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What are the strengths of the cosmological argument?

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What are the strengths of the cosmological argument? 1. Things exist. 2. It is possible for those things to not exist. 3. Whatever has the possibility of non existence, yet exists, has been caused to exist. A. Something cannot bring itself into existence since it must exist to bring itself into existence which is illogical. 4. There cannot be an infinite number of causes to bring something into existence. . Because an infinite regression of causes ultimately has no initial cause which means there is no cause of existence. A. Since the universe exists, it must have a cause. 5. Therefore, there must be an uncaused cause of all things. ...read more.


It is certain, and evident to our senses, that in the world some things are in motion. Now whatever is moved is moved by another, for nothing can be moved except it is in ' potentiality to that towards which it is moved; whereas a thing moves inasmuch as it is in act. For motion is nothing else than the reduction of something from potentiality to actually, except by something in a state of actuality. Aquinas was speaking of motion in the broadest sense. He included not only movement from one place to another, but also movement in the sense of change of quality or quantity. According to Aquinas, an object only moved when an external force was applied to it. ...read more.


Aquinas considered this to be a contradiction. For example, if wood could make itself hot then it would be hot already. Wood cannot be hot to begin with; otherwise, it would not change and become hot. The fact that it is not hot already is its actuality. The fact that fire can make it hot is its potentiality. In turn, something must have made the fire change and become alight. Each change, therefore, is the result of an earlier change. Aquinas, however, did not accept that there was a series of infinite changes. He concluded that there was a point at which the first movement (or change) occurred, brought about by 'a first mover'. Therefore, according to Aquinas, 'it is necessary to arrive at a first mover, moved by no other; and this everyone understands to be God'. ...read more.

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