• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18

What Are the Causes and Effects of a Religion Splitting Into Divisions or Sects?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

By Julian Gertner Introduction: In this project I intend to learn about how two main Jewish groups, Hasidism and the Reform, began and developed into a modern day sect of Judaism. I will learn how the different movements agree and disagree with one another by studying their beliefs, attitudes, social practises and the effect it has on their adherents. By looking at the advantages and disadvantages, I will also learn if Jews overcoming their differences and uniting is a good or bad idea. Questions: a) (i) Describe the origins of two main Jewish groups and the ways in which they have developed. (ii) What were the religious issues, which caused the origin and development of these two groups? b) In what ways have the religious issues, which caused the group to develop, affected the moral behaviour, attitudes and social practises of their adherents? c) 'Jews should try to overcome their differences and unite.' Do you agree? Give reasons to support your answer and show that you have thought about different points of view. Answers: a) (i) Describe the origins of two main Jewish groups and the ways in which they have developed. The two groups I have chosen to describe are: (i) Hasidism, (ii) Reform. Hasidism: In the early seventeenth century, most of the Jews in Europe dwelled in Poland. Many famous yeshivot (Talmudic academies) were also situated in Poland, at that time. However, in 1648, Jews and Poles were murdered by Cossack gangs from Ukraine. Soon after this massacre, Russia invaded Poland destroying every community they passed by. At the end of the seventeenth century, Poland was no longer the centre of Jewish learning due to the horrendous loss of life. However, the Jews had not been annihilated and Lithuania replaced Poland for a new centre of Torah learning. All Eastern European Jews experienced a great religious development in the eighteenth century. ...read more.

Middle

They suggested that if Jews were granted equal opportunities, they could become good citizens. The Jews grew sick and tired of the persecutions they were suffering and the various oppressions they were under. Their history caused them to aspire to make Jewish life resemble that of the non-Jewish world. These people were known as the Maskilim and belonged to the Haskalah movement. They began to learn the vernacular language in this case German and studied secular subjects such as maths and philosophy. They consequently detached themselves from their Jewish roots. The Maskilim set out various targets in order to achieve their ultimate goal of emancipation. They attempted to alter the lifestyles of all Jews and began by integrating themselves subtly into their gentile society. This modern reforming way of thinking allowed the changing lifestyle and adjustments made to bring about acceptance into German society. This reforming tendency became popular amongst many German Jews as they strived for emancipation, stimulating the introduction of this Reform movement. The religious issue of 'expansion' is another contributing factor to the rapid growth of the Reform movement. People fell in love with this new idea of adjusting their religious practises and beliefs to suit their own lifestyle. This provided them with freedom and the Jews no longer felt restricted in their lifestyle. They developed a fundamental belief that G-d didn't personally give the Torah to the Jewish people on Mount Sinai, rather the laws were simply inspired by Him. This provides the Jews with the freedom to change or adjust the laws, as they believe the laws were not intended to be taken literally; they are not the actual words of G-d. The Torah is therefore to be taken as guidelines and suggestions as to how to lead a moral life and not a series of compulsory obligations. Many Jews were attracted to this idea that one could change their religious practises in order to suit their own lifestyle. ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore, if they believe in their own interpretations, then trying to unify and compromise their beliefs would be sinning according to what they believe in. For example, if a Reform Jew believes he/ she can play musical instruments in the synagogue on the Sabbath and an Orthodox Jew believes he/ she cant then for an Orthodox Jew to change/compromise to playing an instrument on the Sabbath, then he/she would be sinning (according to their beliefs) and visa versa. It is interesting for people to have different customs but if everything was the same and all people believed and practised the same laws, then there would be no such thing as custom. This would be a shame because it is good to have some variety in Judaism and that's what custom does. In conclusion, the ideal would be for Judaism to be a unified race with no differences. However, if this were to be attempted at this present time, it would make things a lot worse then they already are because people would have to change their beliefs dramatically and it would end up creating more divisions then there are. Although it wouldn't be practical for this to happen, something needs to be done because throughout the world more and more divisions are being created. For example, there is a new sect in America, which is a mixture between a Conservative and Orthodox Jew, called CONSERVADOX. Soon there will be hundreds of different sects of Judaism so some kind of unity will have to occur, in order to prevent this from happening. Conclusion: In doing this project, I have learnt the origins and development of two main Jewish sects-Reform and Hasidism. I have discovered the detailed origins and developments of these two movements and how they differ by studying their beliefs, attitudes, social practises and the effects they have on their adherents. I have decided that Jews overcoming their differences and uniting is good and bad for multiple reasons, however something needs to be done in order for Judaism to remain a nation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Judaism section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Judaism essays

  1. What is the Torah and Why is it Important To Jews?

    Another example would be a Jewish child maybe not finding time for homework if he/she has to worship or do Jewish studies, especially if they were preparing for Shabbat/Bar Mitzvah. Many of the Torah's teachings could cause inconvenience for a devout Jew, but if their faith is truly important to

  2. What is the difference between Orthodox Jews, Progressive Jews, and Conservative Jews?

    They accept the fact that sacred heritage has changed over time and will continue to do so as we all evolve. Reform Jews are "committed to a Judaism that changes and adapts to the needs of the day, are committed to the absolute equality of women in all areas of

  1. Festivals are the best way to learn about your faith." Do you agree?

    faith but there are many ways a Jew can learn about his faith and although festivals may be the most fun, there are other essential things a Jew must learn about to learn about his/her faith. Some Jews may argue that before they are even of an age to learn,

  2. A Summary Of Jewish Food Laws and Their Origins.

    An animal must have no disease or flaws. Ritual slaughter is called shechitah and the performer is called a shochet. The way to slaughter is a stroke across the throat. This is apparently painless to the animal. An egg supporting a blood-spot is not permitted.

  1. Covenantal Monotheism: A dissection of Jewish movements currently practiced in the United States.

    These movements are all very similar in belief, to the point that the differences may be contained to observers that follow Orthodox Judaism. Speaking generally though, they believe that God gave Moses the "Whole Torah", the Oral and the Written.

  2. Jewish beliefs on life after death and Jewish Funerals

    All of these tasks are specifically designed to help the mourner to understand this natural process and to help respect the dead. AO3 - "It cannot be true that there is life after death because there is no evidence for it.

  1. Describe in detail the way in which a fully observant Orthodox Jewish family would ...

    The Shabbat table must be laid by the family beforehand because the meal that they share on the Friday evening is very important, even members of the family that have left home try to return for this meal because it unites them.

  2. Knowledge and Understanding of the Confessions of Jeremiah

    These visions both contained a message of judgement. The mouth of the put is facing towards the south, away from the north, which implies that the danger that Judah will face will come from the north, and that these forces will destroy Judah.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work