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What is meant by Meta Ethics? Meta ethics helps to establish what constitutes good or bad moral or ethical behaviour.

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Introduction

Religious Studies What is meant by Meta Ethics? Meta ethics helps to establish what constitutes good or bad moral or ethical behaviour. It examines what we mean when we talk about things that are good, bad, right, wrong, moral and immoral. Meta ethics is not trying to show something is wrong or right but only to examine the way in which the normative moral arguments have been presented. There are practically 4 theories to Meta ethics, each by separate scholars or philosophers. The first is by G.E. Moore and his theory of intuitionism. He is most famous for his theory of 'good' and was interested in making ethics a science. In his published work Principia Ethica he agued that that term goodness was indefinable because every individual's definition of the term was different. The term can be identified what it was but not defined. Intuitionism is fundamental moral principles which cannot be proven but are recognised in cognitive thoughts. ...read more.

Middle

Emotivism is based on people's emotive response to other people, events, situations, viewpoints and principles; this means they are interested in how people feel about a particular thing. The scholar of emotivism is C.L. Stevenson says that with emotivism even if the individual supports their perspective with statements for instance saying 'abortion is wrong' then the statement that god only has the right to give and take away life is still only finding reasons to back up their emotive response. Once all the arguments have been removed from the statement then all that is left is that individuals feelings and viewpoint which have no real substance to them because they cannot be argued against. A theory in emotivism is the boo-hurray theory. This is a statement which is followed with a response in which the individual approves or disapproves of the statement. Both of the individuals could inevitably want the same thing but the process could be different based on the attitudes and beliefs of the individuals. ...read more.

Conclusion

This suggests that moral statements are not commands like those suggested in emotivism but recommendations or guidelines to living in a civilised society. These rules need to be universal so that everyone can live by them and the prescribed action can also be taken to those who break those rules. Some statements do not have to be true or false but are prescribed an action to being accepted or rejected. Meta ethics deals with a wide range of theories which initially means that it cannot be simplified into saying that it only deals with the moral language of right, wrong etc but supports the statements of which arguments are formed which now can be objectively argued with evidence to back it up. Some parts of meta ethics show that moral statements are only ones of personal views therefore they cannot be generalised but from theories like prescriptivism we know that the course of action may be different but the attitudes and beliefs of the end results could be the same. Candice Burton 1 ...read more.

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