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What are the strengths of Kants moral theory?

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Introduction

Part A - What are the strengths of Kant?s moral theory? (25) Kant?s theory is an absolute based on a priori which means a fixed set of beliefs known without the need for human experience. This was compacted into three categorical imperatives. As he was alive during an age of enlightenment religion was being questioned and therefore Kant?s moral theory was more accepted. A strength of Kant?s theory is that it is an absolute set of morals. The theory is a priori because he believed humans can use reason in order to differentiate between right and wrong. Kant constructed an equation in which he believed it defined a moral action. This was ?duty + goodwill = moral action. This can be viewed as a strength in Kant?s theory because it means moral actions can?t be subjective; they are either right or wrong because ?it is incoherent to believe justice can mean one thing in a country and something different in another?. ...read more.

Middle

There are a variety of strengths in the categorical imperative. The first is in the concept of the universal law. This is absolute so nothing is subjective which is therefore easy to understand and makes what is right and wrong defined. A universal law is also a simple idea; it means that an action must be applicable anywhere for anyone. So Kant argued lying is wrong. This is because humans relationships require trust otherwise society would fall apart. Suicide is a good example of the universal law because if you imagined that every time a human experienced depression they were to kill themself then the world would be a horrible place because death would be frequent but then suicide would become an everyday thing and humans would become desensitised to death and we would begin to loose sanctity of life. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is about the realization of humans having the same aims. If we all have the same moral standings then we have the ability to create a society with this and thus become autonomous individuals (the freedom to choose). This means society would be one in which everyone has agreed on the maxims. Kant?s theory is deontological meaning the moral actions we do must be done from a sense of duty. He believed emotions shouldn?t influence our decisions as this leads to conflict. This can be seen as a positive because it leads to equality because if no one is prioritised for being a friend or family member then we can all be viewed as equals regardless of the relationship you have with someone. Additionally Kant stated in his book ?Groundwork for the metaphysics of Morals? that humans are more highly praised when doing something out of duty rather than emotions. A solider fighting for his country through duty is more commended than someone fighting through anger. Yasmin Durrant ...read more.

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