• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Is Ethics?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What is Ethics? Ethics originates from the Greek word ethos (meaning a habit or custom), but there is much speculation as to where it originated from. Many people believe that, in essence, there exists a universe of ethics created by g-d. To those holding that belief, answers to questions about the ethics of redirecting evolution have always been "out there"; our task is simply to discover them. Others believe that ethics can be derived directly from the evolutionary process; whatever behaviour has evolved is good because it evolved. They challenge that one can determine what ought to be from what is. Many others, take a third view: that there is no extrinsic source of ethics, but human beings have evolved the capacity to hold and share values, the things that a human being believes are right or wrong, moral or immoral is assumed to be a product of cultural evolution. ...read more.

Middle

If being ethical were doing "whatever society accepts," then to find out what is ethical, one would have to find out what society accepts. To decide laws about abortion, for example, you would have to ask an entire group of people to give you the answer, whether or not it fits with your own personal beliefs. Some people accept abortion but many others do not. If being ethical were doing whatever society accepts, one would have to find an agreement on issues which do not really exist. People ought to have the freedom to hold their own views and must be able to hold them freely without prejudice, which is why ethical absolutism should not exist as a set of laws which everyone should abide to. Instead ethical relativism in which there are no universal valid moral principles should, giving people the ability to think of values for themselves and how they apply. ...read more.

Conclusion

Ethics also means the continuous effort of studying our own moral beliefs and our moral conduct, and striving to ensure that we, and the organization we help to shape, live up to standards that are reasonable and solidly-based. One must also be able to question their own beliefs, and ought to consider other ethnicities and have the freedom to talk freely about them. In conclusion, ethics is the study of right and wrong or good and bad. It is an enormous philosophical subject ranging from an exercise in deciding how people should act towards each other to how they should act in certain situations. For some, ethics is about how people seek to justify their action and for others it is about how we use words such as right and wrong. There is no set definition for ethics, different people view it differently. Philosophers agree that every aspect of our lives not just informs our ethical decision making but is also a part of it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Practical Questions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Practical Questions essays

  1. Business Ethics

    As that suggests, advertising is to inform and to persuade the consumers and public. Advertising and promotional practices in marketing is an aggressive practice to generate profit for the business. Instead, some of the firms in the global market practice unethical advertising and promotional practice that misinform the public about some untrue information for their profit encouraging purpose.

  2. The Ethical Debate Concerning Cloning.

    John of Jerusalem. We have a growing number of men in nurses' training these days (a kind of unisex counterpart to the young women going into doctors' training), but like so many other so-called new departures, they really are only a return to ancient examples.

  1. Business Ethics

    This may be a bribery or corruption, lying to employees or customers, polluting the environment, or in general "ends justify the means" mentality. This is also called white collar crime. Managers confront ethical dilemmas in their jobs because they frequently use power and politics to accomplish their goals.

  2. Evaluate Korsgaard's discussion of the Universalizability Argument. In what ways does she conform with ...

    Social roles and identity must harmonize with the moral identity. In this case, to identify a set of moral principles to guide moral identity is a first-level point also for the social identity. But moral identity should be regarded as independent to all social identity.

  1. If ethics are an individual's belief about what is right or wrong or good ...

    A code of ethics should provide guidance but does not intimidate employees. Being a moral person does not necessarily equate to one becoming a moral manager and it is not enough to assume that one's employees will observe these qualities based on the limited interaction that occurs between manager and employee.

  2. Modern life-prolonging technologies have sharpened some ancient dilemmas on the value of life.

    that our medical cleverness has forced us to face and to make. No one would develop a list of factors defining a life not worth living unless the tragedy of competition for scarce resources had made it absolutely necessary, or unless our medical cleverness and old moral habits had led us to prolong vital signs under grotesque, inhumane circumstances.

  1. Explain the differences between Cultural Relativism and Cultural Absolutism

    This shows that because of their need to survive, their morality is different to ours. However, there are also problems with cultural relativism. There are lots of barbaric practises found in other cultures, for example FGM, and cultural relativism would suggest that we would accept that as a difference in cultural norms and that we could not criticise it.

  2. Medical Ethics And Organ Transplants

    Vitalists believe that humans are ?set apart? from other creatures in the world and animals as humans possess a soul. There is no point at which it could be justified to terminate human life. Therefore they would be in favour of someone on life support even if in a vegetable

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work