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What are they key ideas of the cosmological argument for the existence of God?

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Introduction

What are they key ideas of the cosmological argument for the existence of God? (7) Does God exist? This is an ultimate question as it has no definite answer. There are many theories and ideas that attempt to prove that there is a god, and that he is the creator. The cosmological argument is no exception as it too is concerned with finding an explanation for how the universe came about. The argument is a posteriori, synthetic and inductive, this means that we do not learn any more from the conclusion than we already knew from the premises, and that the use of analytic terms means that we are using terms that have a clear and distinct meaning and cannot therefore be misinterpreted. ...read more.

Middle

There is also an Islamic form of the argument, which is known as the 'Kalam' argument. It proposes that whatever comes into being must have a cause, the universe came into being, therefore the universe must have a cause. This principle claims that if something cannot be the cause of it's own existence then it must have been caused by something else, and by something else and so forth. This chain can be said to be completed only when we arrive at a self-causing state. Thomas Aquinas proposed the most famous Christian application of the cosmological argument. He stated five ways that proved the existence of God, the first three are cosmological arguments, the fourth is a form of ontological argument and the last one is a teleological argument. ...read more.

Conclusion

Aquinas said that everything that exists, at one time did not, and may not at some time in the future. However, at one time none of these things existed, but because "nothing can come from nothing" there must have been something whose existence was necessary. This being must be God. In 1710, Leibniz explained the cosmological argument according to the principle of sufficient reasoning. He argued that why is there something rather than nothing? Every event must have a sufficient reason for its happening. Everything in the world requires a reason for its existence, as nothing happens without a reason. Everything in the world can be explained with relation to something else within the world. Therefore, the ultimate reason why there is something rather than nothing must come from outside the world, there must be a being able to create existence, which we call God. Sabiha Patel ...read more.

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