain our world. In conclusion i think that we are free to make ethical decisions because although we can be swayed by other influences such as culture, family or friends. We have the decision to choose what we like. Did we not have a choice, there would be no options, and we would have no need for a mind. A person that has a gene which makes them likely to steal still has a choice, they may be inclined to do so but have the choice whether or not too. Therefore i believe we are free to make ethical decisions. ...read more.

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