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What are the advantages of utilitarianism

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Introduction

What are the advantages of utilitarianism? Utilitarianism is defined as the greatest good for the greatest number with pain over pleasure, this is important because otherwise it would be okay to torture convicted criminals just to get answers about other criminals, which is bad because you initially causing a person pain and that is immoral which is bad. Utilitarianism is a philosophical theory of morality and "how one should act". It states that one should act so as to maximize the amount of happiness in the world meaning focusing on the consequences of ones actions. The strengths of utilitarianism is that the theory is a better than many other theories when it comes to dealing with challenging moral dilemmas, cases in which it seems that, no matter how you choose to act, you risk failing to perform a basic human duty you have. Utilitarianism has the apparent advantage that it includes in its compass not only rational, i.e. human beings, but all things, which can experience pain and pleasure. So, animals are not left out by utilitarian ethicists and cruelty toward animals can be consistently condemned. ...read more.

Middle

Another main strength Is that its democratic and is practical it has not got loads of confusing theories of why utilitarianism is what it is, its easy to follow and understand. Utilitarianism can be used by organizations not just individuals this is another strength because if a hospital or any other organization needed to make a decision on what is best they could refer to utilitarianism and see that its about pleasing the majority not the minority. A quote by Jeremy Bentham can refer to this he said ''greatest good by the greatest number'' it's better to help the greatest number of people than the least. However there are some problems with utilitarianism, like how can we be sure of the consequences at the end of each action or situation, how can we actually measure please or pain? Some people may that pain is good for us, there are also different view about what happiness is. There are problems for utilitarianism others may say that it is too simplistic. Identify the main problems with utilitarianism. To what extent do those make utilitarianism unacceptable? ...read more.

Conclusion

Other criticisms towards utilitarianism is there's no credit to motivation, the argument is too simplistic, its understandable but its not as straight forward in real life, things cant be right one day and not the next, it has difficulty of not being ''agent relative'' a person making decisions in a group and not focusing on an individual. Kant says 'people should always be treated as ends in themselves' Overall utilitarianism is not helpful, just by making the majority happy, still leaves a minority unhappy, and surely this cant be right, we should try and please everyone, to help the greatest numbers isn't the greatest good because there is always a conscience about the minority who have to suffer to be unhappy, for example if a teacher in class asked how the pupils concentrated more by sitting in row are groups and if the majority of pupils said in rows the teacher would take that into consideration but there would still be other unhappy, surely you should try and make everyone happy the way the teacher could have was to sit people in rows and people in groups to suit everybody's needs? ...read more.

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